Alexander Archipenko

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Alexander Archipenko
Alexander Archipenko, ca. 1920, Atelier Riess, photographer. Alexander Archipenko papers, Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution..jpg
Archipenko around 1920
(photograph by Atelier Riess)
Birth name Olexandr Porfyrovych Arkhypenko
Born (1887-05-30)May 30, 1887
Kiev, Ukraine, Russian Empire
Died February 25, 1964(1964-02-25) (aged 76)
New York City, New York U.S.
Field Sculpture
Training Kiev Art School
Movement Cubism
Works The Boxers, 1914
Elected American Academy of Arts and Letters (1962)

Alexander Porfyrovych Archipenko (also referred to as Olexandr, Oleksandr, or Aleksandr) (Ukrainian: Олександр Порфирович Архипенко, Romanized: Olexandr Porfyrovych Arkhypenko) (May 30, 1887 – February 25, 1964) was a Ukrainian avant-garde artist, sculptor, and graphic artist.

Biography[edit]

La Vie Familiale (Family Life), 1912. Exhibited at the 1912 Salon d'Automne, Paris and the 1913 Armory Show in New York, Chicago and Boston. Photograph in La Comedie Artistique (1912) of the original sculpture (approx 6 feet (1.8 m) tall), later accidentally destroyed)

Alexander Archipenko was born in Kiev, in present-day Ukraine (at the time a part of the Russian Empire) in 1887, to Porfiry Antonowych Archipenko and Poroskowia Vassylivna Machowa Archipenko; he was the younger brother of Eugene Archipenko.

From 1902 to 1905 he attended the Kiev Art School (KKHU), after which he continued his education in the arts as the student of S. Svyatoslavsky in 1906, also in Kiev. In the same year he had an exhibition, together with Alexander Bogomazov, in Kiev. Later that same year he moved to Moscow where he had a chance to exhibit his work in some group shows.

Archipenko moved to Paris in 1908[1] and was a resident in the artist's colony La Ruche, among émigré Russian artists: Wladimir Baranoff-Rossine, Sonia Delaunay-Terk and Nathan Altman. After 1910 he had exhibitions at Salon des Indépendants, Salon d'Automne together with Aleksandra Ekster, Kazimir Malevich, Vadym Meller, Sonia Delaunay-Terk alongside Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque, and André Derain.

In 1912 Archipenko had his first personal exhibition at the Museum Folkwang at Hagen in Germany, and from 1912 to 1914 he was teaching at his own Art School in Paris.

Four of Archipenko's Cubist sculptures, including Family Life and five of his drawings, appeared in the controversial Armory Show in 1913 in New York City. These works were caricatured in the New York World.[2]

Archipenko moved to Nice in 1914. In 1920 he participated in Twelfth Biennale Internazionale dell'Arte di Venezia in Italy and started his own Art school in Berlin the following year. In 1922 Archipenko participated in the First Russian Art Exhibition in the Gallery van Diemen in Berlin together with Aleksandra Ekster, Kazimir Malevich, Solomon Nikritin, El Lissitzky and others.

Untitled, 1912, published in Action, Cahiers individualistes de philosophie et d’art, October 1920
Recherche de plastique, 1913. Exhibited at Erster Deutscher Herbstsalon, Berlin, 1913, an exhibition organized by Herwarth Walden (Galerie Der Sturm), including Metzinger, Delaunay, Gleizes, Léger, Marcoussis and Picabia

In 1923 he emigrated to the United States,[1] and participated in an exhibition of Russian Paintings and Sculpture. He became a US citizen in 1929. In 1933 he exhibited at the Ukrainian pavilion in Chicago as part of the Century of Progress World's Fair. Alexander Archipenko contributed the most to the success of the Ukrainian pavilion. His works occupied one room and were valued at $25,000 dollars.[3]

In 1936 Archipenko participated in an exhibition Cubism and Abstract Art in New York as well as numerous exhibitions in Europe and other places in the U.S. He was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Letters in 1962.[4]

Alexander Archipenko died on February 25, 1964, in New York City.[1] He is interred at Woodlawn Cemetery.

Contribution to art[edit]

Archipenko, along with the French-Hungarian sculptor Joseph Csaky, exhibited at the first public manifestations of Cubism in Paris; the Salon des Indépendants and Salon d'Automne, 1910 and 1911, being the first, after Picasso,[5] to employ the Cubist style in three dimensions.[1][6] Archipenko departed from the neo-classical sculpture of his time, using faceted planes and negative space to create a new way of looking at the human figure, showing a number of views of the subject simultaneously. He is known for introducing sculptural voids, and for his inventive mixing of genres throughout his career: devising 'sculpto-paintings', and later experimenting with materials such as clear acrylic and terra cotta.

Public collections[edit]

Statuette, 1916

Among the public collections holding works by Alexander Archipenko are:

Archipenko’s statue of King Solomon, at the University of Pennsylvania campus, dominates the walk from 36th and Locust to Walnut. Its creation began in 1964 when, shortly before he died, the artist completed a four–foot sculpture designed for enlargement. His wife oversaw its first casting. In 1968, the 14.5-foot (4.4 m) 1.5–ton statue was produced. In 1985, it was given to the University by Mr and Mrs Jeffrey H. Loria and was installed at its present location. Cubist in form, it has been described as evoking "the feeling of smallness in the face of power that one must have felt standing before King Solomon himself."[7]

Gallery[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Finding Aid". Alexander Archipenko papers, 1904–1986, (bulk 1930-1964). Archives of American Art. 2011. Retrieved 17 Jun 2011. 
  2. ^ Donald H. Karshan, Archipenko, Content and Continuity 1908-1963, Kovlan Gallery, Chicago, 1968. p. 40.
  3. ^ Halich, W. (1937) Ukrainians in the United States, Chicago ISBN 0-405-00552-0
  4. ^ "Deceased Members". American Academy of Arts and Letters. Archived from the original on 26 July 2011. Retrieved July 30, 2011. 
  5. ^ File:Womans Head Picasso.jpg Picasso, Woman's Head, modeled on Fernande Olivier
  6. ^ The Archipenko Foundation, Chronology, 1910-1914
  7. ^ "Campust Gems: King Solomon Statue" by Isaac Kaplan, at 34st.com

External links[edit]