Alex Shoumatoff

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Alexander "Alex" Shoumatoff (born November 4, 1946) is an American writer known for his literary journalism, nature and environmental writing, and books and magazine pieces about political and environmental situations and world affairs. He was a staff writer at The New Yorker magazine from 1978 to 1987, a founding contributing editor of Outside magazine and Condé Nast Traveler, and is a senior contributing editor to Vanity Fair. He is known for reporting on some of the most remote corners of the world and may be, arguably, the most widely traveled magazine journalist with the broadest range in subject matter writing in English.

He has 10 published books and since 2001 has been the editor of a web site, Dispatches From The Vanishing World devoted to "documenting and raising awareness about the planet's rapidly disappearing natural and cultural diversity",[1] and hundreds of pages of his writing are posted on the site.[2] Career highlights include an article he wrote about the mountain gorilla advocate Dian Fossey, which eventually became the film Gorillas in the Mist, and his arrest in 2008 for trespassing at the Bohemian Grove in Monte Rio, California in 2008 which was featured by Vanity Fair.[3] Shoumatoff has been called "the greatest writer in America" by Donald Trump[4] and "one of our greatest story tellers" by Graydon Carter.

Ethnicity and ancestry[edit]

Shoumatoff descends from a family of the Russian nobility he traced back dozens of generations in his 1982 book, Russian Blood.[5] His paternal grandmother, Elizabeth Shoumatoff, was a prominent portrait artist who was painting President Franklin Roosevelt when he collapsed before her with a cerebral hemorrhage and she escorted his mistress Lucy Rutherford away from the scene before the media arrived. Her brother/Shoumatoff's great uncle Andrey Avinoff, was a "gentleman-in-waiting" to the Tsar at the time of the Soviet Revolution, was an artist also, and was a renowned lepidopterist who became the director of the Carnegie Museum of Natural History in Pittsburgh from 1925 to 1945. His paternal grandfather, Leo Shoumatoff, was the business manager of Igor Sikorsky's aircraft company, which developed the helicopter and the first passenger airplane. His other grandfather was a Colonel in the Empress's cavalry guard. His father Nicholas Shoumatoff was an engineer who designed paper mills around the world, an entomologist, and well-known alpine ecologist[6] who wrote the books Europe's Mountain Center and Around the Roof of the World.

Childhood and education[edit]

Shoumatoff was born in Mount Kisco, New York. He grew up in the 1950s in Bedford, New York, an exurban enclave of old-line WASPs that is now most famously inhabited by famous people and top American business leaders. He went to the local country-day school, Rippowam School, where he later taught middle-school science in his mid-twenties. Upon his graduation from the eighth grade, the family moved to London and began to spend summers in Switzerland's Bernese Oberland. His father, a passionate mountain climber, took Shoumatoff and his older brother Nick up major peaks in the Alps. When he was four, his parents put him in a summer camp in Gstaad, Switzerland, where he learned to speak French.

Shoumatoff did his secondary schooling at St. Paul's School, a then all-boys boarding school in Concord, New Hampshire, where he was at the top of his class and the captain of the squash team. When he was 16, impressed with recordings by the South Carolina blues man Pink Anderson, he bought a guitar and wandered to the Folklore Center in Greenwich Village, New York, where Izzy Young sent him to Harlem to take lessons from the Reverend Gary Davis. Davis would have a huge impact on Shoumatoff and would become the subject of Shoumatoff's first published magazine piece.[7]

He was admitted to Harvard University. He studied poetry writing with Robert Lowell in a class that included fellow literary journalist Tracy Kidder and was on the Harvard Lampoon. His senior year roommates included Douglas Kenney.

Early writing and music career[edit]

Graduating at 1968 into the turbulence of the late Vietnam War and with influence from Bob Dylan, Shoumatoff aspired to be a songwriter. After a stint on the Washington Post as a night police reporter, and with a draft classification of I-A, he enlisted in an obscure Marine Corps reserve intelligence unit that trained him to be parachuted behind the Iron Curtain and to melt into the local population. He was given intensive Russian Language schooling in Monterey, California. There, however, he fell in with the psychedelic counterculture of the late 1960s. He turned to the Reverend Gary Davis with his predicament and Davis made him a minister in a heated moment in a store-front church in Harlem. This enabled him to get an honorable, IV-D discharge from the Marines (the D standing for Divinity).

In 1970 Shoumatoff chose to "drop out" with his girlfriend and they moved to an old farm in New Hampshire. He taught French at a local college and drove a school bus and became engrossed with nature. Breaking up with the girl that fall, he drifted to northern California hanging out on a succession of communes and playing music around bonfires and writing more songs. There, he sold his profile of Gary Davis to Rolling Stone and had a song-writing contract with Manny Greenhill, the manager of Joan Baez, Joni Mitchell, Muddy Waters, and Doc Watson. He went to New York City to perform his songs but ended up instead writing for magazines, starting with the Village Voice. He developed a piece on Florida into his first book, Florida Ramble, and married his editor's assistant. The newlyweds lived in the Marsh Sanctuary in Mount Kisco, where he became the resident naturalist. There was an overgrown Greek amphitheater that Isadora Duncan had danced in, which he restored, and put on a production of A Midsummer Night's Dream. The marriage lasted only two years, and the heartbroken Shoumatoff, after turning in his second book, a natural and cultural history of Westchester County, New York, left for the Amazon Rainforest which he had been longing to explore since seeing the film "Black Orpheus" and listening to the bossa nova records of Charlie Byrd and Stan Getz. There he spent nine months in the rainforest, getting to a remote Yanomamo village where that no one from the outside world had set foot in,[8] and nearly dying of falciparum malaria.[9] His book on the experience is a riveting account titled The Rivers Amazon, which was published by Sierra Club Press, and was compared by reviewers with the classic books on the Amazon by Theodore Roosevelt and Henry Walter Bates.[10]

Returning to Mount Kisco with a Brazilian wife, he learned that his Westchester book had been taken by the New Yorker and joined its staff in 1978. Shoumatoff established himself as "consistently the farthest-flung of the New Yorker's far-flung correspondents",[11] as the New York Times described him, and he wrote pieces on pygmies in the Ituri Forest, lemurs of Madagascar, and traced the legend of Amazon women to a tributary of the Amazon called the Nhamunda which no white person had visited since a Frenchman in 1890.[12]

Writing and journalistic techniques[edit]

Shoumatoff is known for his style of "long fact writing" which was developed at the New Yorker that was edited by William Shawn at the time. Mr. Shaun encouraged his writers by encouraging them to pursue their interests in incredible detail,[13] a practice used to provide comprehensive reporting and to fill the bi-weekly magazine's pages. Shoumatoff began "recording" everything that he was told or observed or thought in red Chinese notebooks, which he has today amassed over 400 of filling some 70,000 pages to date. To this day Shoumatoff attempts to give the best of his ability, "the full picture, in all its complexity and ambiguity", and still submits very long pieces much to the consternation of magazine editors.

Most of his books, beginning with Florida Ramble, and continuing to his last published book, Legends of the American Desert, are portraits of a place (a state, a county, a rainforest, a desert), and often originated with a magazine article. They identify and present, in a mixture of travelogue and exposition, elements that Shoumatoff believes make the place the way it is: flora and fauna; natural, cultural, and political history; local dialects and belief systems. His writing is often characterized by a fascination with "the Other", disenchantment with the modern consumer culture, and an insatiable quantity of detail that he developed at the New Yorker. The essayist Edward Hoagland described him as "admirably protean, encyclopedic, and indefatigable, Shoumatoff has the curiosity of an army of researchers and writes like a house afire." Shoumatoff also appeals to, frequently works with, and his work often crosses with, work in cultural anthropology. He also works often with specialists of species, culture, and music.

Mid to later life and career[edit]

In 1986 Shoumatoff wrote his first piece for Vanity Fair, about the murder of Dian Fossey, which was made into the movie Gorillas in the Mist and was considered to be one of the newly resurrected magazine's stars. He wrote an account of the fall of Paraguay's dictator Alfredo Stroessner which was the sole subject of editor Tina Brown's introduction to the issue,[14] and attempted to pinpoint the source of the AIDS virus in central Africa which he developed into the book African Madness. In 1990, his book The World Is Burning about the murder of Chico Mendes was optioned to be a film by the actor Robert Redford. In the early 1990s, he became interested in golf, and had a column in Esquire Magazine called "Investigative Golf." Two of his more-famous pieces about golf were one in 1994 which former President Bill Clinton's golf buddies discussed his extra-marital affairs prior to the Monica Lewinsky scandal, which the magazine would not print; and another piece about playing with O.J. Simpson's golf buddies who believed Simpson may have hidden the murder weapon in his golf bag. He also profiled Uma Thurman and her father, Buddhist Robert Thurman, for a cover feature in Vanity Fair. During this era, related to these articles, Shoumatoff appeared on the tabloid T.V. shows Inside Edition and E! True Hollywood Story.

In the mid-late 1990s, Shoumatoff believed that many of the places that he had been writing about since the 1970s had been changed drastically by the West's appetite for goods and he strengthened his focus on the environment and an interest in creating a written record of these places and/or cultures and species. In 1997, his book Legends of the American Desert: Sojourns in the Greater Southwest, (Knopf, 1997) was named a New York Times notable book and was on Time magazine and New York Post's top ten books of 1997. He wrote about global warming and the defeat of the USA's endorsement of the Kyoto Protocol [15] in 1997, and in 2001 started his web site, Dispatches From The Vanishing world with his son Andre. He was also selected as the correspondent from Vanity Fair to profile Al Gore for the 2000 election in a piece, that was never published.

In the last 2000's Shoumatoff recorded his first musical album with his longtime friend Kate McGarrigle, the mother of Rufus Wainwright and Martha Wainwright) that was featured on NPR's weekend edition of All Things Considered during the Pennsylvania primary for the 2008 primary election.

Books[edit]

  • Florida Ramble (1974)
  • The Rivers Amazon (1978)
  • The Capital of Hope (1978)
  • Westchester, Portrait of a County (1979)
  • Russian Blood (1982)
  • The Mountain of Names (1985, 1995)
  • In Southern Light: Trekking through Zaire and the Amazon (1986)
  • African Madness (1988)
  • The World is Burning (1990)
  • Legends of the American Desert: Sojourns in the Greater Southwest (1997)

References[edit]

External links[edit]