Alexander Myasnikyan

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Alexander Myasnikyan
Head of the Communist Party of Belarus
In office
Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars of Armenia[1]
In office
January 1, 1921 – January 30, 1922
Personal details
Born (1886-02-09)February 9, 1886
Nor Nakhichevan, Don Voisko Oblast, Russian Empire
Died March 22, 1925(1925-03-22) (aged 39)
near Tbilisi, Soviet Georgia
Nationality Armenian
Political party Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Religion none
Myasnikyan on a 2012 Armenian stamp
The statue of Myasnikyan in Yerevan

Alexander Myasnikyan Armenian: Ալեքսանդր Մյասնիկյան, Russian: Александр Мясников Myasnikov; 28 January [9 February] 1886 – 22 March 1925) was a prominent Armenian Bolshevik.

Myasnikyan was the son of a small merchant. He graduated from the law department of Moscow University in 1911. As a student in Nakhichevan and later in Moscow, Myasnikyan was active in underground groups beginning from 1901 and formally became a member of the revolutionary movement in 1904. He was arrested and exiled to Baku in 1906.[2]

Between 1912 and 1914, Myasnikyan worked as an assistant to a lawyer in Moscow and participated in disseminating political literature. He was drafted into the Russian Army in 1914, where he promoted revolutionary ideas among the soldiers. Myasnikyan's revolutionary nom de guerre was Martuni.

After the February Revolution of 1917, Myasnikyan became a member of the Western Front's frontline committee and was an editor of the Bolshevik newspaper Zvezda in Minsk. He was elected as a delegate for the 6th Congress of the Bolshevik Party. He became chairman of the Northwestern Regional Committee of the Bolshevik Party, and became part of the Military Revolutionary Committee of the Western Region. Myasnikov was elected the commander of the Western Front at the congress of deputies.

Myasnikyan became chairman of Belorussia's Central Executive Committee in early 1919 and chairman of the Bolshevik Party in Belorussia.

When Nikolai Krylenko was appointed Supreme Commander in Chief of the Red Army, he in turn appointed Myasnikyan as his deputy.[3]

In 1921, after the February Uprising, he was appointed Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars of Armenia, the newly installed government of the Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic. After being appointed as a head of government during the early years of the Armenian Soviet Republic, Myasnikyan was instrumental in the formation of state institutions and economy of the republic. Myasnikyan also initiated active work towards eradicating the illiteracy and developing local manufacturing in Armenia. He is one of the few communist leaders still celebrated in Armenia after the collapse of the Soviet Union. A monument is situated in the center of Yerevan commemorating him. Myasnikyan was killed in a plane crash in 1925.

Myasnikyan wrote several works about the theory of Marxism-Leninism, the history of the revolutionary movement, and Armenian literature. He began writing reviews for theatre in 1906. His works about Armenian literature include the article "Mikael Nalbandian" and pamphlets on the poetry of Hovhannes Hovhannisian and Hovhannes Tumanian. In literature, Myasnikyan criticized apolitical approaches to literature and the concept of "art for art's sake" in articles like "Philanthropy and its Lackeys" (1912).[2]

Places named after Myasnikyan[edit]


 Nagorno-Karabakh Republic (de facto)


  • Miasnikiani, Akhalkalaki district, Samtskhe-Javakheti




  1. ^ Alexandr Myasnikyan Government of the Republic of Armenia
  2. ^ a b Miasnikov, Aleksandr Federovich. Great Soviet Encyclopedia
  3. ^ From Tsarist General to Red Army Commander by Mikhail Bonch-Bruyevich, translated by Vladimir Vezey, Progress Publishers, 1966, p. 232

Further reading[edit]