Alexander Christian Leopold Conze (10 December 1831 – 19 July 1914) was a German archaeologist who specialized in ancient Greek art.
He was a native of Hanover, and studied at the University of Göttingen. In 1863 he became a professor at the University of Halle, and from 1869 to 1877, he served as a professor of archaeology at the University of Vienna. In the 1870s, he performed two archaeological explorations at Samothrace (1873 & 1875).
In 1878 with engineer Carl Humann, he began excavation at Pergamon in Asia Minor, a project that lasted until 1886. With Wilhelm Dörpfeld, he started a second archaeological dig at Pergamon in 1900. At Pergamon, Conze and Humann uncovered one of the greatest archaeological treasures of Hellenistic civilization, the Pergamon Altar, which today is housed at the Pergamon Museum in Berlin.
Conze died in Berlin.
Selected writings 
- Die Bedeutung der klassischen Archäologie (The importance of classical archaeology). Wien 1869
- Zur Geschichte der Anfänge der griechischen Kunst (The history of the beginnings of Greek art). Wien 1870–1873
- Heroen- und Göttergestalten der griechischen Künste (Heroes and "god-figures" in Greek art). Wien 1874.
- Römische Bildwerke einheimischer Fundorte in Österreich (Roman works locally discovered in Austria). Wien 1872–78
- This article is based on a translation of an article from the German Wikipedia.
- Harper's Magazine: (1889-1890), Volume 80 by Harper's Magazine Foundation