Alexis Littré (July 17, 1654 – February 3, [1 ] 1726) was a French physician and anatomist born in Cordes (currently Cordes-Tolosannes in the department of Tarn-et-Garonne).
Biography [ edit ]
medicine in Montpellier and Paris, receiving his doctorate in 1691. In 1699 he became a member of the Académie des Sciences.
In Paris, he taught
anatomy and was the author of numerous medical publications. He was the first to give a description of a hernial protrusion of an intestinal diverticulum. This condition is now referred to as " Littré's hernia". [2 ]
He also described the mucous
urethral glands of the male urethra. These structures were to become known as " Littré's glands", and their [3 ] inflammation is sometimes called "littréitis". [4 ] [5 ]
1710 treatise Diverses observations anatomiques, Littré was the first to suggest the possibility of performing a lumbar colostomy for an obstruction of the colon. [6 ]
Jean Louis Petit was one of his students. So was [7 ] Jacques-Bénigne Winslow in 1707. He died in Paris.
References [ edit ]
^ Not on July 21, as has been repeated by all his biographers after Fontenelle, but on July 17, 1654: Charles Portal. Histoire de la ville de Cordes, Tarn (1222-1799). Imprimerie Nouguiès, 1902, p. 471. Portal, who wrote the history of Littré's native town, was in a position to access official records.
^ Littre's hernia @ Who Named It
^ Littre's glands @ Who Named It
^ Littreitis @ Who Named It
^ Canadian Practitioner, Volume 31
^ Atlas of Intestinal Stomas edited by Victor W. Fazio, James M. Church, James S. Wu
^ Great Ideas in the History of Surgery by Leo M. Zimmerman, Ilza Veith
External links [ edit ]