Alexandru Șoltoianu

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Alexandru Șoltoianu
Alexandru Soltoianu.jpg
Born 1934
Ethnicity Romanian
Citizenship USSR,
Moldova
Alma mater Moscow State Institute of International Relations
Occupation lecturer
Employer Moldova State University
Political party
National Patriotic Front
Religion Eastern Orthodoxy

Alexandru Șoltoianu (born 1934) was a Moldovan activist and a political prisoner in the former Soviet Union.

Biography[edit]

He graduated at Moscow State Institute of International Relations in 1965 and became a lecturer in Oriental studies at the Moldova State University in Chișinău.

In the 1960s and early 1970s he militated for the union of Moldavian SSR with the Socialist Republic of Romania. Between 1969 and 1971, he was a founder of a clandestine National Patriotic Front of Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina, established by several young intellectuals in Chișinău, totaling over 100 members, vowing to fight for the establishment of a Moldavian Democratic Republic, its secession from the Soviet Union and union with Romania.

On 13 January 1972,[1] following an informative note from Ion Stănescu, the President of the Romanian Council of State Security, to Yuri Andropov, the chief of KGB, Alexandru Șoltoianu as well as Alexandru Usatiuc-Bulgăr, Valeriu Graur, and Gheorghe Ghimpu were arrested and later sentenced to long prison terms.[2]

Alexandru Şoltoianu was sentenced in 1972 for his activity as leader of the National Patriotic Front. He was incarcerated in a prison camp in Mordovia, 400 mi (640 km) southeast of Moscow, notorious for its Soviet Gulag.[3] Gheorghe Ghimpu was incarcerated in the same prison camp.

Alexandru Șoltoianu was released only in January 1986.

Legacy[edit]

The Commission for the Study of the Communist Dictatorship in Moldova will study and analyze the 1940-1991 period of the communist regime.

Works[edit]

  • Alexandru Șoltoianu: O viaţă sacrificată pentru ţară. 212.p.
  • Alexandru Șoltoianu: Dosar Penal. În: Memoria-Revista gândirii arestate, numărul 16.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Teodor Botnaru, Alexandru Ganenko. Istoria serviciilor secrete. Breviar. Chisinau, Museum Eds., 2004, p.95
  2. ^ Unionişti basarabeni, turnaţi de Securitate la KGB
  3. ^ Patriotul luptător Alexandru Şoltoianu la 75 de ani