Alexandre Cabanel

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Alexandre Cabanel
Self Portrait (Alexandre Cabanel).jpg
Self-portrait (1852)
Born (1823-09-28)28 September 1823
Montpellier, France
Died 23 January 1889(1889-01-23) (aged 65)
Paris, France
Nationality French
Education François-Édouard Picot
Known for Painting
Notable work(s) Birth of Venus
Movement Academicism
Awards Prix de Rome
Alexandre Cabanel, ca.1865

Alexandre Cabanel (French: [kabanɛl]; 28 September 1823 – 23 January 1889) was a French painter born in Montpellier, Hérault. He painted historical, classical and religious subjects in the academic style. He was also well known as a portrait painter. According to Diccionario Enciclopedico Salvat, Cabanel is the best representative of the L'art pompier and Napoleon III's preferred painter.[1]

He entered the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris at the age of seventeen. Cabanel studied with François-Édouard Picot. He exhibited at the Paris Salon for the first time in 1844, and won the Prix de Rome scholarship in 1845 at the age of twenty two.[2] Cabanel was elected a member of the Institute in 1863. He was appointed professor at the École des Beaux-Arts in 1864 and taught there until his death.[3]

Cabanel won the Grande Médaille d'Honneur at the Salons of 1865, 1867, and 1878.

He was closely connected to the Paris Salon: "He was elected regularly to the Salon jury and his pupils could be counted by the hundred at the Salons. Through them, Cabanel did more than any other artist of his generation to form the character of belle époque French painting".[4] His refusal together with William-Adolphe Bouguereau to allow the impressionist painter Édouard Manet and many other painters to exhibit their work in the Salon of 1863 led to the establishment of the Salon des Refusés by the French government.

A successful academic painter, his 1863 painting The Birth of Venus is one of the best known examples of 19th-century academic painting. The picture was bought by the emperor Napoleon III; there is also a smaller replica (painted in 1875 for a banker, John Wolf) at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City. It was given to them by Wolf in 1893.

Pupils[edit]

His pupils included:

Selected works[edit]

The Birth of Venus (1863)

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Diccionario Enciclopedico Salvat, 1982, Barcelona
  2. ^ Facos, Michelle (2011). An Introduction to Nineteenth Century Art. New York: Routledge. p. 282. 
  3. ^ van Hook, Bailey (1996). Angels of Art: Women and Art in American Society, 1876-1914. University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University Press. p. 28. 
  4. ^ Dictionary of Art (1996) vol. 5, pp. 341–344
  5. ^ Mary Leiter (1887), Derbyshire, England, Kedleston Hall; National Trust for Places of Historic Interest, U. K."?". 

External links[edit]