Guiraud was born in Limoux, Aude, the son of a rich cloth merchant. He studied at the École de droit de Toulouse where he created a "Gymnase littéraire". He made frequent trips to Paris where the success of his poetry opened the doors to the Académie française to which he was elected against Alphonse de Lamartine in 1826. He was named by Baron Charles X in 1827 in reward for his contribution to the opera Pharamond. He was the author of many elegiac poems as well as tragedies and novels. He died in Paris.