Alex Archer

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Alex Archer
Born (1908-05-01)1 May 1908
London, England, GBR
Died 15 June 1979(1979-06-15) (aged 71)
Position Right Wing
Shot Right
Played for Wembley Lions
National team  Great Britain
Playing career 1935–1945

Alexander "Sandy" Archer (1 May 1908 – 15 June 1979) was an ice hockey right winger who played in the English National League for the Wembley Lions. He is best remembered as a member of the Great Britain national ice hockey team which won gold at the 1936 Winter Olympics (see Ice hockey at the 1936 Winter Olympics).

Sporting career[edit]

Coach Archer (back row far right)

Archer was born in West Ham, London to Scottish parents. They moved to Winnipeg, Manitoba, when he was 3-years-old.[1] It was in Manitoba that Archer learned to play ice hockey and football.[2] As well as being a Manitoban All-Star twice for ice hockey,[1] Archer also played for the Manitoban All-Stars against a touring side from the Football Association of Wales in 1929 and against a touring side from the Scottish Football Association in 1935.[2]

In 1993, Archer was inducted to the British Ice Hockey Hall of Fame with the rest of the 1936 Olympic British ice hockey squad who had not previously been inducted.[3]

Club career[edit]

Archer returned to England to join the Wembley Lions for the 1935–36 season. He played for the Lions for the next five seasons scoring a total of 82 goals and 77 assists.[1] Archer was also selected to the All-star A Team in 1938, 1939 and 1940.[4][5][6]

Due to a fractured skull Archer's playing career came to an end in 1945 and he became a coach – first for Wembley and then for Nottingham Panthers and Murrayfield Racers.[1] As a successful coach he was selected to coach the All-star B Team in 1947 and then again in 1948.[7][8]

International career[edit]

Olympic medal record
Men's Ice Hockey
Gold 1936 Garmisch-Partenkirchen Team

Archer was selected to play for the Great Britain team at the 1936 Winter Olympics. However, this led to a complaint from the Canadian Hockey Association to the International Ice Hockey Federation as they claimed he had not been released from the Association. Initially upheld by the IIHF, the complaint was suspended for the duration of the tournament and subsequently overturned.[9] He went on to play in all seven of the games of the tournament and scored two goals.[10]

Archer won two further medals with the GB team, winning silver medals at the 1937 and 1938 Ice Hockey World Championships.[11][12] Archer retired from ice hockey in 1945 after he received a fractured skull in a game for GB against Sweden.

Archer played 24 times for GB, scoring 14 goals and 10 assists.[1]

Awards[edit]

  • Two time Manitoban All-star.
  • Olympic gold medalist in 1936.
  • World championship silver medalist in 1937 and 1938.
  • Named to the English National League All-star A Team in 1938, 1939 and 1940.
  • Named as coach to the English National League All-star B Team in 1947 and 1948.
  • Inducted to the British Ice Hockey Hall of Fame in 1993.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Harris, Martin C. (July 1998). "Alex 'Sandy' Archer". Ice Hockey Journalists UK. Retrieved on 30 November 2009.
  2. ^ a b "Provincial Histories". The Socceer Hall of Fame.ca. Retrieved on 30 November 2009.
  3. ^ "Hall of fame". Ice Hockey Journalists UK. Retrieved on 30 November 2009.
  4. ^ "All Star Team: 1937–1938". Ice Hockey Journalists UK. Retrieved on 30 November 2009.
  5. ^ "All Star Team: 1938–1939". Ice Hockey Journalists UK. Retrieved on 30 November 2009.
  6. ^ "All Star Team: 1939–1940". Ice Hockey Journalists UK. Retrieved on 30 November 2009.
  7. ^ "All Star Team: 1946–1947". Ice Hockey Journalists UK. Retrieved on 30 November 2009.
  8. ^ "All Star Team: 1947–1948". Ice Hockey Journalists UK. Retrieved on 30 November 2009.
  9. ^ "Great Britain Wins Olympic Gold". International Ice Hockey Federation. Retrieved on 30 November 2009.
  10. ^ "Archer, Alex 'Sandy'". A to Z Encyclopaedia of Ice Hockey. Retrieved on 30 November 2009.
  11. ^ "Great Britain Rosters: 1937". Ice Hockey Journalists UK. Retrieved on 30 November 2009.
  12. ^ "Great Britain Rosters: 1938". Ice Hockey Journalists UK. Retrieved on 30 November 2009.

External links[edit]