Alexandros Mavrokordatos

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His Excellency
Alexandros Mavrokordatos
Αλέξανδρος Μαυροκορδάτος
Mavrokordatos1.jpg
Alexander Mavrocordatos (1791-1865) Athens, Benaki Museum.
President of the Executive
In office
January 13, 1822 – May 10, 1823
Succeeded by Petros Mavromichalis
Prime Minister of Greece
In office
October 24, 1833 – June 12, 1834
Monarch Otto
Preceded by Spyridon Trikoupis
Succeeded by Ioannis Kolettis
In office
July 6, 1841 – August 22, 1841
Monarch Otto
Preceded by Otto
Succeeded by Otto
In office
April 11, 1844 – August 18, 1844
Monarch Otto
Preceded by Konstantinos Kanaris
Succeeded by Ioannis Kolettis
In office
July 29, 1854 – October 11, 1855
Monarch Otto
Preceded by Konstantinos Kanaris
Succeeded by Dimitrios Voulgaris
Personal details
Born (1791-02-11)February 11, 1791
Constantinople, Ottoman Empire (now İstanbul, Turkey)
Died August 18, 1865(1865-08-18) (aged 74)
Aegina, Greece
Political party English Party
Spouse(s) Katerina Bals
Religion Greek Orthodox

Alexandros Mavrokordatos (Greek: Αλέξανδρος Μαυροκορδάτος; February 11, 1791 – August 18, 1865) was a Greek statesman and member of the Mavrocordatos family of Phanariotes.

In 1812, he went to the court of his uncle Jean Georges Caradja, Hospodar of Wallachia, with whom he passed into exile in Austria and Italy (1818), where he studied at the University of Padua. He was a member of the Filiki Eteria and was among the Phanariot Greeks who hastened to the Morea on the outbreak of the War of Independence in 1821. He was active in endeavouring to establish a regular government, and in January, 1822 he was elected by the First National Assembly at Epidaurus as the "President of the Executive".

Alexandros Mavrokordatos by Peter von Hess.

He commanded the advance of the Greeks into western Central Greece the same year, and suffered a serious defeat at Peta on July 16, but retrieved this disaster somewhat by his successful resistance to the First Siege of Missolonghi (Nov. 1822 to Jan. 1823). His English sympathies brought him, in the subsequent strife of factions, into opposition to the "Russian" party headed by Demetrius Ypsilanti and Kolokotronis; and though he held the portfolio of foreign affairs for a short while under the presidency of Petrobey (Petros Mavromichalis), he was compelled to withdraw from affairs until February 1825, when he again became a Secretary of State. The landing of Ibrahim Pasha followed, and Mavrocordatos again joined the army, barely escaping capture in the disaster at Sphacteria, on May 9, 1825, by swimming to Navarino.

After the fall of Missolonghi (April 22, 1826) he went into retirement, until President John Capodistria made him a member of the committee for the administration of war material, a position he resigned in 1828. After Kapodistria's murder (October 9, 1831) and the resignation of his brother and successor, Augustinos Kapodistrias (April 13, 1832), Mavrocordatos became Minister of Finance. He was Vice-President of the National Assembly at Argos (July, 1832), and was appointed by King Otto as his Minister of Finance, and in 1833 Premier.

From 1834 onwards, he was Greek envoy at Munich, Berlin, London and, after a short interlude again as Premier of Greece in 1841, he was appointed envoy to Constantinople. In 1843, after the September 3rd uprising, he returned to Athens as Minister without portfolio in the Metaxas cabinet, and from April to August 1844 was head of the government formed after the fall of the Russian party. Going into opposition, he distinguished himself by his violent attacks on the Kolettis government. In 1854-1855 he was again head of the government for a few months. He died in Aegina on 18 August 1865.

See also[edit]

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Alexander Mavrocordatos
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nicholas Mavrocordatos
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Constantine Mavrocordatos
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Alexandros Mavrokordatos
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

References[edit]

  • E. Legrand, Généalogie des Mavrocordato (Paris, 1886).
Political offices
Preceded by
-
President of the Executive
January 13, 1822 - May 10, 1823
Succeeded by
Petros Mavromichalis
Preceded by
Spyridon Trikoupis
Prime Minister of Greece
October 24, 1833 - June 1, 1834
Succeeded by
Ioannis Kolettis
Preceded by
King Otto
Prime Minister of Greece
July 6, 1841 - August 22, 1841
Succeeded by
King Otto
Preceded by
Konstantinos Kanaris
Prime Minister of Greece
April 11, 1844 - August 18, 1844
Succeeded by
Ioannis Kolettis
Preceded by
Konstantinos Kanaris
Prime Minister of Greece
July 29, 1854 - October 11, 1855
Succeeded by
Dimitrios Voulgaris