|Ring name(s)||Alexandra York
|Billed height||5 ft 0 in (1.52 m)|
|Billed weight||100 lb (45 kg)|
October 5, 1966 |
Live Oak, Florida
|Billed from||Palatka, Florida|
Terri Lynne Boatright Runnels (born October 5, 1966) is a former World Championship Wrestling and World Wrestling Federation professional wrestling manager, television host and occasional wrestler. Runnels began her professional wrestling career in World Championship Wrestling as Miss Alexandra York, manager of the York Foundation. She later joined the World Wrestling Federation (WWF), where she worked for eight years. She was also one of the first WWE Divas.
In the early years of her career with the WWF, she managed her (then) real-life husband Dustin Runnels (known on-screen as Goldust) and was a member of the Pretty Mean Sisters alliance. She also managed both The Hardy Boyz and Edge and Christian following the Terri Invitational Tournament in 1999. Subsequently, she had an on-screen rivalry with The Kat, managed The Radicalz stable, and worked as a host and interviewer. During her time with the WWF, she briefly held the WWE Hardcore Championship, her only championship during her career. After leaving the wrestling business, Runnels became involved in philanthropic work.
- 1 Professional wrestling career
- 2 Post-wrestling
- 3 Personal life
- 4 In wrestling
- 5 Championships and accomplishments
- 6 Footnotes
- 7 Further reading
- 8 External links
Professional wrestling career
World Championship Wrestling
Runnels was originally a make-up artist for CNN from 1985 to 1991, where she worked on Larry King's make-up. On the weekends, she did makeup for the wrestlers of Jim Crockett Promotions. When the company was purchased by Ted Turner in 1988 and renamed World Championship Wrestling, she moved to Atlanta, Georgia and continued doing make-up for some of the wrestlers. Booker Ole Anderson eventually asked her to become part of the roster as a manager. Runnels debuted in 1990 as Alexandra York, a laptop-carrying accountant who led an alliance known as the York Foundation, a group of wrestlers with finance-themed gimmicks. The York character was created over a lunch with Tony Schiavone, one of WCW's announcers. She worked at WCW for two years.
World Wrestling Federation / Entertainment
Managing Goldust; Pretty Mean Sisters (1996–1999)
Runnels debuted in the World Wrestling Federation at the Royal Rumble in 1996 as Marlena, a character modeled after Marlene Dietrich. She debuted as a coolly unconcerned and indifferent manager. With her cigar-smoking, seductively nonchalant gimmick, she acted as a manager of her real-life husband Dustin, who was wrestling under the gimmick of Goldust. The cigar smoking aspect of the character came about because Runnels enjoyed smoking them in real life. The risque characters helped bring about The Attitude Era of the late-1990s and the Diva division. During a feud between Goldust and Triple H over the Intercontinental Championship, on February 16, 1997 at In Your House 13: Final Four, Marlena was choked by Chyna, who debuted as a plant from a ringside seat and later became the bodyguard for Triple H. Later, Brian Pillman feuded with Goldust over Marlena. As part of the angle, Pillman won Marlena in a match and sent Goldust a picture of her handcuffed in a bed. Pillman, however, died in the middle of the storyline. Originally, the plan was to have the rivalry culminate in an on-air wedding where Marlena would leave Goldust for Pillman. After the Marlena-Goldust alliance dissolved, Goldust revealed Luna Vachon as his new manager.
Runnels later re-emerged in 1998 as the on-screen girlfriend of Val Venis. When Runnels claimed to be pregnant with Venis's baby, he dumped her. She later joined forces with Jacqueline Moore, who had just ended her alliance with Marc Mero, to form the Pretty Mean Sisters (P.M.S.). They later formed an alliance with D'Lo Brown and Mark Henry, accompanying them to the ring for a match against Venis and The Godfather in December at Rock Bottom: In Your House. In January, Runnels claimed to have suffered a miscarriage after she was knocked off the ring apron by Brown. Weeks later, Brown discovered that Runnels had never been pregnant. P.M.S. gained a "love slave" named Meat in May, whom Runnels controlled using sex. As a part of the storyline, P.M.S. used Meat for his body, forcing him to have sex with them. The alliance, however, broke up by July, when Jacqueline Moore became frustrated with Runnels' infatuation with Meat.
Terri Invitational Tournament; feud with The Kat (1999–2000)
In late 1999, Runnels arranged the Terri Invitational Tournament, a best-of-five series, between Edge and Christian and The Hardy Boyz, with the winner receiving her managerial services and the sum of $100,000. The Hardy Boyz won the tournament, which culminated in a Ladder match at No Mercy (with the prize money suspended above the ring in a bag). Runnels spent the next few months as their manager until she was injured when Bubba Ray Dudley powerbombed her through a table. She returned on February 27 at No Way Out and cost the Hardy Boyz a match. She then became the manager of Edge and Christian, and the storyline originally called for her to come between the duo, resulting in them becoming singles wrestlers with Runnels managing Christian. The storyline, however, was rewritten, and on an episode of SmackDown!, Edge and Christian—who would now continue wrestling as a tag team—revealed they no longer wanted Runnels's services. She, therefore, slapped Edge, who responded by spearing her.
Runnels then began a rivalry with The Kat, and at WrestleMania 2000, Runnels (accompanied by The Fabulous Moolah) defeated The Kat (with Mae Young) in a catfight. Val Venis was the Special Guest Referee, but was distracted when Young kissed him in response to Venis making out with both Runnels and The Kat. This distraction allowed Moolah to pull The Kat out of the ring, and when Venis saw her out of the ring, he declared Runnels the winner. Post-match, The Kat attacked Runnels by stripping her black body suit off to expose her nude colored thong. The rivalry continued in an arm wrestling match at Insurrextion. They later participated in a "Stink Face match" at SummerSlam, which The Kat won by first performing the move on Runnels.
Managing The Radicalz, host and departure (2001–2004)
Runnels later became the onscreen girlfriend and manager of Perry Saturn, who was a member of The Radicalz alliance. She accompanied Saturn to the ring at Fully Loaded in July 2000, where Saturn defeated Eddie Guerrero for the European Championship. Saturn, Runnels, and Radicalz member Dean Malenko also had a series of matches with Team Xtreme (The Hardy Boyz and Lita). The on-screen partnership lasted until Saturn, who had hit his head during a match, opted to continue seeing "Moppy" (a mop he believed was alive) instead of Runnels. As a result, she then became the manager of Raven, a member of The Alliance, who stole Saturn's mop and fed it into a woodchipper.
In late-2001, Terri replaced Trish Stratus as the host of the WWE recap program Excess. She briefly feuded with Stratus, resulting in a wet T-shirt contest between the two on Raw. During this time, she also became the backstage interviewer on Raw and began to wrestle occasionally. On May 27, 2002, she briefly held the perpetually contested Hardcore Championship when she pinned a dazed Stevie Richards, though he immediately pinned her to regain the title. After eight years with the company, in March 2004, Runnels requested and was granted her release from WWE prior to a massive firing spree. After leaving the company, Runnels spent time traveling the world.
After leaving the wrestling business, she began working with various charities, including the Make-a-Wish Foundation, Big Brothers Big Sisters of America, Boys & Girls Clubs of America, Children's Miracle Network, Hermie & Elliott Sadler Foundation and Fit Kids Marathon. In 2008, she began a contest, "Make the World Write", where the contestants wrote about how they would make the world a better place.
She dated Brian Pillman in 1990 while they were both in WCW. In 1993, she married Dustin Runnels, whom she met while they were both working for WCW, taking his last name as her own. They have a daughter, Dakota, who was born in 1994. Dustin Runnels' strained relationship with his father Dusty Rhodes caused problems in their marriage, and Terri alleges that Dusty spread rumors about her that included infidelity and gold-digging. The couple divorced in 1999 after six years of marriage. Years after the divorce, they were able to have a "better relationship".
She was briefly married again in 2002 to a life coach, whom she met when her mother convinced her to hire him. They dated for two weeks before he proposed; they were married six months later, and the marriage ended two months after that. At the wedding, Ray Traylor (also known as the Big Bossman), her friend and traveling partner, gave her away. In 2003 she began a relationship with Tyree Clowe, a US soldier 15 years her junior. The couple remained together for over 5 years.
Terri began dating former professional wrestler New Jack in 2009. Jack professed his love for her in an interview with host Fat Man After Dark on the Future Endeavors wrestling radio show and described some of the pitfalls, even today, of a mixed race relationship. As of July 2011 the couple is no longer together.
In August 2011, A Florida judge ordered Jack to stop selling nude photographs of Runnels. Runnels filed suit accusing Jack of making libelous comments about her and requested that a court ban him from distributing sexually explicit photographs of her. Jack said that he took the photos, that they belonged to him and he should be free to pass them on to whoever he pleases. A judge in Sanford, Fla., temporarily banned Jack from distributing photographs of Runnels ahead of a hearing.
During her tenure in the WWF, Runnels appeared on the show The Weakest Link in 2002 as part of a charity show where all the contestants were WWF personalities. On the show, she played for the Ronald McDonald House charity, which houses parents of hospitalized children for reduced or no cost. Runnels was the fourth contestant voted out of the game.
- Wrestlers managed
Championships and accomplishments
- World Wrestling Federation/Entertainment
- Varsallone, Jim (2008-09-24). "Terri overcame assault, robbery to star in WCW, WWE". The Miami Herald. A transcript of the article can be found at 
- Mooneyham, Mike (November 30, 2008). "Wrestling diva a woman for all seasons". The Post and Courier. Retrieved 2008-12-25.
- Dean Johnson, Steven (November 16, 2008). "Terri Runnels reveals brain, not body, in shoot DVD". SLAM! Wrestling. Retrieved 2008-12-26.
- Milner, John M. and Richard Kamchen (June 4, 2006). "Goldust bio". SLAM! Wrestling. Retrieved 2008-12-26.
- Laurer, Joanie (2001). If They Only Knew. ReaganBooks. pp. 259, 269. ISBN 0-06-109895-7.
- Oppliger, Patrice A. (2004). Wrestling and Hypermasculinity. McFarland. p. 103. ISBN 0-7864-1692-0.
- Eck, Kevin (July 9, 2008). "Q&A with Terri Runnels". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 2009-01-05.
- "PMS's profile". Online World of Wrestling. Retrieved 2008-08-29.
- Powell, John (December 14, 1998). "Foley screwed again". SLAM! Wrestling. Retrieved 2009-01-05.
- "Terri Runnels' profile". Online World of Wrestling. Retrieved 2009-01-03.
- Reynolds, R. D. and Randy Baer (2003). WrestleCrap: The Very Worst of Pro Wrestling. ECW Press. p. 222. ISBN 1-55022-584-7.
- Oppliger, Patrice A. (2004). Wrestling and Hypermasculinity. McFarland. p. 101. ISBN 0-7864-1692-0.
- Varsallone, Jim (December 2001). "Flying to the top". Wrestling Digest. Archived from the original on December 29, 2008. Retrieved 2008-12-22.
- Peterson Kaelberer, Angie (2003). The Hardy Boyz: Pro Wrestlers Matt and Jeff Hardy. Capstone Press. pp. 23–24. ISBN 0-7368-2142-2.
- Powell, John (February 28, 2000). "No Way Out for Cactus Jack? Triple H ends Foley's career?". SLAM! Wrestling. Retrieved 2009-01-05.
- Copeland, Adam (2004). Adam Copeland on Edge. World Wrestling Entertainment. p. 146. ISBN 0-7434-8347-2.
- "Kat vs. Terri at WrestleMania 2000". World Wrestling Entertainment. Retrieved 2007-05-09.
- Jerry Lawler (2002). It's Good to Be the King...Sometimes. WWE Books. p. 339. ISBN 978-0-7434-5768-2.
- "SummerSlam 2000 results". World Wrestling Entertainment. Retrieved 2007-05-09.
- John Powell (August 28, 2000). "Stunts highlight SummerSlam". SLAM! Wrestling. Retrieved 2008-07-13.
- Milner, John M. (May 31, 2005). "Raven's bio". SLAM! Wrestling. Retrieved 2009-01-05.
- Powell, John (July 24, 2005). "A bloody good PPV; WWF stars bleed for the company at Fully Loaded". SLAM! Wrestling. Retrieved 2009-01-05.
- Dumas, Amy (2004). Lita: A Less Traveled R.O.A.D.--The Reality of Amy Dumas. Simon and Schuster. pp. 221–223. ISBN 0-7434-7399-X.
- "Perry Saturn's profile". Online World of Wrestling. Retrieved 2009-01-05.
- McAvennie, Michael (2003). "WWE The Yearbook: 2003 Edition". Pocket Books. pp. 18–20.
- McAvennie, Michael (2003). "WWE The Yearbook: 2003 Edition". Pocket Books. p. 156.
- "Over The Limit - Review / Results & New Jack". Blogtalkradio.com. 2011-05-23. Retrieved 2011-05-27.
- "Former WWE Diva Terri Runnels Steamed Over Vicious Allergations". hackd.org. 2011-07-13. Retrieved 2011-07-15.
- "Ex-wrestling couple fighting over photos". hackd.org. 2011-08-17. Retrieved 2011-08-17.
- "Terri Runnels' profile". Lethal Women of Wrestling. Retrieved 2009-01-03.
- Powell, John (July 24, 2000). "A bloody good PPV; WWF stars bleed for the company at Fully Loaded". SLAM! Wrestling. Retrieved 2009-01-03.
- "Title History: Hardcore Championship". World Wrestling Entertainment. Retrieved 2008-12-26.
- "WWF Slammy Awards (1997)". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved 2008-02-22.
- Leroux, Yves (November 7, 2001). "Terri still having a blast". SLAM! Wrestling.
- Official Website
- Online World of Wrestling profile
- WrestlingEpicenter.com Audio Interviews with Terri Runnels
- Terri Runnels at the Internet Movie Database
- Terri Runnels on Myspace
- Terri Runnels on Twitter