Alexander Spendiaryan (Armenian: Ալեքսանդր Սպենդիարյան, Russian: Александр Афанасьевич Спендиаров, November 1,Kakhovka, Ukraine (then in USSR) 1871 –May 7, 1928 ) was an Armenian music composer, conductor, founder of Armenian national symphonic music and one of the patriarchs of Armenian classical music. His compositions include the opera Almast and the Yerevan Etudes among others. He studied with the Russian composer Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, who greatly admired his music and encouraged him to turn deeper into his people's folklore.
On December 10, 1924, Spendiarian, newly arrived in Yerevan from Russia, conducted an 18-member orchestra consisting of conservatory professors and students. This inaugural concert proved that Armenia had the potential to sustain a symphony orchestra. The following year, on March 20, 1925, Professor Arshak Adamian, Rector of the Yerevan Conservatory, led the first concert of the then newly founded symphony orchestra. At the time, Spendiarian accurately predicted "There will come a time, when our yet modest student orchestra will proudly bear the honorary title of the Armenian State Orchestra."
Spendiaryan died in Yerevan in 1928.
In 1967, the Alexander Spendiarian House Museum was established in the house where the composer lived during the last years of his life. The museum has recreated the genuine atmosphere of the composer's study and presents the composer's personal belongings, numerous documents and other belongings.
Romances and songs 
- Your Black Eyes Fascinated Me (P. Kozlov), 1888–1889
- No Question For Many A Day (V. Soloviov), 1892
- You Are the Bright Sun - The Sun of My Soul (anon.), serenade, 1892
- Song of the Drowned Woman (A. Podolinsky), 1895
- I Don't Know Why (L. May), 1895
- The Same Night (A. Borovikovsky), 1895
- Oh, Rose of My Youth (anon.), date unknown
- And Profound is Their Love (Lermontov, Heine), opus 1, No 1, 1895
- I Have Dreamed of your Love (Natson), opus 1, No. 2, 1898
- Ah, Rose (A. Tsaturian), opus 1, No. 3, 1894
- "Almast". Libretto by Sophia Parnok based on Hovhannes Tumanyan's "The Siege of Tmbka Castle" poem. 1918-1928. Transl. into Armenian by P. Mikaelian
- "Three Palms", for symphony orchestra.
- Vals, 1892–93;
- Menuet, 1895;
- Crimean esquizes, 1903, 1912;
- The Diviner, for piano four hands, Ed. and annotated by Haig Avakian, Cairo, Dream Press, 2000.
- Deux Berceuses for piano (Op. 3)
The Armenian Opera Theater named after A. Spendiaryan
See also 
- Ararat - Page 55 by Armenian General Benevolent Union
- APO Marks 80 Years of Symphonic Excellence in Armenia
- The memorial museum of Alexander Spendiaryan
- Free scores by Alexander Spendiaryan at the International Music Score Library Project