Alexander (Alik) Ilyich Ginzburg (Russian: Алекса́ндр Ильи́ч Ги́нзбург, IPA: [ɐlʲɪˈksandr ɪlʲˈjit͡ɕ ˈɡʲinzbʊrk] ( ); 21 November 1936, Moscow – 19 July 2002, Paris), was a Russian journalist, poet, human rights activist and dissident.
During the Soviet period, Ginzburg edited the samizdat poetry almanac Sintaksis. Between 1961 and 1969 he was sentenced three times to labor camps. In 1979, Ginzburg was released and expelled to the United States, along with four other political prisoners (Eduard Kuznetsov, Mark Dymshits, Valentin Moroz, and Georgy Vins) and their families, as part of a prisoner exchange.
Throughout his career, Ginzburg advocated nonviolent resistance. He believed in exposing human rights abuses by the Soviet Union and pressuring the government to follow its own laws. He made an effort to smuggle his writings abroad in order to increase external pressure on the Soviets.
- Alexander Ginsburg. Obituary, The Daily Telegraph, 22 July 2002
- Alexander Ginzburg and the Resistance to Totalitarian Evil, Then and Now, a 2002 interview with Eduard Kuznetsov, Vladimir Bukovsky and Yuri Yarim-Agaev
- The White Book
- The Trial of the Four
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