December 7, 1942 |
|Batted: Right||Threw: Right|
|July 25, 1964 for the Philadelphia Phillies|
|Last MLB appearance|
|October 1, 1976 for the Detroit Tigers|
|Runs batted in||525|
|Career highlights and awards|
Alexander Johnson (born December 7, 1942) is a former professional baseball outfielder. Between 1964 and 1976, he played in Major League Baseball for the Philadelphia Phillies, St. Louis Cardinals, Cincinnati Reds, California Angels, Cleveland Indians, Texas Rangers, New York Yankees, and Detroit Tigers. He was the National League Comeback Player of the Year in 1968 and an American League All-Star and batting champion in 1970. His brother, Ron, was an NFL running back, notably for the New York Giants.
Johnson attended Northwestern High School, where he excelled as an offensive lineman for the school's football team. He received a scholarship offer to attend Michigan State University to play football for the Michigan State Spartans, but opted to sign with the Philadelphia Phillies instead.
Johnson worked his way up the ranks quickly in the Phillies' farm system, batting .322 with forty home runs and 187 runs batted in (RBIs) across two seasons to earn a spot on the Phillies' bench for the start of the 1964 season. However, he was optioned back to the Arkansas Travelers of the Pacific Coast League without having logged a major league at-bat in order to make room on the major league roster for relief pitcher Ed Roebuck, who was acquired from the Washington Senators shortly after the season started.
Johnson soon earned a call back up to the majors as he batted .316 with 21 home runs and 71 RBIs in just over half a season in Little Falls. In his major league debut, Johnson went three-for-four with a walk, two RBIs and a run scored. He remained hot for his first month in the majors, batting .400 with one home run and nine RBIs through August. He eventually settled into a lefty-righty platoon with Wes Covington in left field, which he would do through the 1965 season. After which, Johnson, Pat Corrales and Art Mahaffey were dealt to the St. Louis Cardinals for Bill White, Dick Groat and Bob Uecker.
St. Louis Cardinals
The Cards shifted Hall of Famer Lou Brock to right field to make room for Johnson in left. Along with Curt Flood in center, they boasted one of the top young outfields in the National League heading into the 1966 season. It was not to be, however, as Johnson batted just .186 with two home runs and six RBIs through May 17 to receive a demotion down to the Tulsa Oilers of the Triple-A Pacific Coast League (PCL). That year, he was named the "Most Dangerous Hitter" in the PCL.
Johnson returned to the Cardinals in 1967, batting .223 with one home run and twelve RBIs mostly as a pinch hitter and back up for Roger Maris in right field. The Cardinals defeated the Boston Red Sox in the World Series that year, however, Johnson did not appear in the post-season. Just before spring training 1968, he was traded to the Cincinnati Reds for Dick Simpson.
Pete Rose, the left fielder in Cincinnati in 1967, was shifted to right field for 1968. Mack Jones, a left-handed hitter acquired from the Atlanta Braves shortly before Johnson, was the early favorite to inherit the left field job. Johnson had already been labelled as "moody" and "uncoachable" during his days with the Phillies and Cardinals; however, he impressed Reds manager Dave Bristol that Spring and was given the starting job in left field regardless of the fact that a lefthanded bat would have been more suitable for the Reds' line-up.
Johnson also earned a reputation as a notoriously slow starter by the time he joined the Reds, and was batting .259 with four RBIs through April. He turned it around in May, batting .366 to move into the National League batting race. He finished the season at .312, fourth in the league behind Rose and two of the Alou brothers (Matty & Felipe), to be named the Sporting News' National League Comeback Player of the Year.
Though his potential to hit for power was recognized throughout his early career, he entered the 1969 season having hit just s17 career home runs. He changed all that in 1969, matching his career total, while also driving in a career high 88 runs and scoring a career high 86 runs. He also finished sixth in the N.L. with a .315 batting average.
Despite his hitting prowess, Johnson was a defensive liability as he led National League outfielders in errors both seasons in Cincinnati. In need of pitching, and with hot outfield prospect Bernie Carbo ready to make a jump to the majors, the Reds dealt Johnson and utility infielder Chico Ruiz to the California Angels for Pedro Borbón, Jim McGlothlin, and Vern Geishert.
Johnson hit the ground running in California, leading the league with a .366 batting average through May. He cooled off considerably as the 1970 season progressed, but still went into the All-Star break at .328 to earn selection to the A.L. squad. He remained in the batting title race throughout the season, and went into the final game of the season .002 points behind Boston's Carl Yastrzemski. Johnson went two-for-three to win the A.L. batting title by 0.004 over Yastrzemski. He was removed from the game after his third at-bat, to insure the title.
Johnson became the subject of some controversy toward the end of his first season in California when he was fined by Angels manager Lefty Phillips for not running out a grounder. This continued into the following spring, when Phillips fined Johnson $100 for loafing in an exhibition game. The following day, Phillips removed Johnson from a second exhibition after he failed to run out a first-inning grounder.
The trend continued into the 1971 regular season as Johnson was benched three times in May for indifferent play. On June 4, he was pulled in the first inning of a 10–1 loss to the Red Sox when he failed to run all the way to first base on a routine ground ball. After being replaced by Tony González in left field over the next week, Johnson intimated that some of his battles with teammates and management were racially motivated.
|“||Hell yes, I'm bitter. I've been bitter ever since I learned I was black. The society into which I was born and in which I grew up and in which I play ball today is anti-black. My attitude is nothing more than a reaction of their attitude.||”|
Following a June 13 loss to the Washington Senators, Johnson claimed that Chico Ruiz, who had been a close friend and was the godfather of Johnson's adopted daughter, pointed a gun at him while the two were in the clubhouse. Ruiz denied the claim.
Somewhere along the way, Johnson, who was never a good fielder, stopped taking outfield practice before games. A trade deadline deal with the Milwaukee Brewers for Tommy Harper fell through. When the Angels headed to Milwaukee for a four-game series with the Brewers, Johnson told reporters that he needed to get out of California, and that "playing in hell" would be an improvement. When the Angels headed to Chicago on June 25, Johnson was benched for his performance in the final game of the series with the Brewers. He loafed on two balls hit to him in left field that ignited the Brewers' five-run fourth inning, and failed to run out a ground ball in his final at-bat in the ninth inning. Phillips put it simply, "If you had seen him play lately, you'd know why he isn't in the line-up."
Grievance & arbitration
Marvin Miller, executive director of the Major League Baseball Players Association, immediately filed a grievance against the Angels on Johnson's behalf claiming that Walsh failed to properly outline the basis for the suspension in specific terms. His case, however, was weakened when Johnson defended his actions rather than deny the claims made against him by his ballclub. He admitted to not being in the spirit to play properly as the whole team was indifferent toward playing together. Miller eventually ended up filing a grievance on Johnson's behalf suggesting that Johnson was emotionally disabled.
Regardless of the grievance, Phillips remained defiant that Johnson would not be returning to his ballclub (Phillips' stance was perhaps, in part, due to the fact that his fourth place team was suddenly playing better – 17–11 in the month of July.) When a meeting between Miller and the Owners' Players' Relations committee on July 21 failed to resolve the grievance, it went to an independent arbitrator.
After a 30-day suspension, the longest the Angels could give, Commissioner of Baseball Bowie Kuhn placed Johnson on the restricted list, allowing the Angels to continue the suspension. On August 10, Phillips, the Angels' coaches and six players (including team captain Jim Fregosi) met with Kuhn's labor advisor John Gaherin, who was part of the three-man arbitration panel attempting to resolve the case along with Miller and professional Arbitrator Lewis Gill of the National Labor Relations Board. On August 31, the panel indefinitely postponed a decision on Johnson's appeal, and indicated that they were unlikely to come to an agreement before the end of the regular season.
The Angels' case against Johnson hit a snag on September 7, when the Chicago Sun Times reported that Walsh had lied about the gun incident with Ruiz, and ordered that the weapon be concealed. Based on the findings of two psychiatrists, Gill found in favor of Johnson, determining that an emotional disturbance was no worse than a physical ailment, and that the Angels should not have suspended him, but rather should have placed Johnson on the disabled list. Johnson was awarded $29,970 in back pay (as players on the disabled list still receive full pay); however, Gill upheld the $3,750 in fines he received from the team.
After the season, the Angels cleaned house. Phillips and Walsh were both fired, Ruiz was released, and the Angels traded Johnson to the Cleveland Indians with Jerry Moses for Frank Baker, Vada Pinson, and Alan Foster.
More "emotional disturbance" followed Johnson to his new club when Ruiz was killed in an auto accident on February 9, 1972 (Johnson attended the funeral). Johnson got off to a fast start for the Indians, as his batting average reached .328 on May 6, but a 6-for-66 slump brought his average down to .208 by June. Johnson appeared to be emerging from his slump when Phillips, who had been rehired by the Angels as a scout, was fatally stricken by an asthma attack on June 12. Shortly afterwards, Johnson went into a 5-for-37 slump that dropped his season average to .219.
Johnson's hitting was blamed on a heel injury, which limited him to pinch hitting during the first half of August. He resumed his role of everyday left fielder on August 19, and batted .351 over the rest of the season.
Johnson held out for a new contract with the Indians the following Spring. Unable to reach an agreement, they traded him to the Texas Rangers for pitchers Rich Hinton and Vince Colbert. Rangers manager Whitey Herzog made it clear upon his team's acquisition of Johnson that he would release Johnson immediately if he turned out to be a discipline problem with his club.
With the American League's institution of the designated hitter rule in 1973, Johnson was able to provide strong offensive production for the Rangers without hindering his team defensively, and soon won over the heart of his new manager. He appeared in 116 games at DH while spelling an occasional day off for Rico Carty in left in an additional forty games, and batted .287 with eight home runs and 68 RBIs. His 179 hits were the fifth most in the AL, and set a franchise record that stood until 1979.
Johnson became an everyday outfielder again when Billy Martin took over as Rangers manager toward the end of the 1973 season. At first, Johnson and Martin got along, but by the time the Rangers sold Johnson's contract to the New York Yankees on September 9, 1974, Martin had also gotten fed up with him.
New York Yankees
Johnson joined a Yankees club that was in first place by one game over the Baltimore Orioles in the American League East. In his first game as a Yankee, he hit an extra innings home run to defeat the Boston Red Sox. It was, however, his only highlight with the Yankees as he batted just .214 in ten games with his new club, and the Orioles won the division by two games.
He started the 1975 season as the Yankees' regular DH, but a knee injury limited his role. After Billy Martin was named Yankees manager on August 2, Johnson logged just nine more at-bats before he was released on September 2.
He signed with his hometown Detroit Tigers for the 1976 season, and enjoyed something of a resurgent year as he batted .268 with six home runs and 45 RBIs as his team's everyday left fielder. Regardless, he was released at the end of the season. He played briefly with the Mexican League's Diablos Rojos del México before retiring.
Personal life and Retirement
Johnson had married Julia Augusta in 1963, and they adopted daughter Jennifer in 1969 and had son Alex Jr. in 1972. Alex and Julia divorced after his baseball career ended. After Johnson retired, he returned to Detroit and in 1985, after his father's death, took over Johnson Trucking Service, which was founded by his father, Arthur Johnson, in the 1940s. The company rents dump trucks to construction companies. In 1998, he told Sports Illustrated "Do I enjoy my life?" Johnson asks rhetorically. "I enjoy not being on an airplane all the time. I enjoy not having to face everything I did. I just want to help people with their vehicles. It's a nice, normal life — the thing I've always wanted."
- Armour, Mark. "Alex Johnson". Society for American Baseball Research. Retrieved September 25, 2012.
- Dow, Bill (September 28, 2011). "Alex Johnson: The Detroit Tigers’ Forgotten Batting Champion". Detroit Athletic Co. Retrieved September 25, 2012.
- "Senators Sell Ed Roebuck to Phillies". Pittsburgh Press. April 21, 1964. Retrieved September 25, 2012.
- "St. Louis Cardinals 10, Philadelphia Phillies 9". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 25, 2012.
- "White, Groat Dealt". St. Petersburg Times. October 28, 1965. Retrieved September 25, 2012.
- "Cards Place Accent On Speed, Youth". Rochester Sentinel. March 23, 1966. Retrieved September 25, 2012.
- Foster, Chris (June 24, 1990). "Alex Johnson's Bitterness Toward Baseball Still Evident 19 Years After the Angels Suspended Their Only Batting Champion for Lacking Effort". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved September 25, 2012.
- "Alex Johnson (#104)". 1966 Topps Baseball. June 2, 2012. Retrieved September 25, 2012.
- O'Hara, Dave (March 12, 1968). "Yastrzemski Can Expect Rough Treatment From His Rivals". Kentucky New Era. Retrieved September 25, 2012.
- Friedman, A.J. (April 7, 1968). "Redlegs' Watchword: Stay In One Piece". Toledo Blade. Retrieved September 25, 2012.
- "Comeback Player of the Year Award by The Sporting News". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved September 25, 2012.
- "Reds Trade Johnson, Ruiz To Angels". The Bryan Times. November 26, 1969. Retrieved September 25, 2012.
- "1970 Major League Baseball All-Star Game". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 25, 2012.
- "California Angels 5, Chicago White Sox 4". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 25, 2012.
- "Phillips Benches Alex Johnson". The Rock Hill Herald. March 22, 1971. Retrieved September 25, 2012.
- Eldridge, Larry (June 5, 1971). "Alex Johnson Benched by California Skipper". Waycross Journal-Herald. Retrieved September 25, 2012.
- "Racial Issue Flares With Johnson". Gadsden Times. June 13, 1971. Retrieved September 25, 2012.
- Fimrite, Ron (July 5, 1971). "For Failure To Give His Best...". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved September 25, 2012.
- "Must Leave Angels, Alex Says; Would Rather Play in Hell". The Miami News. June 24, 1971. Retrieved September 25, 2012.
- "Milwaukee Brewers 6, California Angels 0". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 25, 2012.
- "10-Run Seventh Leads Cubs Over Cards, 21–0". Rochester Sentinel. June 26, 1971. Retrieved September 25, 2012.
- Armour, Mark L.; Levitt, Daniel R. "Chapter 11: Plans Gone Awry: The 1971 Angels". Paths to Glory: How Great Baseball Teams Got That Way. Potomac Books, Inc. pp. 217–231.
- "Alex Johnson Had To Go, Claims California Angel". Lewiston Morning Tribune. June 28, 1971. Retrieved September 25, 2012.
- "'I Had Justifiable Reasons...'". The Day. July 1, 1971. Retrieved September 25, 2012.
- "Alex Not Welcome, Lefty Phillips Says". The Miami News. July 7, 1971. Retrieved September 25, 2012.
- "Angel in Limbo". The Miami News. July 22, 1971. Retrieved September 25, 2012.
- "Deep Water For Johnson". St. Petersburg Times. July 28, 1971. Retrieved September 25, 2012.
- "Angels, Staff, Pilot Parley on Johnson". Milwaukee Sentinel. August 11, 1971. Retrieved September 25, 2012.
- "Panel Delays Verdict in Alex Johnson Case". The Morning Record. September 1, 1971. Retrieved September 25, 2012.
- "Say Exec Lied in Johnson Case". The Milwaukee Sentinel. September 8, 1971. Retrieved September 25, 2012.
- "'Emotional Disturbance No Worse Than Physical – Pay Alex Johnson'". Lewiston Morning Tribune. September 29, 1971. Retrieved September 25, 2012.
- "Angels Angling". The Spokesman Review. October 22, 1971. Retrieved September 25, 2012.
- "Alex Johnson Says He Can't Wait to Play Baseball for the Cleveland Indians". The Miami News. October 6, 1971. Retrieved September 25, 2012.
- "Accident Kills Royals' Ruiz". Palm Beach Post. February 10, 1972. Retrieved September 25, 2012.
- "Lefty Phillips is Dead". St. Petersburg Independent. June 13, 1972. Retrieved September 25, 2012.
- Madden, Bill (August 6, 1972). "Alex Feeling Like a Heel While Indians Get On Feet?". Boca Raton News. Retrieved September 25, 2012.
- "Cleveland Trades Holdout Alex Johnson". Sarasota Herald Tribune. March 10, 1973. Retrieved September 25, 2012.
- "Herzog: Johnson is Texas' Best Hustler". Observer-Reporter. May 12, 1973. Retrieved September 25, 2012.
- Taylor, Jim (June 7, 1974). "Mood Right for Johnson". Toledo Blade. Retrieved September 25, 2012.
- Anderson, Dave (September 12, 1974). "Alex Joins the Yanks". The Day. Retrieved September 25, 2012.
- "New York Yankees 2, Boston Red Sox 1". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 25, 2012.
- "Injuries Plaguing Yanks, Phils". Palm Beach Post. June 19, 1975. Retrieved September 25, 2012.
- "Tigers Have New Look After Winter Shakeup". Gadsden Times. April 6, 1976. Retrieved September 25, 2012.
- "Tigers Release Johnson, Garcia". Lakeland Ledger. December 17, 1976. Retrieved September 25, 2012.
- Popelka, Greg (May 11, 2011). "Blast From The Past: Alex Johnson". TheClevelandFan.com. Retrieved September 25, 2012.
- Pearlman, Jeff (March 9, 1998). "Alex Johnson, Angels Outfielder". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved September 25, 2012.
- Foster, Chris (June 24, 1990). "Alex : Johnson's Bitterness Toward Baseball Still Evident 19 Years After the Angels Suspended Their Only Batting Champion for Lacking Effort". Los Angeles Times.
- "Alex Johnson, Angels Outfielder". CNN. March 9, 1998.
- Career statistics and player information from MLB, or Baseball-Reference, or Fangraphs, or The Baseball Cube, or Baseball-Reference (Minors), or Baseball Library