Coordinates: The first of many Alexandrias in the far east of the Macedonian Empire, Alexandria in Ariana was a city in what is now present-day Afghanistan, one of the twenty-plus cities founded or renamed by Alexander the Great. The third largest Afghan city, Herat, is the city's modern name.
The location of this town is difficult to determine due to the sparsity of ancient sources. However:
- Ptolemey places it near lake Arius possibly on the west side of lake Zerra at a town called Corra.
- Pliny says  it was on the Arias River the location of modern Herat.
- Eratosthenes states that Alexandria Arion is 3870 Stadia from Bactra and 6400 Stadia from the Caspian Gates.
- Mannert takes the Arius River to be the modern Hari river making the site the village of Pilki.
- Jona Lendering (2007-12-16). "Alexander the Great: his towns". Livius.org. Retrieved 2014-02-13.
- "The Empire and Expeditions of Alexander the Great". World Digital Library. 1833. Retrieved 2013-07-26.
- Pliny vi 61 93
- Strabo, xi 8,9 and 10.
- Ptolemey, Geography vi 17
- Pliny History Nat vi 23
- Strabo xi c 8
- Penny Cyclopaedia of the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge, Volume 1 By Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (Great Britain) p.317
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