Alexander Stewart (archbishop of St Andrews)

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Alexander Stewart (c. 1493 – 9 September 1513) was an illegitimate son of King James IV of Scotland by his mistress Marion Boyd. He was the King's eldest illegitimate child. He was an elder brother of Catherine Stewart his only full sibling, a half brother to James Stewart, Margaret Stewart and Janet Stewart the other royal illegitimate children of James IV and his mistresses. He was an older half-brother of James V.

Mother[edit]

His mother was Marion Boyd daughter of Angus Boyd who was Archibald Douglas, 5th Earl of Angus’s brother in - law through his second wife. Angus’s influence over the young King may have been how Marion and James IV met and eventually had two children, Alexander born around 1493 and Catherine born around 1494. His sister married James Douglas, 3rd Earl of Morton.

Church Life[edit]

From a young age Alexander was groomed for a life in the church. At the age of four his father received a dispensation from illegitimacy by Julius II enabling him to join the church. By September 1502 he was archdeacon, when his uncle James, Duke of Ross died in 1504 his father the King nominated him as the new Archbishop of St Andrews. Alexander was still only a boy at age 11 which would mean his father could still receive the revenues of St Andrews since Alexander was under age until he turned 27.

Education and Erasmus[edit]

He received a superb education firstly from James Watson, later Dean of the Arts faculty at St Andrews, and latterly from Patrick Paniter whom he seemed to have been close to. In 1507 Alexander Stewart was sent to France on the royal ship the Treasurer. His education continued with lengthy journeys to the Low Countries, and Italy in 1507. In Padua he studied rhetoric and Greek under Erasmus who wrote a moving obituary after young Alexander’s death at the battle of Flodden Field.[1] Erasmus mentioned their time at Siena where after studies in the morning Alexander would play the monochord, recorder or lute in the afternoon.[2] Alexander returned to Scotland in 1510 and at the age of 17 became Lord Chancellor of Scotland.

Later life[edit]

Alexander was reportedly severely myopic, possibly from extensive study in poor conditions. In 1511 he co-founded St Leonard's College in St Andrews, whose chapel still stands (minus its original tower). A gateway with his coat of arms above the arch survives in St Andrews. He was killed along with his father at the Battle of Flodden Field.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hay, Denys, Letters of James IV, HMSO (1954), 252, 8 Dec. 1533: Mynors, RAB., ed., Collected Works of Erasmus, Adages, vol. 3, Toronto, (1991), 240-243, Adage 2.5.1 Spartam nactus es, trans. English
  2. ^ Shire, Helena M., Stewart Style 1513-1542, Tuckwell, (1996), 126-7, quoting Phillips, M. M., The Adages of Erasmus, Cambridge (1964), 305-307.

Norman Macdougall James the Fourth

Religious titles
Preceded by
James Stewart
Archbishop of St. Andrews
1504–1513
Succeeded by
Andrew Forman
Political offices
Preceded by
Vacant
(James Stewart to 1504)
Lord Chancellor of Scotland
1510–1513
Succeeded by
James Beaton
Academic offices
Preceded by
James Stewart, Duke of Ross
Archbishop of St Andrews
Chancellor of the University of St Andrews
1504–1513
Succeeded by
Andrew Forman
Archbishop of St Andrews