Alexander Bernardazzi

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Alexander Bernardazzi
Bernardazzi.jpg
Born July 2, 1831
Pyatigorsk
Died August 26 [O.S. August 14] 1907
Fastov
Buildings Chişinău City Hall
St. Teodora de la Sihla Church

Aleksander Osipovich Bernardazzi (Russian: Бернардацци Александр Осипович, alternative spelling: Alexandr Bernardacci, Romanian: Alexandru Bernardazzi) (1831 – August 14, 1907) was a Russian (of Swiss Italian origin) architect best known for his work in Odessa and Chişinău.

His life[edit]

Bernardazzi was born in Pyatigorsk in 1831. The town had been almost completely built by his father, Giuseppe Bernardazzi, and uncle, who were originally Swiss from Pambio. Very early Bernardazzi demonstrated artistic talent and was eventually sent to study in Moscow. His first architectural job was in Chişinău from 1856-1878, where he served as the city architect.[1][2] In 1878 Bernardazzi moved to Odessa and lived there for over thirty years. In 1879 Bernardazzi became the Odessa city architect and in the mid-1880s he was appointed an architect at the Novaya Rossiya University in Odessa. Bernardazzi died August 14, 1907 in Fastiv.[3] He was buried beside his mother in Chişinău.

Major work[edit]

This section is based on the article on Bernardazzi in Encyclopedia of Odessa[3]

In the mid-1880s he designed:

  • The former Odessa railway station, 1879-1883, destroyed by the Nazis in 1944;
  • Disability house (later converted to a factory, "Pischepromavtomatika" (Пищепромавтоматика)), Mechnikova 53 (Мечникова), 1886;
  • The Odessa International Technical Society building, Baranova 1 (Баранова), in 1887.

Bernardazzi designed a large number of residential buildings and mansions:

  • Preobrazhenskaya 15 (Преображенская) (1891);
  • Pastera 34 (Пастера) (1891);
  • Gogolaya 23 (Гоголя);
  • Troitskaya 20 (Троицкая);
  • Kirov 20 (Кирова) (1893);
  • Deribasovskaya 31 (Дерибасовской), tobacco shop (1894);
  • Didrihsona, 7 (Дидрихсона), mansion (1894).

By the 100th Anniversary of Odessa, Odessa city architect Bernardazzi led the work of the Technical Division of the Architectural Society and instructed the design and construction of a number of public buildings. Bernardazzi most memorable designs were in the 1890s:

  • Medical school clinic at Pastera 7 (Пастера);
  • Belinsky 9 hospital (Белинского) (1892);
  • Warehouse building near the railway station (1890s);
  • Reformed Church Pastera 62 (Пастера), Now the Puppet Theatre;
  • Bristol Hotel at Pushkinskaya 15, 1898-1899;
  • The New Stock Exchange, now the Odessa Philharmonic Theater (1894-1899).

Bernardazzi is also responsible for Baranova 18 (Баранова)(1902) and Troitskaya 18 (Троицкая)(1903).

His other work includes:

  • Porto-Franko Bank at Pushkinskaya 10 (Пушкинская)
  • A monument to Alexander II in Alexander Park. The statue was replaced and today only the base remains, used to honor Taras Shevchenko (Alexander Park has been renamed Shevchenko Park).[1][2]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Kononova, G. (1984). Odessa: A Guide. Moscow: Raduga Publishers.  p. 105-106
  2. ^ a b Herlihy, Patricia (1987, 1991). Odessa: A History, 1794–1914. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. ISBN 0-916458-15-6, hardcover; ISBN 0-916458-43-1;p. 268, 269.
  3. ^ a b Alexander Bernardazzi, "People of Odessa: Architects of Odessa" in Encyclopedia of Odessa (Russian)
  4. ^ de:Familie Bernadazzi