Alexander Dyukov (historian)

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Aleksandr Reshideovich Dyukov
Алекса́ндр Решиде́ович Дю́ков
Born (1978-10-17)October 17, 1978
Moscow, USSR
Occupation Historian, Author
Nationality Russian
Genres Non-fiction, history
Subjects Russian history of the 20th century

Aleksandr Reshideovich Dyukov (Russian: Алекса́ндр Решиде́ович Дю́ков), (born October 17, 1978) is a Russian historian, writer, journalist and blogger.[1] Dyukov lacks an academic degree and is considered a revisionist historian by Estonian press, and is persona non grata in Latvia and other Schengen memberstates.

He is General Director of the Moscow-based Historical Memory Foundation (Russian: Фонд "Историческая память").[2]

Career[edit]

Aleksandr Dyukov graduated from the Russian State University for the Humanities[3] in 2004. The topic of his dissertation was the Soviet partisan movement in 1941–1943. From 2004 to 2007, Dyukov worked for the ARMS-TASS Agency of Military and Technical Information. He contributed as issuing editor of the weekly Military and Technical Cooperation, later promoted to its editor-in-chief. He has published numerous articles in the newspapers Izvestia, Komsomolskaya Pravda, REGNUM News Agency[4] and elsewhere focusing on Soviet history in the 20th century.[citation needed] After publishing two of Dyukov's books, REGNUM has since ceased cooperation with him following a conflict over Dyukov's statements in the Russian and Estonian media that his Historical Memory Foundation was primarily responsible for these publications.[5]

Dyukov has been featured as an expert historical commentator on Novosti's Russia Today cable channel and on their web site.[6]

Dyukov is a member of the working group set up by the Russian State Duma preparing a draft for a law on combating the rehabilitation of Nazism.[7]

Controversy[edit]

Book cover of The Great War Slandered - 2: Nothing for Us to Repent! containing two essays by Dyukov: "Mercy to the Fallen: Soviet Repression of Nazi Collaborators" and "The Estonian Myth of «Soviet Occupation»"

One of Dyukov's spheres of interest is the history of Soviet repression, mostly in the Baltic states[8] and Ukraine.

While Dyukov employs open archives such as from the State Archive of the Russian Federation (GARF) and the Russian State Archive of Contemporary History (RGANI), he also cites the archives of the FSB,[9] to which access by researchers is limited.[10] It is these FSB archives which Dyukov uses, for example, to claim in his recent book, The Genocide Myth, that Estonia's recollection of Soviet repressions including deportations is exaggerated. In regard to the June 1941 deportations, that took place before German invasion of June 22, 1941, Dyukov contends that deported Estonians were mostly German collaborators or were linked to them.[11]

In a 2007 interview with Russia's REGNUM News Agency Dyukov claimed that some Estonian historians were repeating false claims by the Nazi propaganda and said: Another example of unfair approach Estonian official historians is that in describing the deportation of 14 June 1941, they always mention that the deportees were transported in stock cars, with each car stuffed to 40-50 people, including women, children and the elderly. Therefore, they say, this deportation caused massive mortality. However, if we turn to the NKVD documents, a fair amount of which has already been published, one finds that, firstly, the transportation of deportees was carried out in passenger cars "equipped for summer human traffic." Secondly, each railroad car carried not 40-50, but about 30 deportees. Third, according to railroad documents, mass death was impossible. It can't be ruled out that during this deportation, not a single person died. Estonian historians, by the way, somehow forget that in every echelon of deportees there was an ambulance railroad car, which was accompanied by a doctor, paramedic and two nurses. [12] In reaction to Dyukov's book, the newspaper Eesti Ekspress in Estonia denounced him as a revisionist historian who paints a picture of Soviet political repressions as "little worse than a family picnic".[13]

Irina Pavlova, a historian of the Soviet system under Lenin and Stalin,[14][15] has commented that Dyukov promotes "a new prison guard's concept of Soviet history" based on his "blind faith in the documents provided by the FSB archives".[16]

A. Dykov's name has found mentioning in Estonia's Security Police (Kapo) 2008 yearbook, according to which Mr Dykov, although lacking both academic degree and any remarkable works as historian, has been granted exclusive access to FSB (former USSR's KGB) archive. The yearbook claimed that Mr Dykov's activities are approved by Russia's FSB.[17]

As of March 2012 A. Dykov has been prevented from entering Latvia by the Latvian Government, who cited concerns that A. Dykov's activities are harming the Latvian state and its citizens. According to spokesperson of Latvian Foreign Affairs Ministry Mr Dykov has laso been blacklisted in Schengen memberstates visa database.[18]

Published works[edit]

Books[edit]

Articles and papers[edit]

  • Работа по линии "Д": Довоенная подготовка партизанской войны в СССР // Старинов И.Г. Супердиверсант Сталина: Мины ждут своего часа. М.: Эксмо; Яуза, 2004. С. 330–357.
  • Управление партизанскими силами: Ведомственные структуры по организации и управлению партизанским движением (June 1941 – лето 1942 гг.) // Старинов И.Г. Заместитель по диверсиям. М.: Эксмо; Яуза, 2005. С. 298–356.
  • Истребительная политика нацистов на оккупированной советской территории: Направления исследования // Великая Отечественная война 1941–1945 гг.: Опыт изучения и преподавания: Межвузовская научная конференция. М.: РГГУ, 2005. С. 316–325.
  • Милость к падшим: Советские репрессии против нацистских пособников // Великая оболганная война—2: Нам не за что каяться! М.: Эксмо; Яуза, 2008. С. 98–142.
  • Эстонский миф о «советской оккупации» // Великая оболганная война—2: Нам не за что каяться! М.: Эксмо; Яуза, 2008. С. 266–303.
  • Еврейский вопрос для ОУН-УПА ("The Jewish Problem for OUN-UPA") // Еженедельник "2000" (Киев), 08.02.2008.
  • Партизаны и диверсанты: Предвоенная подготовка партизанской войны в СССР ("Partisans and Saboteurs: Pre-war Preparations for Guerrilla Warfare in the USSR") // Неправда Виктора Суворова - 2. М.: Эксмо; Яуза, 2008. С. 305–344.
  • Ликбез для эстонских историков ("Liquidating Illiteracy for Estonian Historians") // ИА REGNUM, 31.03.2008.
  • Советские репрессии в Эстонии: мифы и реальность (июнь 1940 – начало июня 1941 гг.) ("Soviet Repressions in Estonia: Myths and Reality (June 1940 – Beginning June 1941)) // Звенья. Серия "Международные отношения". 2008. № 1. С. 73–99.
  • Советские репрессии против прибалтийских коллаборационистов Гитлера: Новые документы ("Soviet Repressions Against Hitler's Baltic Collaborators: New Documents") // Русский сборник: Исследования по истории России. Т. V. М.: Модест Колеров, 2008. С. 241–251.
  • «Die Aktion Kaminskiy»: Локотское «самоуправление» и создание бригады РОНА // Мифы Великой Отечественной. М,: Эксмо; Яуза, 2008. С. 147–193.
  • «Польский вопрос» в планах ОУН(Б): От насильственной ассимиляции к этническим чисткам // Забытый геноцид. "Волынская резня" 1943–1944 годов: Документы и исследования. М.: Алексей Яковлев, 2008. С. 63–89.

References[edit]

  1. ^ (Russian) "Александр Дюков". Scepsis Magazine. Archived from the original on 25 April 2009. Retrieved 2009-04-17. 
  2. ^ "О фонде "Историческая память"" (in Russian). Archived from the original on 26 April 2009. Retrieved 15 April 2009. 
  3. ^ Дюков, Александр. "User profile". A. Dyukov's blog "Актуальная история" (in Russian). LiveJournal. Retrieved 15 April 2009. 
  4. ^ (Russian) "Александр Дюков: Ликбез для эстонских историков". Regnum. 31 March 2008. Retrieved 2009-04-17. 
  5. ^ "ИА REGNUM: Фонд "Историческая память" не участвовал в издании книги "Второстепенный враг. ОУН, УПА и решение "еврейского вопроса""" (in Russian). REGNUM News Agency. 30 October 2008. Retrieved 15 April 2009. 
  6. ^ For example, in a website news story: "Latvian documentary causes controversy". Russia Today. 9 April 2008. Retrieved 15 April 2009.  As a commentator on the current events programme "Spotlight": "Estonia: Genocide that never was". Russia Today. 28 May 2008. Retrieved 15 April 2009. 
  7. ^ Argo Ideon (22 April 2009). "Loodav Vene natsiseadus ähvardab naabreid". Postimees (in estonian). Archived from the original on 25 April 2009. Retrieved 2009-04-29. Lay summary. 
  8. ^ Кузницы исторических мифов (Русский Проект. June 2007)
  9. ^ e.g., Миф о геноциде; "Милость к падшим", passim.
  10. ^ Khlevniuk, Oleg (2003). "Review of Jansen and Petrov, Stalin's Loyal Executioner". Kritika: Explorations in Russian and Eurasian History 4 (3): 763. Retrieved 19 June 2008. "The FSB Archive (along with, for example, the Presidential Archive) can be categorized as a "partially open" Russian archive. Access to its documents has typically been irregular and arbitrary, often dependent on politics, personal ties, joint projects with other archives, etc." 
  11. ^ "If only Baltic nationalists had not cooperated with German special services and had not prepared for acts of sabotage, there would have been no need for the deportation. It was the activity of nationalists and of Nazi agents that provoked the deportations—and Estonian historians prefer to keep silent about it." Translated from Estonian rendering in Eesti Ekspress; cf. Russian original: "Если бы прибалтийские националисты не сотрудничали с германскими спецслужбами и не готовили диверсионные выступления, в депортации не было бы никакой необходимости. Именно деятельность националистов и нацистской агентуры вызвала депортацию – и именно об этом эстонские историки предпочитают умалчивать."[1]
  12. ^ "Эксперт: Эстонские историки повторяют измышления нацистской пропаганды" (in Russian). REGNUM. 26 March 2007. Archived from the original on 26 June 2008. Retrieved 22 July 2008. 
  13. ^ Reported in: "Deportations were like a family picnic - claim". The Baltic Times. 15 November 2007. Retrieved 15 April 2009. 
  14. ^ Tucker, Robert C. (1999). "Introduction". Stalinism: Essays in Historical Interpretation. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers. p. xii. ISBN 0-7658-0483-2. OCLC 39189838. Retrieved 15 April 2009. 
  15. ^ Павлова, Ирина (15 August 2006). "Миг свободы" (in Russian). grani.ru. Retrieved 17 April 2009. 
  16. ^ Павлова, Ирина (17 March 2009). "Кризисные направляющие" (in Russian). grani.ru. Archived from the original on 15 April 2009. Retrieved 15 April 2009. "И умудренные опытом специалисты, поддерживающие председателя недавно созданного фонда "Историческая память" Александра Дюкова. Этот молодой человек с завидным задором продвигает в жизнь новую вертухайскую концепцию советской истории, основанную на слепой вере в предоставленные ему документы из архива ФСБ." 
  17. ^ KAPO AASTARAAMAT 2008
  18. ^ Российских историков Дюкова и Симиндея внесли в "черный список"

External links[edit]