|Competitor for the Soviet Union|
|Summer Olympic Games|
|1964 Tokyo||National Team|
|1968 Mexico City||National Team|
|1988 Seoul||National Team|
|FIBA World Cup|
|1963 Rio de Janeiro||National Team|
|1967 Montevideo||National Team|
|1978 Philippines||National Team|
|1982 Colombia||National Team|
Alexander Yakovlevich Gomelsky (Russian: Гомельский, Александр Яковлевич; January 18, 1928 in Kronstadt, Soviet Union – August 16, 2005 in Moscow, Russia) was a Soviet and Russian basketball coach of Jewish origin.
Gomelsky began his coaching career in 1948, in Leningrad, with LGS Spartak. In 1953, he became the coach of ASK Riga, an army club, leading the team to five Soviet Union league titles, and three consecutive European Champions Cups (Euroleague), from 1958 to 1960.
In 1969, he was appointed the head coach of CSKA Moscow, where he coached until 1980, leading the club to 9 Soviet Union national league championships (1970–1974, 1976–1979), 2 Soviet union national cups (1972–1973), and one European Champions Cup (Euroleague) title in 1971. He also led the club to two more European Champions Cup (Euroleague) finals, in 1970, and 1973.
Soviet Union national team
Gomelsky coached the Soviet Union national team for almost 30 years, leading them to 6 FIBA European Championship titles (1963, 1965, 1967, 1969, 1979, and 1981), 2 FIBA World Cup titles (1967, and 1982), and the Summer Olympic Games gold medal in 1988.
He was the Soviet national team head coach in 1972, and was expected to coach the team at the 1972 Summer Olympic games, but the KGB confiscated his passport, fearing that, since Gomelsky was Jewish, that he would defect to Israel. The Soviet team, with Vladimir Kondrashin as their coach, won their first Olympic gold medal that year, in a controversial game against the United States national basketball team.
Post coaching career
In his later years, Gomelsky was the president of CSKA Moscow. In 1995, he was inducted into the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame. In 2007, he was enshrined into the FIBA Hall of Fame. The Euroleague's annual Coach of the Year Award is named after him, and so is CSKA Universal Sports Hall. In 2008, he was named one of the 50 Greatest Euroleague Contributors.
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