Alexander de Stavenby

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Alexander de Stavenby
Bishop of Coventry and Lichfield
Diocese Diocese of Coventry and Lichfield
Appointed c. 13 April 1224
Term ended 26 December 1238
Predecessor William de Cornhill
Successor William de Raley
Orders
Consecration 14 April 1224
Personal details
Died 26 December 1238
Andover, Hampshire
Buried Lichfield Cathedral
Denomination Catholic

Alexander de Stavenby (or Alexander of Stainsby; died 26 December 1238) was a medieval Bishop of Coventry and Lichfield.

Alexander was probably a native of Stainsby, Lincolnshire and had two brothers, William and Gilbert, who held land there. He may have studied under Stephen Langton, later Archbishop of Canterbury, as Langton was from a village less than 10 miles away.[1] Alexander taught theology at Toulouse before his elevation to the episcopate.[2] He may have been a teacher of Dominic, the founder of the Dominican Order, at Toulouse.[3] He also taught at Bologna and was named a chamber clerk for Pope Honorius III.[1] Alexander was nominated as bishop about 13 April 1224, and consecrated on 14 April 1224.[4]

While bishop, Alexander urged the people in his diocese to receive communion three times a year.[5] He also issued rules to prohibit his clergy from entering a tavern.[6] He wrote a set of statutes for his diocese, which survive, along with other works. Only two of the other works survive, one on confession and another on the seven deadly sins.[1] While he was bishop, both Coventry and Lichfield were named as the seats of the see,[4] with the election of a new bishop taking place by the chapters of Coventry or Lichfield in rotation.[1]

Alexander served King Henry III of England as a diplomat, undertaking many missions to Rome and France on behalf of the king. He also negotiated with envoys for the Emperor Frederick II at Antwerp and spent time in Wales trying to renew truces. In 1234 the bishop was accused of supporting Richard Marshall's rebellion, but he cleared his name before the court. Alexander was opposed to the administration Peter des Roches and at one point excommunicated those whom he called the "king's true enemies", which many took to include Roches.[1]

Alexander died on 26 December 1238[4] at Andover, Hampshire, and was buried in Lichfield Cathedral. A chantry was established in his memory near the altar to Saint Chad.[1]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Vincent "Stainsby , Alexander of (d. 1238)" Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
  2. ^ Moorman Church Life in England in the Thirteenth Century p. 163
  3. ^ Moorman Church Life in England in the Thirteenth Century p. 368
  4. ^ a b c Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology p. 253
  5. ^ Moorman Church Life in England in the Thirteenth Century p. 71
  6. ^ Moorman Church Life in England in the Thirteenth Century p. 233

References[edit]

Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
William de Cornhill
Bishop of Coventry and Lichfield
1224–1238
Succeeded by
William de Raley