Alexander Craighead (1705–1766) was a Scots-Irish American preacher.
He was born in Donegal, Ulster, Ireland around on March 18, 1705, and came to North America with his father, the Reverend Thomas Craighead. He preached at the Middle Octorara Church, along the Susquehanna River in Pennsylvania, during the 1730s, but continued to move south and west to the frontiers of colonial civilization. After a stay in Augusta County, Virginia, at Windy Cove, Craighead moved to Mecklenburg County, North Carolina.
"Another group of pioneers (Ulster Scots) settled nearer the present site of Charlotte and organized the Sugaw Creek Presbyterian Church in 1755, with Rev. Craighead serving as pastor of both the Rocky River church and the Sugaw Creek Presbyterian Church from the time each was organized until [his death in] 1766. Details of his long, eventful, and sometimes turbulent life are recorded in numerous places, notably The Presbyterian Church at Rocky River, by Thomas Hugh Spence, Jr. (1954) and A History of Sugaw Creek Presbyterian Church, by Neill Roderick McCeachy (1954)."
A prolific writer and leader in his faith, Rev. Craighead had numerous published works, including Renewal of the Covenants, National and Solemn League; A Confession of Sins; An Engagement to Duties; and a Testimony; as they were Carried on at Middle Octorara in Pennsylvania, November 11, and The reasons of Mr. Alexander Craighead's receding from the present judicatories of this church..., 1743, both published by Benjamin Franklin.
Considered a promoter of the "Revival" and a participant in the "Great Awakening", Craighead was a vocal critic of King George III and the Church of England. He often preached to his flock to resist threats to their independence, and he held the rights of the common man as sacred as that of kings. He is counted as the spiritual father of the Mecklenburg Declaration of Independence, which was allegedly written nine years after his death.
- Renewal of the Covenants and Testimony at Middle Octorara by Alexander Craighead and Covenanter Societies
- Discourse Concerning the Covenants by Alexander Craighead
- The Reasons of Mr. Alexander Creaghead's receding from the Present Judicatures of this Church, together with its Constitution, etc. 1743
- The Scottish Covenanting Struggle, Alexander Craighead, and the Mecklenburg Declaration
- A short biography of Rev. Alexander Craighead
- A History Of Charlotte and Mecklenburg County
- Sugaw Creek Presbyterian Church