Alexandra of Yugoslavia
|Alexandra of Yugoslavia|
|Queen Alexandra with her son, Crown Prince Alexander II.|
|Tenure||20 March 1944 – 29 November 1945|
|Spouse||Peter II of Yugoslavia|
|Alexander, Crown Prince of Yugoslavia|
|House||Glücksburg (by birth)
Karađorđević (by marriage)
|Father||Alexander of Greece|
25 March 1921|
|Died||30 January 1993
East Sussex, England
|Burial||Royal Cemetery, Tatoi Palace, Greece (in May 2013 moved to Belgrade, Serbia, before burial in Oplenac, Serbia on 26 May 2013)|
|Monarchical styles of
Queen Alexandra of Yugoslavia
|Reference style||Her Majesty|
|Spoken style||Your Majesty|
Queen Alexandra of Yugoslavia (Greek: Αλεξάνδρα της Ελλάδος και της Δανίας, Alexandra tis Ellados kai tis Danias, Serbian: Александра Карађорђевић, Aleksandra Karađorđević;) (25 March 1921 – 30 January 1993) was the wife of the last King of Yugoslavia, Peter II and mother of Alexander, Crown Prince of Yugoslavia. She was previously known as Princess Alexandra of Greece and Denmark.
Birth and inheritance
She was born five months after the death of her father, King Alexander of Greece, to his morganatic widow, Aspasia Manos. His father, King Constantine I, was restored to the Greek throne a month after Alexander's death and returned to Greece from exile. His government officially treated the brief reign of his late son as a regency, which meant that Alexander's marriage, contracted without his father's permission, was technically illegal, the marriage void, and the couple's posthumous daughter, Alexandra, illegitimate.
At the behest of Alexander's mother, Queen Sophia, a law was passed in July 1922 which allowed the King to recognize the validity of marriages of members of the Royal family contracted without the Royal assent, even retroactively, although on a non-dynastic basis. King Constantine then issued a decree, gazetted on 10 September 1922, recognizing Alexander's marriage to Aspasia. Thus Alexandra became legitimate in the eyes of Greek law, but continued to be shunned and lacked the right of succession to the throne that dynastic princesses enjoyed under the monarchist constitution. As a result, instead of a first Greek queen regnant, she eventually became Yugoslavia's last queen consort.
Hence, she and her mother were accorded the title "Princess of Greece and Denmark" and the style of Royal Highness. This title was borne by non-reigning members of the Greek Royal Family, who also happened to be members of a cadet branch of the reigning dynasty of Denmark.
In 1944, she moved to London, married Peter II of Yugoslavia and gave birth to Alexander, Crown Prince of Yugoslavia on 17 July 1945 in Suite 212 of Claridge's Hotel in Brook Street, London. The British Government ceded sovereignty over the suite to Yugoslavia just for one day, so that the prince would be born in "Yugoslav territory".
Queen Alexandra was transferred to Serbia in May 2013 for reburial in the crypt of the http://www.oplenac.rs/wpeng/#sthash.vDq8SzC1.dpbs Royal Mausoleum at Oplenac]. The reburial of HM King Peter II and HM Queen Maria of Yugoslavia also took place at the same time, on 26 May 2013.
Notable published works
- For a king's love: the intimate recollections of Queen Alexandra of Yugoslavia. Publisher: Oldhams Press. City: London. Year: 1956.
- Dame Grand Cross of the Order of Saints Olga and Sophia.
- Dame Grand Cross of the Order of the Star of Karađorđe.
As daughter of Aspasia and granddaughter of Petros Manos and Maria Argyropoulos, she was the only scion of the Royal Family of Greece to be of recent Greek descent. Through her mother she descended from, among others, Phanariote Greeks from Constantinople. Like most European royal families, the Glücksburg dynasty, to which her husband belonged, was of predominantly German extraction.
- Marlene Eilers König, Descendants of Queen Victoria.
- Diesbach, Ghislain de (1967). Secrets of the Gotha. translated from the French by Margaret Crosland. London: Chapman & Hall. p. 225.
- Valynseele, Joseph (1967). Les Prétendants aux trônes d'Europe (in French). Paris. p. 442.
- Montgomery-Massingberd, Hugh, ed. (1973-03-06). Burke's Guide to the Royal Family. London: Burke's Peerage. ISBN 978-0-220-66222-6.
- The Telegraph
- Royal Family
Alexandra of Yugoslavia
Cadet branch of the House of OldenburgBorn: 25 March 1921 Died: 30 January 1993
Title last held byMaria of Yugoslavia
|Queen consort of Yugoslavia
20 March 1944 – 29 November 1945
|Titles in pretence|
|Loss of title
||— TITULAR —
Queen consort of Yugoslavia
29 November 1945 – 3 November 1970
Title next held byPrincess Maria da Gloria of Orléans-Braganza