Alessandra Kersevan

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Alessandra Kersevan
Born 1950
Monfalcone, Gorizia, Italy
Fields Contemporary history
Alma mater University of Trieste

Alessandra Kersevan (born December 18th 1950) is an historian, author and editor living and working in Udine.[1] She researches Italian modern history, including the Italian resistance movement and Italian war crimes. She is the editor of a group called "Resistenza storica" at "Kappa Vu edizioni", an Italian publisher.

Research[edit]

Her research that has been confirmed by the documents found in British archives by the British historian Effie Pedaliu and by the Italian historians Costantino Di Sante[2] and Davide Conti,[3] pointed out that the memory of the existence of the Italian concentration camps and Italian war crimes in general has been repressed due to the Cold War.[4] In the collective memory of the Italian public and media this has led to historical revisionism, in particular concerning post-war foibe massacres.[5] Yugoslavia, Greece and Ethiopia requested extradition of 1,200 Italian war criminals who however never saw anything like Nurnberg trial, because the British government with the beginning of cold war saw in Pietro Badoglio a guarantee of an anti-communist post-war Italy.[4][6]

In the 1950s, two Italian film-makers were jailed[7] for depicting the Italian invasion of Greece. Kersevan attributes this to historic revisionism.[8] She compares historic revisionism in Italy to the situation in France where she notes historic mythology is deconstructed. She gives the French people's understanding of the Vichy period as an example.

In 2003, Italian media reported that Silvio Berlusconi had said, "Benito Mussolini only "used to send people on vacation"[9] This gave weight and illustrated the thesis made by Kersevan.

The censorship and the revisionistic accusations of "negationism"[edit]

Italian right-wing politicians and refugees associations have asked for censorship against Kersevan and her staff, and a former Minister of the Republic could safely address her on the 1st Channell of the State TV in February 2012 as contiguous to the Soviet KGB when she contested a photo to be attributed to the slaughering of Italians whereas it was, actually, a group of Italian soldiers gunning Slovene civilian hostages on 31 July 1942[10] in the Slovenian village Dane during occupation by the Fascist Italy, at the time a common event in many other villages in Province of Ljubljana ordered by the Mario Roatta in his "Circolare 3C".[11]

The 2012 diplomatic protest by the Ministry of foreign affairs of the Republic of Slovenia[edit]

In February 2012, an Italian TV talk show host, Bruno Vespa televised a photograph depicting Italian troops killing Slovene civilians suggesting the situation was reversed. Kersevan, a guest on the show objected but Vespa did not apologise. A protest by the Ministry of foreign affairs of the Republic of Slovenia followed.[12][13]

Published works[edit]

Editorial and co-editor contributions[edit]

  • 2008 Foibe - Revisionismo di stato e amnesie della repubblica[15]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Paolo Rumiz, Moni Ovadia (2008-04-13). "Lager d'Italia - Il coraggio che non abbiamo". La Repubblica. Retrieved 2012-03-12. 
  2. ^ Di Sante, Costantino (2005) Italiani senza onore: I crimini in Jugoslavia e i processi negati (1941-1951), Ombre Corte, Milano. (Archived by WebCite®)
  3. ^ Conti, Davide (2011). "Criminali di guerra Italiani". Odradek Edizioni. Retrieved 2012-10-14. 
  4. ^ a b Effie G. H. Pedaliu (2004) Britain and the 'Hand-over' of Italian War Criminals to Yugoslavia, 1945-48. Journal of Contemporary History. Vol. 39, No. 4, Special Issue: Collective Memory, pp. 503-529 (JStor.org preview)
  5. ^ "Article". Senza Soste. 2010-02-10. Retrieved 2012-03-09. 
  6. ^ Rory, Carroll (2003) Italy's bloody secret. (Archived by WebCite®), The Guardian, London, UK, June 25
  7. ^ Rory, Carroll. Italy's bloody secret. The Guardian. (Archived by WebCite®), The Guardian, London, UK, June 25, 2003
  8. ^ Alessandra Kersevan (2008) Foibe - Revisionismo di stato e amnesie della repubblica. Kappavu, Udine.
  9. ^ Survivors of war camp lament Italy's amnesia, 2003, International Herald Tribune
  10. ^ "Italian state TV has been manipulating with the photo of Slovene hostages (Slovene: RAI manipuliral s fotografijo slovenskih talcev". RTV Slovenia. 2012-02-14. Retrieved 2012-03-09. 
  11. ^ James H. Burgwyn: "General Roatta's war against the partisans in Yugoslavia: 1942", Journal of Modern Italian Studies, Volume 9, Number 3, September 2004, pp. 314-329(16), link by IngentaConnect
  12. ^ "Ministry of foreign affairs of the Republic of Slovenia protests against the falsification of historical facts". RTV Slovenia. 2012-02-15. Retrieved 2012-03-09. 
  13. ^ Talk show "Il giorno del ricordo - Porta a Porta", emitted by the Italian state-owned TV station RAI, official website
  14. ^ Alberto Bobbio (2004-02-08). "Pulizia etnica all\'italiana". Famiglia Cristiana. Retrieved 2012-03-12.  (Archived by WebCite®)
  15. ^ "Foibe - Revisionismo di stato e amnesie della repubblica". Kappa Vu. Retrieved 2012-03-09.