|Head of the Communist Party of Belarus|
|Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars of Armenia|
January 1, 1921 – January 30, 1922
February 9, 1886|
Nor Nakhichevan, Don Voisko Oblast, Russian Empire
|Died||March 22, 1925
near Tbilisi, Soviet Georgia
|Political party||Communist Party of the Soviet Union|
Myasnikyan was the son of a small merchant. He graduated from the law department of Moscow University in 1911. As a student in Nakhichevan and later in Moscow, Myasnikyan was active in underground groups beginning from 1901 and formally became a member of the revolutionary movement in 1904. He was arrested and exiled to Baku in 1906.
Between 1912 and 1914, Myasnikyan worked as an assistant to a lawyer in Moscow and participated in disseminating political literature. He was drafted into the Russian Army in 1914, where he promoted revolutionary ideas among the soldiers. Myasnikyan's revolutionary nom de guerre was Martuni.
After the February Revolution of 1917, Myasnikyan became a member of the Western Front's frontline committee and was an editor of the Bolshevik newspaper Zvezda in Minsk. He was elected as a delegate for the 6th Congress of the Bolshevik Party. He became chairman of the Northwestern Regional Committee of the Bolshevik Party, and became part of the Military Revolutionary Committee of the Western Region. Myasnikov was elected the commander of the Western Front at the congress of deputies.
Myasnikyan became chairman of Belorussia's Central Executive Committee in early 1919 and chairman of the Bolshevik Party in Belorussia.
In 1921, after the February Uprising, he was appointed Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars of Armenia, the newly installed government of the Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic. After being appointed as a head of government during the early years of the Armenian Soviet Republic, Myasnikyan was instrumental in the formation of state institutions and economy of the republic. Myasnikyan also initiated active work towards eradicating the illiteracy and developing local manufacturing in Armenia. He is one of the few communist leaders still celebrated in Armenia after the collapse of the Soviet Union. A monument is situated in the center of Yerevan commemorating him. Myasnikyan was killed in a plane crash in 1925.
Myasnikyan wrote several works about the theory of Marxism-Leninism, the history of the revolutionary movement, and Armenian literature. He began writing reviews for theatre in 1906. His works about Armenian literature include the article "Mikael Nalbandian" and pamphlets on the poetry of Hovhannes Hovhannisian and Hovhannes Tumanian. In literature, Myasnikyan criticized apolitical approaches to literature and the concept of "art for art's sake" in articles like "Philanthropy and its Lackeys" (1912).
Places named after Myasnikyan
Nagorno-Karabakh Republic (de facto)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Alexander Myasnikyan.|
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