Alexander Evreinov

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Alexander Evreinov (born March 8, 1877, Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation - died August 20, 1959, Rome, Italy ) was a Russian bishop, converted to Catholicism from Russian Orthodoxy. Being a citizen with a noble origin in Saint Petersburg, Evreinov was a member of the Foreign Affairs department of the Russian nation before his conversion to the Catholic faith and ordination to the priesthood. His consecration as a Catholic bishop of the Byzantine tradition was only formal, because Evreinov did not have any jurisdiction among Russian Catholics neither inside Russia nor abroad. Evreinov was a member of the Russian Apostolate.

Biography[edit]

He was born into a noble family in Saint Petersburg. His father, Nicholas Evreinov was a social and political activist, and was also a landowner. Alexander Evreinov served in the diplomatic department, and was secretary of the Russian embassy in Constantinople from 1900 to 1906, and then in Rome from 1906 to 1909.

Conversion to Catholicism[edit]

In 1905, he moved to Catholicism in Constantinople. In 1909, he retired and went to study at the seminary in 1913 in the Greek Collegium of Saint Athanasius in Rome. Evreinov ordained a priest in 1916, and in 1921 he began to work in the Apostolic Nunciature in Paris.

Pastor in Paris and the Russian emigration[edit]

In 1925, Father Alexander Evreinov served firstly in Paris the Catholic liturgy according to the Russian liturgical tradition, in the crypt of the Church of Mary Magdalene, which marked the beginning of a Russian Catholic parish dedicated to the Holy Trinity. In this community, consisting of representatives of the Russian emigration were also associated priests Vladimir Abrikosov and Dmitriy Kuz'min-Karavaev. Among the congregation were famous people: the writer Nadezhda Lappo-Danilevsky, Baron Mikhail Taube, director D. Aristov, Colonel Michael A. Yudin-Belsky, Zoya Kamlyuhina and others.

In 1927, the parish acquired its own premises. Consecrator of the church was Bishop Peter Buchis, MIC. In 1928 Evreinov was elevated to the rank of Archimandrite. In 1930 Evreinov founded and begins to edit the journal "Blagovest". In 1932, at the initiative of the parish there Evreinov founded the Brotherhood of Saint Nicholas the Wonderworker, in Paris, which every third Sunday of the month suit reading the reports, and to do special prayers and Fellowship of Prayer for the Church communion, which continued the tradition of Moscow's joint Orthodox-Catholic spiritual meetings on the subject of church unity, pledged thanks to the initiative of the Patriarch of All Russia Tikhon Belavin and Exarch of Russian Catholics of Byzantine Rite Archpriest Leonid Fyodorov. The participants of these ecumenical meetings in Paris commissioned a special icon of Saint Sergius and Saint Teresa of the Child Jesus, chosen patrons of these conversations. On March 17, 1933 in a Saint-Sulpice church in Paris, Archimandrite Evreinov concelebrated with a priest professor at the Catholic Institute of Paris George Tsebrikovym, assisted in the service of the liturgy by Bishop Nicholas Czarnecki.

In 1934, the parish church in Paris was equipped with a new building at 39 Francoise Gerard Street, where it is to this day. After Evreinov, the rector of the church was a Frenchman, Dominican Christopher Dumont.

Bishop[edit]

On December 6, 1936, Evreinov became a bishop with the title Pariiskii and he would continue to work in responsible positions in the Vatican. On the occasion of celebrations in 1938 of the 950th anniversary of the Baptism of Russia for the first time in Saint Peter's Basilica on May 21 Evreinov serve the liturgy together with the clergy of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church, Father Josyf Slipyj, rector of the Theological Academy in Lviv and abbot Studite Clement Sheptytsky, the future Second Russian Exarch of the Catholics of the Byzantine rite. There were other Catholic priests present, as Cyril King and Victor Novikov, the future Russian Deputy Exarch, then Catholic Exarch of Siberia and the secret bishop. Evreinov ordained many in the Russian apostolate, such as: Andrei Katkov, Cyril Kozina, Henri Petitjean, Andrew Sterpin, Fedor Romzha and others.

During World War II, Evreinov headed the Pontifical Committee for Aid to Prisoners of War, then from 1947 to 1959, he led the department of the foreign press at the State Secretariat of the Vatican. In Rome, Evreinov also continued his contacts with the Russian emigration, as the first and second wave, which helped the writer Boris Nikolaevich Shiryaev, poet Vyacheslav Ivanov, Leonid Brailovsky and his wife Rimma.

On June 5, 1952 the archbishop consecrated a new altar, donated by Slovak Catholics of the America and Canada, in the Roman Basilica of Saint Clement. Archbishop Evreinov lived in Rome at the Pontifical Russian Collegium " Russicum ". Evreinov died on August 20, 1959 in Rome and was buried in the Greek Catholic monastery in Grottaferrata.

Biblipgraphy[edit]

  • Kolupaev VE mental and socio-cultural picture of the life of Russian Catholics in Paris in the XX century. / / Yearbook of historical and anthropological research. Moscow: Publishing House "Economy-Inform", 2010. pp. 64 – 73.
  • Kolupaev VE writer Boris Shiryaev / / Library. № 12 (174), 2012.

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