Alexander C. Eschweiler

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Alexander C. Eschweiler
Born (1865-08-10)August 10, 1865
Died June 12, 1940(1940-06-12) (aged 74)
Nationality USA
Occupation Architect

Alexander Chadbourne Eschweiler (August 10, 1865 – June 12, 1940) was an American architect, with a practice in Milwaukee, Wisconsin that built both residences and commercial structures. His eye-catching Japonist pagoda design for filling stations for Wadham's Oil and Grease Company of Milwaukee were repeated over a hundred times, though only a very few survive. His substantial turn-of-the-twentieth-century residences for the Milwaukee business elite, in conservative Jacobethan or neo-Georgian idioms, have preserved their cachet in the city.[1]

Eschweiler was born in Boston, Massachusetts. He studied at Marquette University and Cornell University, graduating in 1890. Eschweiler opened his practice in Milwaukee in 1892. In 1923 his sons, Alexander C. Eschweiler Jr., Theodore, and Carl joined him in practice.[2][3]

The Eschweiler Prize is made from a bequest of Alexander C. Eschweiler, Jr., ’15 in memory of his father Alexander C. Eschweiler, Sr., ’90. An annual award of approximately $3,000* is given to a student in architecture with high scholastic achievement who has been accepted in one of the architecture graduate programs at Cornell. *Amount of award may vary from year to year. .[4]

A number of Eschweiler works are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[5]

Eighty-one surviving commissions were noted in the exhibition "Alexander Eschweiler in Milwaukee: Celebrating a Rich Architectural Heritage" Charles Allis Art Museum, 2007.

Village of Chenequa[edit]

Eschweiler was instrumental in the incorporation of the new village of Chenequa, Wisconsin. He was one of a handful of notable residents that testified in court that it was his residence.[6]

Summer Home[edit]

The Eschweilers had a second home on North Lake in the village of Chenequa, Wisconsin[7] He did not design the residence. It was originally a 100-acre parcel he had purchased in the early 1900s, which included a small cottage from the 1870s.[8] It was eventually torn down and the land was subdivided to settle the estate. The property was split into a 2.8-acre parcel and an 8.3-acre parcel, but six of the acres in the larger parcel are along the lake and are placed in a conservation easement that prohibits development.[9]


He is buried next door to Teresa at Calutta at St. Peter - North Lake "so he could overlook his 'masterpiece.'"[10]

Selected works[edit]

A former Wadham's pagoda

Works include (with attribution): (by year)

(Others, alphabetically)


External links[edit]

  • Wisconsin Architectural Archive This website was down as of 5/2010The archive contains many Eschweiler drawings as well as those of other Wisconsin architects.