Archipenko around 1920
(photograph by Atelier Riess)
|Birth name||Olexandr Porfyrovych Arkhypenko|
May 30, 1887|
Kiev, Ukraine, Russian Empire
|Died||February 25, 1964
New York City, New York U.S.
|Training||Kiev Art School|
|Works||The Boxers, 1914|
|Elected||American Academy of Arts and Letters (1962)|
Alexander Porfyrovych Archipenko (also referred to as Olexandr, Oleksandr, or Aleksandr) (Ukrainian: Олександр Порфирович Архипенко, Romanized: Olexandr Porfyrovych Arkhypenko) (May 30, 1887 – February 25, 1964) was a Ukrainian avant-garde artist, sculptor, and graphic artist.
Alexander Archipenko was born in Kyiv, in present-day Ukraine (at the time a part of the Russian Empire) in 1887, to Porfiry Antonowych Archipenko and Poroskowia Vassylivna Machowa Archipenko; he was the younger brother of Eugene Archipenko.
From 1902 to 1905 he attended the Kyiv Art School (KKHU), after which he continued his education in the arts as the student of S. Svyatoslavsky in 1906, also in Kyiv. In the same year he had an exhibition, together with Alexander Bogomazov, in Kyiv. Later that same year he moved to Moscow where he had a chance to exhibit his work in some group shows.
Archipenko moved to Paris in 1908 and was a resident in the artist's colony La Ruche, among émigré Russian artists: Wladimir Baranoff-Rossine, Sonia Delaunay-Terk and Nathan Altman. After 1910 he had exhibitions at Salon des Indépendants, Salon d'Automne together with Aleksandra Ekster, Kazimir Malevich, Vadym Meller, Sonia Delaunay-Terk alongside Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque, and André Derain.
Four of Archipenko's Cubist sculptures, including Family Life and five of his drawings, appeared in the controversial Armory Show in 1913 in New York City. These works were caricatured in the New York World.
Archipenko moved to Nice in 1914. In 1920 he participated in Twelfth Biennale Internazionale dell'Arte di Venezia in Italy and started his own Art school in Berlin the following year. In 1922 Archipenko participated in the First Russian Art Exhibition in the Gallery van Diemen in Berlin together with Aleksandra Ekster, Kazimir Malevich, Solomon Nikritin, El Lissitzky and others.
In 1923 he emigrated to the United States, and participated in an exhibition of Russian Paintings and Sculpture. He became a US citizen in 1929. In 1933 he exhibited at the Ukrainian pavilion in Chicago as part of the Century of Progress World's Fair. Alexander Archipenko contributed the most to the success of the Ukrainian pavilion. His works occupied one room and were valued at $25,000 dollars.
In 1936 Archipenko participated in an exhibition Cubism and Abstract Art in New York as well as numerous exhibitions in Europe and other places in the U.S. He was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Letters in 1962.
Contribution to art
Archipenko, along with the French-Hungarian sculptor Joseph Csaky, exhibited at the first public manifestations of Cubism in Paris; the Salon des Indépendants and Salon d'Automne, 1910 and 1911, being the first, after Picasso, to employ the Cubist style in three dimensions. Archipenko departed from the neo-classical sculpture of his time, using faceted planes and negative space to create a new way of looking at the human figure, showing a number of views of the subject simultaneously. He is known for introducing sculptural voids, and for his inventive mixing of genres throughout his career: devising 'sculpto-paintings', and later experimenting with materials such as clear acrylic and terra cotta.
Among the public collections holding works by Alexander Archipenko are:
- The Addison Gallery of American Art (Andover, Massachusetts)
- The Art Institute of Chicago
- The Mary and Leigh Block Museum of Art (Northwestern University, Illinois)
- Brigham Young University Museum of Art (Utah)
- Chi-Mei Museum (Taiwan)
- The Denver Art Museum
- The Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco
- The Guggenheim Museum (New York City)
- The Hermitage Museum
- The Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden (Washington D.C.)
- The Honolulu Museum of Art
- Indiana University Art Museum (Bloomington)
- The Los Angeles County Museum of Art
- The Maier Museum of Art (Randolph-Macon Woman's College, Virginia)
- The Milwaukee Art Museum
- The Montgomery Museum of Fine Arts (Alabama)
- The Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
- The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston
- The Museum of Modern Art (New York City)
- The National Museum of Serbia (Belgrade, Serbia)
- The Nasher Sculpture Center (Dallas, Texas)
- The National Gallery of Art (Washington D.C.)
- The National Museums and Galleries of Wales
- The North Carolina Museum of Art
- The Norton Simon Museum (Pasadena, California)
- The Peggy Guggenheim Collection (Venice)
- The Phillips Collection (Washington D.C.)
- The Portland Museum of Art (Maine)
- Salisbury House (Des Moines, Iowa)
- The San Antonio Art League Museum (Texas)
- The San Diego Museum of Art (California)
- The Sheldon Memorial Art Gallery (Lincoln, Nebraska)
- The Smithsonian American Art Museum (Washington D.C.)
- Städel Museum (Frankfurt)
- The Tate Gallery
- The Tel Aviv Museum of Art
- Von der Heydt-Museum (Wuppertal, Germany)
- Walker Art Center (Minnesota)
- The Cleveland Cultural Gardens (Ukrainian Garden) in Rockefeller Park (Ohio)
- Fundación D.O.P. (Caracas)
Archipenko’s statue of King Solomon, at the University of Pennsylvania campus, dominates the walk from 36th and Locust to Walnut. Its creation began in 1964 when, shortly before he died, the artist completed a four–foot sculpture designed for enlargement. His wife oversaw its first casting. In 1968, the 14.5-foot (4.4 m) 1.5–ton statue was produced. In 1985, it was given to the University by Mr and Mrs Jeffrey H. Loria and was installed at its present location. Cubist in form, it has been described as evoking "the feeling of smallness in the face of power that one must have felt standing before King Solomon himself."
Femme à l'Éventail (Woman with a Fan), 1913, Tel Aviv Museum of Art
Pierrot-carrousel, 1913, painted plaster, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York
Danseuse du Médrano (Médrano II), 1914, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York
The Gondolier, 1914 (cast 1966), bronze, Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Gateway Sculptures, 1950, painted steel, University of Missouri–Kansas City.
Bust of Carl von Weinberg, 1961, at entrance to a playground in Frankfurt-Niederrad
Le Rendez-Vous des Quatre Formes, from the portfolio Les Formes Vivantes, 1963, lithograph on paper, Smithsonian American Art Museum.
King Solomon on the University of Pennsylvania campus
The gravesite of Alexander Archipenko in Woodlawn Cemetery, Bronx, NY
- Michaelsen, Katherine J.; Nehama Guralnik (1986). Alexander Archipenko A Centennial Tribute. National Gallery of Art, The Tel Aviv Museum.
- Karshan, Donald H. (editor) (1969). Archipenko, International Visionary. Smithsonian Institution Press.
- Alexander Archipenko, A Memorial Exihibition 1967-1969. UCLA Art Galleries. 1967.
- Азизян И.А. Александр Архипенко //Прогресс-Традиция, 2011, 624 стр.,ISBN 978-5-89826-368-3
- "Finding Aid". Alexander Archipenko papers, 1904–1986, (bulk 1930-1964). Archives of American Art. 2011. Retrieved 17 Jun 2011.
- Donald H. Karshan, Archipenko, Content and Continuity 1908-1963, Kovlan Gallery, Chicago, 1968. p. 40.
- Halich, W. (1937) Ukrainians in the United States, Chicago ISBN 0-405-00552-0
- "Deceased Members". American Academy of Arts and Letters. Archived from the original on 26 July 2011. Retrieved July 30, 2011.
- Picasso, Woman's Head, modeled on Fernande Olivier
- The Archipenko Foundation, Chronology, 1910-1914
- "Campust Gems: King Solomon Statue" by Isaac Kaplan, at 34st.com
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Alexander Archipenko.|
- The Archipenko Foundation
- Alexander Archipenko at the Museum of Modern Art
- Artcyclopedia page with links to images
-  "Refashioning the Figure - The Sketchbooks of Archipenko c.1920", by Marek Bartelik (Henry Moore Institute Essays on Sculpture No. 41) at archipenko.org. Retrieved 26 July 2012.
- Alexander Archipenko at Find a Grave