Alenka Bratušek

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Alenka Bratušek
Alenka Bratušek 2013-06-10.jpg
Prime Minister of Slovenia
In office
20 March 2013 – 18 September 2014
President Borut Pahor
Preceded by Janez Janša
Succeeded by Miro Cerar
Leader of Positive Slovenia
In office
17 January 2013 – 25 April 2014
Preceded by Zoran Janković
Succeeded by Zoran Janković
Personal details
Born (1970-03-31) 31 March 1970 (age 44)
Celje, Yugoslavia
(now Slovenia)
Political party Liberal Democracy (Before 2008)
Zares (2008–2010)
Hermina Krt's List (2010–2011)
Positive Slovenia (2011–2014)
Alliance of Alenka Bratušek (2014–present)
Alma mater University of Ljubljana

Alenka Bratušek (pronounced [aˈleːŋka ˈbraːtuʃək]; born 31 March 1970) is a Slovenian public servant. She was Prime Minister of Slovenia from March 2013 until May 2014, the first woman in Slovenia to hold this position.[1] She was president pro tempore of the Positive Slovenia party from January 2013 until April 2014.[2][3][4] On 5 May 2014, Bratušek submitted her resignation as Prime Minister.[5]

Life[edit]

Bratušek was born in Celje. She studied at the Faculty of Natural Sciences and Technology at the University of Ljubljana. Continuing her studies at the university of Ljubljana, she went on to obtain a master's degree in management at the Faculty for Social Sciences. Before entering politics, she served for six years as head of the Directorate for the State Budget at the Ministry of Finance.

In March 2013, an anonymous person criticized Bratušek because she had not cited a source on one page of her master's thesis.[6] Her work has 88 pages with 34 listed sources, but journalists only counted 11 used-ones; among it were also internal documents of company Javni gospodarski zavod Brdo, where she was member and later president of Managing Board.[7] Slovenske novice journalists also went through her work and wrote, that Bratušek plagiarized one page from work of another author (regarding Gøsta Esping-Andersen's classification of welfare) without proper citation.[8] Her Alma-mater, Faculty for Social Sciences, started an investigation regarding alleged plagiarism.[9] During the investigation academic adequacy of the thesis was confirmed.[10]

Political career[edit]

In 2006 she ran in local elections on the list of the Liberal Democracy of Slovenia (LDS) and was elected to the city council of Kranj. In 2008, Bratušek unsuccessfully ran for Parliament on the list of the Social Liberal party Zares.[11] On the next local elections, in 2010, she switched allegiance, this time to Hermina Krt's List (Lista Hermine Krt) and was once again elected to Kranj's city council.[11][12] In the 2011 early parliamentary elections, she was elected on the list of the Positive Slovenia party. During her parliamentary tenure she was the chairperson of the parliamentary Committee for Budget Control.

On 17 January 2013, Bratušek was elected as president of the Positive Slovenia party after its leader and founder Zoran Janković temporarily renounced all functions in the party following allegations raised by the official Commission for the Prevention of Corruption report.[13] Also following the report, right-wing leader Janez Janša's government received a vote of no confidence.

On 10 September 2014 Bratušek was nominated to be one of the Vice Presidents of the European Commission under the Junker Presidency but her nomination was rejected on 8 October 2014 mostly due to her lack of experience.[14][15]

Prime Minister[edit]

Alenka Bratušek meeting with Pope Francis

On 27 February, Bratušek was elected as the Prime Minister-designate to form a new government of Slovenia.[16] The right wing Janša's party responded by tweeting about "her government lasting no longer than her skirt's length".[17] Gregor Virant welcomed the outcome of the vote, stating that it will enable Slovenia to move forward.[18] Foreign media thought that it would be difficult for Bratušek to form a new government and questioned whether she would continue with the reforms initiated by Janša's government.[19]

A new parliamentary majority, formed by PS and Social Democrats's party was formed. On 20 March, Bratušek formed a government.[20] During her tenure, she presided over the construction of the first mosque in the country.[citation needed]

In seeking to avoid a financial bailout her government won a vote of confidence by 50 to 31 on 15 November.[21]

On 29 April 2014 she resigned from Positive Slovenia,[22] after losing party leadership to Zoran Janković on 26 April.[23] Following this development, Bratušek announced her resignation as Prime Minister, to take effect on 5 May 2014.[24] On 5 May, she officially submitted her resignation letter, triggering discussions about snap election later in 2014.[5] She became the first Slovenian Primer Minister to resign from office; resignation went into effect on 8 May.[25]

On 31 May 2014 she formed her own party Alliance of Alenka Bratušek (Zavezništvo Alenke Bratušek; ZaAB).[26] At the following election in July, ZaAB won 4 seats in the National Assembly, including one for Bratušek.[27]

European Commission[edit]

In her final days as a prime minister Bratušek had nominated herself to the position of the Vice President of the European Commission under the Junker Presidency, but on 8 October 2014 following a difficult confirmation hearing before the European Parliament her nomination was rejected with 122 out of 135 votes against her nomination.[28][29] Slovenian prime minister Miro Cerar nominated another applicant, slovenian entrepreneur Violeta Bulc.[30][31]

Family life[edit]

Bratušek lives in Kranj. She lives with her partner and has a son and a daughter.[32]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Predsednica vlade mag. Alenka Bratušek | Kabinet predsednika Vlade RS". Kpv.gov.si. Retrieved 2014-05-04. 
  2. ^ Positive Slovenia is led by Alenka Bratušek (In Slovene: Pozitivno Slovenijo vodi mag. Alenka Bratušek), official website, news section, 17 January 2013
  3. ^ Zoran Janković is not the party's president anymore ("Zoran Janković ni več predsednik stranke"), Delo, 17 January 2013
  4. ^ Zoran Jankovic is president of Positive Slovenia
  5. ^ a b "A. Bratušek: "Če res vsi mislijo, kar govorijo, gremo na volitve pred poletjem."". Delo.si. Retrieved 2014-05-05. 
  6. ^ With the tweezers over the Master's thesis by Alenka Bratušek (In Slovene: "S pinceto nad magisterij Bratovškove"), Delo, 26 February 2013
  7. ^ "''Je Alenka Bratušek magistrirala s kopiranjem?". Finance.si. 26 February 2013. 
  8. ^ Avtor: S. N. (27 February 2013). "Analiza: kako je z zvijačo magistrirala Bratuškova" (in Slovenian). Slovenskenovice.si. 
  9. ^ "Odziv FDV na domnevno plagiatorstvo Alenke Bratušek, 6. 3. 2013". FDV.uni-lj.si. 
  10. ^ Alenka Bratušek ostaja magistra znanosti, Mladina, 1. 7. 2013
  11. ^ a b Slovenskenovice.si - Vse stranke premierke Bratušek in ministra Jakiča
  12. ^ Razglej.se - Hermina Krt predstavila svojo listo kandidatov
  13. ^ Alenka Bratušek
  14. ^ http://www.index.hr/vijesti/clanak/europska-komisija-odbila-kandidaturu-alenke-bratusek-/776251.aspx
  15. ^ http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/6b47b8ca-4f0d-11e4-9c88-00144feab7de.html#axzz3FZpkCBuJ
  16. ^ http://www.globaltimes.cn/content/764822.shtml%7CAlenka Bratusek elected as Slovenia's new PM
  17. ^ Politics and mini-skirts, Delo, 24 February 2013
  18. ^ "Znotraj DZ-ja jasna podpora, zunaj njega odzivi mešani :: Prvi interaktivni multimedijski portal, MMC RTV Slovenija". Rtvslo.si. 28 February 2013. 
  19. ^ "Tuji mediji: Janša še ni rekel zadnje besede, Bratuškovo čaka težko delo :: Prvi interaktivni multimedijski portal, MMC RTV Slovenija". Rtvslo.si. 
  20. ^ "Optimizem po prvih pogovorih pri Bratuškovi :: Prvi interaktivni multimedijski portal, MMC RTV Slovenija". Rtvslo.si. 27 February 2013. 
  21. ^ Novak, Marja (2013-11-15). "Slovenian PM wins confidence vote, but bailout risk remains". Reuters. Retrieved 2014-05-04. 
  22. ^ "Bratuškova izstopila iz PS-ja. Volitve ob dogovoru mogoče že pred poletjem.". Rtvslo.si. 29 April 2014. 
  23. ^ Pozitivnaslovenija.si - Zoran Janković je predsednik Pozitivne Slovenije
  24. ^ "Alenka Bratušek s ponedeljkom zapušča premierski stolček". Delo.si. Retrieved 2014-05-04. 
  25. ^ "Konec vlade Alenke Bratušek". Delo.si. Retrieved 2014-05-08. 
  26. ^ RTVSLO.si - V živo: Nastaja stranka Alenke Bratušek
  27. ^ http://www.rtvslo.si/dz-volitve-2014/novoizvoljeni-poslanci-izobrazeni-v-povprecju-stari-48-let-med-njimi-najvec-zensk-do-zdaj/341898
  28. ^ http://www.index.hr/vijesti/clanak/europska-komisija-odbila-kandidaturu-alenke-bratusek-/776251.aspx
  29. ^ http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/6b47b8ca-4f0d-11e4-9c88-00144feab7de.html#axzz3FZpkCBuJ
  30. ^ http://www.eubusiness.com/news-eu/politics-slovenia.y4y?
  31. ^ http://www.jutarnji.hr/svada-u-sloveniji-oko-kandidata-za-ek--cerar-insistira-na-kandidatkinji-koja-ce-nas-osramotiti-kao-bratusek-/1226455/
  32. ^ Interview with Alenka Bratušek, Siol.net, 11 March 2012, accessed 28 January 2013, archived by WebCite at www.webcitation.org/6E0Kb7AZv

External links[edit]

Party political offices
Preceded by
Zoran Janković
Leader of Positive Slovenia
2013–2014
Succeeded by
Zoran Janković
Political offices
Preceded by
Janez Janša
Prime Minister of Slovenia
2013–2014
Succeeded by
Miro Cerar