Alexander Russell (naturalist)
Shortly after he sailed to Aleppo in 1740, he was appointed physician to the English factory there. Russell became the chief medical practitioner in Aleppo, having gained the confidence of the local Pasha. In 1754 he returned to England and two years later he published his Natural History of Aleppo, with a diary of the progress of the plague in 1742-44.
In 1759 he was elected to fill a vacancy at St Thomas' Hospital in London. He remained in that role until his death on 25 November 1768.
His written works include:
- Testamen Medicum et Medicastrorum audacitate. Edin. 1709, 8vo.
- The Natural History of Aleppo and parts adjacent, containing a Description of the City, and the principal Natural Productions in its neighbourhood; together with an Account of the Climate, Inhabitants, and Diseases, particularly the Plague; with the methods used by the Europeans for their preservation. Lond. 1756, 4to. 2d edition revised, enlarged, and illustrated with Notes, by his brother, Patrick Russell, M.D. Lond. 1794, 2 vols. 4to. This valuable history has been translated into different European languages.
- Of a remarkable Marine Production. Phil. Trans. 1762, Abr. xi. 635. Vorticella Ovifera Lin.
- Letter describing the Scammony Plant. Med. Obs. And Inq. i. p. 12, 1755.
- Account of two Paralytic Cases. Ib. p. 296.
- Cases of Lues Venerea cured by a solution of Corrosive Sublimate. Ib. ii. p. 88.
- Of several Hydatids discharged with the Urine. Ib. iii. p. 146. 1767.
- Experiments made with the Decoction of Mezereon in Venereal Nodes. Ib. p. 189.
- Case of almost universal Emphysema. Ib. p. 397.
- An Essay on his Character. Lond. 1770, 4to.
|Wikisource has the text of the 1885–1900 Dictionary of National Biography's article about Russell, Alexander.|