Alexander Pedler, CIE (1849–1918) was a British civil servant and chemist.
He was professor of chemistry in Presidency College, then affiliated with the University of Calcutta where his lectures in the FA course first attracted Prafulla Chandra Ray to study chemistry. He later became principal of Presidency College four times from 1887, 1887-1889, again in 1889 and from 1896-1897. In 1901 he was Director of Public Instruction in Bengal, and was appointed a Companion of the Order of the Indian Empire (CIE) in November 1901.
Later he was also became vice chancellor of the University of Calcutta from 1904 to 1906. The Alexander Pedler Lecture, is given annually under the auspices of the British Association in memorial of his name.
He died while attending a Committee meeting at the Ministry of Munitions on Monday, May 13, 1918.
- "Prafulla Chandra – A Tribute to the Master". Animesh Chakravorty, Sreebrata Goswami, Samaresh Bhattacharya.
- The London Gazette: . 9 November 1901.
- Lecture, Alexander Pedler. "Alexander Pedler Lecture delivered by Prof. Allan Ferguson". Nature 145, 508-508 (30 March 1940) | doi:10.1038/145508d0.
- Pedler, F.R.S, Sir Alexander. "Death of Sir Alexander Pedler, F.R.S". Nature 101, 227-228 (23 May 1918) | doi:10.1038/101227b0.
- Painting of Alexander Pedler
- By Alexander Pedler, F.I.C. - RSC Publishing
- Roy M. MacLeod, ‘Pedler, Sir Alexander (1849–1918)’