Alexander Doyle

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Doyle's "Confederate Soldier" (1885); in background Doyle's equestrian statue of General Albert Sidney Johnston (1877), Metairie Cemetery, New Orleans.

Alexander Doyle (1857–1922) was an American sculptor.

Doyle was born in Steubenville, Ohio, and spent his youth in Louisville, Kentucky and St. Louis, Missouri before going to Italy to study sculpture in Bergamo, Rome, and Florence.

After returning to the United States he settled in New York City, and became one of the nation's prominent sculptors of the era. There are three statues by Doyle in National Statuary Hall in Washington, D.C.: Thomas Hart Benton, Francis Preston Blair, Jr. and John E. Kenna

Alexander Doyle became a sculptor of marble and bronze monuments of historical figures including Civil War heroes and other prominent persons. He studied in Italy at the National Academies at Carrara, Rome, and Florence and was a member of the Royal Raphael Academy.

His work can be found throughout the United States including Washington DC, Missouri, Alabama, New York, Ohio, Indiana, and Georgia and Mississippi.

In New Orleans where he was active from 1882 to 1883, he did a trio of important sculptures of Confederate Army generals around New Orleans. These are the city’s iconic figure of General Robert E. Lee at Lee Circle, dedicated in February 1884; the massive bronze equestrian of General P. G. T. Beauregard at the entrance to City Park (1915); and the bronze statue of General Albert Sydney Johnston atop the Army of the Tennessee cenotaph in Metairie Cemetery (1887). Some say Doyle's finest work is “Calling the Roll” (1885), a marble of an unknown Confederate soldier also in Metairie Cemetery.

A Doyle marble-depiction statue of Margaret Haughery (a New Orleans woman who devoted her life to the poor) was erected in 1889, the first monument to honor a female philanthropist in the United States.

Partial list of works[edit]

Title Year Location/GPS Coordinates Material Dimensions Notes Image
Washington Artillery Memorial Cenotaph[1] 1880 Metairie Cemetery (New Orleans, Louisiana) Granite Sculpture: approx. H. 8 ft.; Base: approx. 20 × 20 × 20 ft Washington Artillery Monument Mugnier.jpg
Francis Scott Key Grave and Monument[2] 1881 Mount Olivet Cemetery (Frederick City, Maryland) Bronze sculpture on stone base Sculpture: approx. 15 ft. × 80 in. × 80 in.; Base: approx. 10 ft. × 80 in. × 80 in. Francisscottkeymemorialmtolivet.jpg
William Pinkney Funerary Monument[3] c. 1883 Oak Hill Cemetery, (Washington, D.C.) Marble Commissioned by William Wilson Corcoran.
Margaret Haughery Memorial, "The Bread Giver"[4][5] 1884 New Orleans, Louisiana Marble on granite base Sculpture: approx. H. 5 ft.; Base: approx. H. 7 ft Made for the Citizens' Committee of New Orleans. LGDAug07MargaretStatueFlowers.jpg
Robert E. Lee Monument[6] 1884 Lee Circle (New Orleans, Louisiana) Bronze sculpture on granite column Sculpture: approx. H. 16 ft.; Column: approx. 90 ft. LeeCircle30Nov07FromHowardRiverside.jpg
John Howard Payne Funerary Monument[7] Oak Hill Cemetery (Washington, D.C.) Marble Commissioned by William Wilson Corcoran. Gravestone of john howard payne oak hill cemetery.JPG
Benjamin Harvey Hill[8] 1885 Georgia Capitol Museum (Atlanta, Georgia) Marble 161 × 53 × 53 in "Portrait of Benjamin Harvey Hill standing with his right hand resting on a podium and his left hand pulling back the side of his overcoat, and resting on his left hip."[9]
Calling the Role[10][11] 1886 Metairie Cemetery (New Orleans, Louisiana) Marble Sculpture: approx. 6 × 3 × 3 ft.; Base: approx. 3 × 3 × 3 ft. Adjacent to the mausoleum set up by Association Army of Tennessee, Louisiana Division, C.S.A with Doyle's Equestrian Statue of General Albert Sidney Johnston. The sculpture was a gift of Charles T. Howard. The sculpture depicts a Confederate soldier calling role; the soldier's face was carved based on the photography of New Orleans Confederate Soldier William Brunet. MetCemConfederateDoyleA.jpg
General Philip Schuyler, Saratoga Battle Monument[12] 1886 Saratoga National Historical Park (Victory, New York) Bronze approximately 7 feet Image of sculpture
General James B. Steedman Monument[13] 1887 Riverside Park (Toledo, Ohio) Bronze sculpture on a Vermont marble base on a second concrete base. Figure: approx. H. 10 ft. × W. 3 ft.; Base: approx. 20 × 9 × 9 ft.; Concrete base: approx. H. 4 ft. × Diam. 35 ft. (2,200 lbs.). Image of sculpture[14]
General Albert Sidney Johnston Equestrian Statue[15][16] 1887 Metairie Cemetery (New Orleans, Louisiana) Bronze on granite base Sculpture: approx. 10 × 3 × 8 ft.; Base: approx. 30 in. × 3 ft. × 8 ft. Erected by the Association Army of Tennessee, Louisiana Division, C.S.A. Louisiana's General P.G.T. Beauregard is entombed there. MetCemConfederateSteed.jpg
Volunteer Firemen's Monument[17] 1887 Greenwood Cemetery (New Orleans, Louisiana) White Carrara marble sculpture on Hallowell Maine granite base Sculpture: approx. 6 × 2 × 2 ft.; Base: approx. 46 × 18 × 18 ft. GreenwoodFiremanNov07FrontRtDist.jpg
National Monument to the Forefathers[18] 1889 Plymouth, Massachusetts Marble on granite base with marble reliefs Sculpture: approx. H. 36 ft. (180 tons); Base: approx. H. 45 ft Commissioned by the Pilgrim Society. Monument to the Forefathers 1.jpg
James A. Garfield Memorial[19] 1890 Lakeview Cemetery (Cleveland, Ohio) Sculpture: Carrara marble on granite base 12 feet James A Garfield Monument.jpg
Horace Greeley Monument[20] 1890 Greeley Square (New York, New York) Bronze sculpture on Quincy granite base Sculpture: H. 7 ft.; Pedestal: H. 8 ft. Horace Greeley Statue.jpg
William Jasper Monument[21] 1890 Savannah, Georgia Bronze sculpture and plaques on granite base 15 feet 6 inches William Jasper memorial.JPG
Bison Fountain[22] 1891 Iowa State Capitol (Des Moines, Iowa) Bronze and granite sculpture on granite tile base Image of sculpture
Henry W. Grady Memorial[23] 1892 Henry Grady Square (Atlanta, Georgia) Bronze sculpture on Georgia granite or Georgia marble base HenryGrady.jpg
Thomas H. Benton[24] 1895–1897 National Statuary Hall, United States Capitol (Washington, D.C.) Marble H. 7 ft. 7 in. Gift of the State of Missouri. Benton NSHC.jpg
Francis P. Blair, Jr.[25] 1895–1897 National Statuary Hall, United States Capitol (Washington, D.C.) Marble H. 7 ft. 6 in. Francis Preston Blair Jr.jpg
John E. Kenna[26] 1897–1901 National Statuary Hall, United States Capitol (Washington, D.C.) Marble H. 7 ft. 9 in. Kenna.jpg
Alabama Confederate Monument[27] 1898 Alabama State Capitol (Montgomery, Alabama) Russellville limestone, granite, and bronze sculpture on Russellville limestone base Sculpture: approx. 80 × 35 × 35 ft.; Base: approx. 512 × 40 × 40 ft. Confederate Memorial at Alabama State Capitol Apr2009.jpg
Iowa State Capitol Relief[28] 1898 Iowa State Capitol (Des Moines, Iowa) Bronze sculpture on granite base Sculpture: approx. 5 ft. 4 in. × 6 ft. 5 in. × 6 in.; Base: approx. 9 ft. × 26 ft. × 30 ft. 2 in. "A uniformed nineteenth century-era soldier stands at the center of the relief, holding a flagpole in his bent proper right arm and a rifle in his proper right hand. An eagle overhead bears a banner in its mouth on which is written the State motto. The decorative scrolling includes corn and wheat stalks."[29]
Richard W. Thompson Bust[30] 1902 Vigo County Courthouse (Terre Haute, Indiana) Bronze sculpture on Indiana limestone base Sculpture: approx. 212 ft. × 36 in. × 20 in.; Base: approx. 7 ft. × 5514 in × 4414 in. Image of sculpture
General P. G. T. Beauregard Equestrian statue[31] 1915 City Park (New Orleans, Louisiana) Bronze sculpture on Stone Mountain granite base 20 feet NewOrleans200212 2173.jpg
General Charles G. Halpine portrait[32] Bronze sculpture on granite pedestal Commissioned by the Grand Army of the Republic, Dahlgren Post, New York.
James L. Ridgely sculpture[33] Bronze Commissioned by the Sovereign Grand Lodge, Independent Order of Odd Fellows, Baltimore, Maryland.
Aretas Blood mausoleum[34] Valley Cemetery, Manchester, New Hampshire Granite Image of mausoleum
Cross for Charles W. Gould tomb[35] Green-Wood Cemetery, Brooklyn, New York Marble
Austin Flint bas-relief portrait[36] Bellevue Hospital Center, New York, New York Bronze

References[edit]

  1. ^ Save Outdoor Sculptures! (1993). "The Washington Artillery (sculpture)". SOS!. Smithsonian. Retrieved 5 December 2010. 
  2. ^ Save Outdoor Sculptures! (1994). "Francis Scott Key Grave and Monument (sculpture)". SOS!. Smithsonian. Retrieved 5 December 2010. 
  3. ^ Hutton, Orlando (1890). Life of the Right Reverend William Pinkney, D.D., LL.D., Fifth Bishop of Maryland. Washington, D.C.: Gibson Bros. pp. 350–352. 
  4. ^ Campanella, Marina and Richard (1999). New Orleans Then and Now. Gernta, LA: Pelican Publishing. pp. 323–327. 
  5. ^ Save Outdoor Sculptures! (1993). "Margaret Gaffney Haughery (sculpture)". SOS!. Smithsonian. Retrieved 5 December 2010. 
  6. ^ Save Outdoor Sculptures! (1993). "Robert E. Lee (sculpture)". SOS!. Smithsonian. Retrieved 5 December 2010. 
  7. ^ Doyle, Joseph Beatty (1911). In Memoriam, Edwin McMasters Stanton: His Life and Work. Steubenville, OH: Herald Printing Co. p. 388. 
  8. ^ Save Outdoor Sculptures!. "Benjamin Harvey Hill (sculpture)". SOS!. Smithsonian. Retrieved 5 December 2010. 
  9. ^ Save Outdoor Sculptures!. "Benjamin Harvey Hill (sculpture)". SOS!. Smithsonian. Retrieved 5 December 2010. 
  10. ^ Wilson, Samuel (1974, 2002). New Orleans Architecture. Vol. III: The Cemeteries. Gernta, LA: Pelican Publishing. p. 54. 
  11. ^ Save Outdoor Sculptures! (1993). "Louisiana Confederate Soldier (sculpture)". SOS!. Smithsonian. Retrieved 5 December 2010. 
  12. ^ Save Outdoor Sculptures! (1992). "Saratoga Battle Monument: General Philip Schuyler (sculpture)". SOS!. Smithsonian. Retrieved 5 December 2010. 
  13. ^ Save Outdoor Sculptures! (1993). "General James B. Steedman (sculpture)". SOS!. Smithsonian. Retrieved 5 December 2010. 
  14. ^ Toledo-Lucas Public Library Images in Time. "Images in Time". Retrieved 6 December 2010. 
  15. ^ Wilson, Samuel (1974, 2002). New Orleans Architecture. Vol. III: The Cemeteries. Gernta, LA: Pelican Publishing. p. 54. 
  16. ^ Save Outdoor Sculptures! (1993). "Army of Tennessee - Louisiana Division (sculpture)". SOS!. Smithsonian. Retrieved 5 December 2010. 
  17. ^ Save Outdoor Sculptures! (1993). "Volunteer Firemen's Monument (sculpture)". SOS!. Smithsonian. Retrieved 5 December 2010. 
  18. ^ Save Outdoor Sculptures! (1994). "National Monument to the Forefathers (sculpture)". SOS!. Smithsonian. Retrieved 5 December 2010. 
  19. ^ Save Outdoor Sculptures!. "James A. Garfield Monument: Garfield (sculpture)". SOS!. Smithsonian. Retrieved 5 December 2010. 
  20. ^ Save Outdoor Sculptures!. "Greeley Monument (sculpture)". SOS!. Smithsonian. Retrieved 5 December 2010. 
  21. ^ Save Outdoor Sculptures! (1994). "Jasper Monument (sculpture)". SOS!. Smithsonian. Retrieved 5 December 2010. 
  22. ^ Save Outdoor Sculptures! (1995). "(Bison Fountain) (sculpture)". SOS!. Smithsonian. Retrieved 5 December 2010. 
  23. ^ Save Outdoor Sculptures! (1992). "Henry W. Grady (sculpture)". SOS!. Smithsonian. Retrieved 5 December 2010. 
  24. ^ Save Outdoor Sculptures!. "Thomas H. Benton (sculpture)". SOS!. Smithsonian. Retrieved 5 December 2010. 
  25. ^ Save Outdoor Sculptures!. "Francis P. Blair, Jr. (sculpture)". SOS!. Smithsonian. Retrieved 5 December 2010. 
  26. ^ Save Outdoor Sculptures!. "John E. Kenna (sculpture)". SOS!. Smithsonian. Retrieved 5 December 2010. 
  27. ^ Save Outdoor Sculptures! (1992). "The Confederate Monument (sculpture)". SOS!. Smithsonian. Retrieved 5 December 2010. 
  28. ^ Save Outdoor Sculptures! (1996). "(Iowa State Capitol Relief) (sculpture)". SOS!. Smithsonian. Retrieved 5 December 2010. 
  29. ^ Save Outdoor Sculptures! (1996). "(Iowa State Capitol Relief) (sculpture)". SOS!. Smithsonian. Retrieved 5 December 2010. 
  30. ^ Save Outdoor Sculptures! (1993). "Bust of Richard W. Thompson (sculpture)". SOS!. Smithsonian. Retrieved 6 December 2010. 
  31. ^ Save Outdoor Sculptures! (1993). "General G. T. Beauregard (sculpture)". SOS!. Smithsonian. Retrieved 5 December 2010. 
  32. ^ Doyle, Joseph Beatty (1911). In Memoriam, Edwin McMasters Stanton: His Life and Work. Steubenville, OH: Herald Printing Co. p. 388. 
  33. ^ Doyle, Joseph Beatty (1911). In Memoriam, Edwin McMasters Stanton: His Life and Work. Steubenville, OH: Herald Printing Co. p. 388. 
  34. ^ Doyle, Joseph Beatty (1911). In Memoriam, Edwin McMasters Stanton: His Life and Work. Steubenville, OH: Herald Printing Co. p. 388. 
  35. ^ Doyle, Joseph Beatty (1911). In Memoriam, Edwin McMasters Stanton: His Life and Work. Steubenville, OH: Herald Printing Co. p. 388. 
  36. ^ Doyle, Joseph Beatty (1911). In Memoriam, Edwin McMasters Stanton: His Life and Work. Steubenville, OH: Herald Printing Co. p. 388. 

External links[edit]