Alfa Romeo 145

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Alfa Romeo 145
Alfa Romeo 145 001.JPG
Alfa Romeo 145 Quadrifoglio Verde
Overview
Manufacturer Alfa Romeo
Production 1994–2000
Assembly Pomigliano d'Arco, Italy[1]
Designer Chris Bangle (Centro Stile Fiat)[2]
Body and chassis
Class Small family car
Body style 3-door hatchback
Layout Front-engine, front-wheel-drive
Platform Fiat Type Two platform (Tipo Due)[3]
Related Alfa Romeo 146
Fiat Tipo
Powertrain
Engine 1.4 L Flat-4 (petrol)
1.6 L Flat-4 (petrol)
1.7 L Flat-4 (petrol)
1.4 L TS I4 (petrol)
1.6 L TS I4 (petrol)
1.8 L TS I4 (petrol)
2.0 L TS I4 (petrol)
1.9 L I4 (diesel)
Transmission 5-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,540 mm (100.0 in)
Length 4,093 mm (161.1 in) (145)
4,257 mm (167.6 in) (146)
Width 1,712 mm (67.4 in)
Height 1,427 mm (56.2 in)
Curb weight 1,140–1,275 kg (2,513–2,811 lb)
Chronology
Predecessor Alfa Romeo 33
Successor Alfa Romeo 147

The Alfa Romeo 145 (Type 930) is a small family car produced by the Italian automaker Alfa Romeo between 1994 and 2000. It was launched at the 1994 Turin Motor Show. The 145 shares design plans and interior components from the B-pillar forwards with the 146. The 145 is a three-door hatchback and 146 is a five-door family hatchback. 221,037 145s were built.

History[edit]

Alfa Romeo 145 Quadrifoglio Verde

To replace its ageing 33 model, Alfa Romeo launched the 145 in 1994 to compete in an extremely competitive mid-size hatchback market. A spacious and uniquely Italian interior was presented to the press at the 1994 launch, and by all accounts well received. The oddly shaped, cut-away dashboard attracted much attention, but in fact the design was for safety and practicality rather than aesthetics.

Based, as they were, on the Fiat Group's Tipo Due platform, the cars were widely praised for their handling, particularly their sharp, responsive steering. Early cars used boxer engines passed down from the old 33 in 1.3/1.4 (same engine, badge depending on market—not sold in UK), 1.6 8 valve and 1.7 16 valve forms.

In 1996, the flagship Cloverleaf model was launched with the 2.0-litre Twin Spark engine already seen in the 155 sister car.[4] 1.6 and 1.8 Twin Spark engines soon followed to replace the less powerful boxers.

The 1.8-litre and 2.0-litre engine cars were equipped with 'quick-rack' steering (also seen on the 155, GTV and Spider) which improved steering responsiveness, but as a result the turning circle was compromised. This was also featured on the 1.6-litre Junior model in 1998. The sporty suspension set-up was harsher than many others in its category at the time, but this was in line with the Fiat Group's marketing of Alfa Romeo as a sporting brand and it is said to have resulted in class leading handling.

Styling themes introduced in the Alfa Romeo 164 were continued. The more conservatively styled 146 proved a bigger sales success than the edgy design of the 145, which in retrospect appears too avant-garde for main stream sales success.

The 145 has a strong followings, particularly in top specification Cloverleaf guise, it is seen, along with the 146 as not only the last old school hot hatch built by Alfa but, arguably, by any car company.

While the volume of 145s sold was moderately low, parts availability remains good, in most cases direct from Alfa Romeo. Owners clubs can often advise on multiple sources of parts or workarounds.

Eventually, in 2000, the cars were superseded by the all-new 147, which was a far bigger commercial success, with its acclaimed styling front end and improved quality. Still, many enthusiasts feel that it lost a little of the special feel and Alfa Romeo that the 145 had.

Performance adaptations[edit]

The 145 is prized by performance minded Alfisti as a source of performance upgrades for the earlier Sprint. As these cars were initially designed for use with the Alfasud boxer engines, and later updates with Twinspark units, it is technically feasible to take a late 16v boxer engine from these cars and directly transplant it into a Sprint, giving the car a tremendous performance upgrade in the process.

Engine specifications[edit]

Model Layout Displacement Valves Power Torque Production
Petrol engines
1.3* H4 1,351 cc 8 SOHC 90 PS (66 kW; 89 bhp) at 6,000 rpm 115 N·m (85 lb·ft) at 4,400 rpm 1994–1997
1.6 H4 1,596 cc 8 SOHC 103 PS (76 kW; 102 bhp) at 6,000 rpm 134 N·m (99 lb·ft) at 4,500 rpm 1994–1997
1.7 16V H4 1,712 cc 16 DOHC 129 PS (95 kW; 127 bhp) at 6,500 rpm 149 N·m (110 lb·ft) at 4,300 rpm 1994–1997
2.0i 16V TS QV/Ti I4 2BS TS 1,970 cc 16 DOHC VVT VLIM 150 PS (110 kW; 148 bhp) at 6,400 rpm 187 N·m (138 lb·ft) at 3,500 rpm 10/1995–03/1998
I4 2BS TS 1,970 cc 16 DOHC VVT VLIM 155 PS (114 kW; 153 bhp) at 6,400 rpm 187 N·m (138 lb·ft) at 3,500 rpm 10/1998–01/2001
1.4 T.Spark 16V** I4 TS 1,370 cc 16 DOHC VVT 103 PS (76 kW; 102 bhp) at 6,300 rpm 124 N·m (91 lb·ft) at 4,600 rpm 1997–2001
1.6 T.Spark 16V I4 TS 1,598 cc 16 DOHC VVT 120 PS (88 kW; 118 bhp) at 6,300 rpm 144 N·m (106 lb·ft) at 4,500 rpm 1997–2001
1.8 T.Spark 16V I4 TS 1,747 cc 16 DOHC VVT VLIM 144 PS (106 kW; 142 bhp) at 6,500 rpm 169 N·m (125 lb·ft) at 3,500 rpm 1997–2001
Diesel engines
1.9 TD* I4 1,929 cc 8 SOHC 90 PS (66 kW; 89 bhp) at 4,100 rpm 191 N·m (141 lb·ft) at 2,400 rpm 1994–1997
1.9 JTD I4 1,910 cc 8 SOHC 105 PS (77 kW; 104 bhp) at 4,000 rpm 255 N·m (188 lb·ft) at 2,000 rpm 1997–2001

* Continental European markets only. ** Continental Europe and Ireland only.[5][6][7][8][9]

Timeline[edit]

  • 1994 – 145 launched. Engines were 1.4 8v Boxer, 1.6 8v Boxer, 1.7 16v Boxer and 1.9 Turbo Diesel.
  • 1996 – 145 Cloverleaf model introduced, using 2.0 16v Twin Spark engine.
  • 1997 – All Boxer engines replaced by more powerful, more efficient Twin Spark engines.
  • 1998 – New Twin Spark engines from the Alfa Romeo 156 were imported into the 145 to replace the existing designs, with new plastic valve cover. Engine power was slightly raised.
  • 1999 – 1.9 JTD Turbo Diesel replaced existing diesel engine.
  • 2000 – Various minor revisions, including color-coded bumpers, door handles and mirrors. Higher spec versions also gained side airbags.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Company". alfaromeo.com. Retrieved 2007-08-04. 
  2. ^ "Chris Bangle Resigns". cardesignnews.com. Retrieved 2007-08-04. 
  3. ^ "Fiat Type platform". Fiat-tipo-portugal.com. Retrieved 2010-09-30. 
  4. ^ "Alfa Romeo/Models/Alfa Romeo 145 & 146". carsfromitaly.net. Archived from the original on 2007-07-31. Retrieved 2007-08-01. 
  5. ^ "Alfa Romeo specifications". Carfolio. Archived from the original on 2009-12-03. Retrieved 2009-12-14. 
  6. ^ "Alfa Romeo 145 (94-01) - Facts & Figures". Parker's. Retrieved 2009-12-14. 
  7. ^ "Alfa Romeo 146 (95-01) - Facts & Figures". Parker's. Retrieved 2009-12-14. 
  8. ^ 145 Owners Manual. Alfa Romeo. 
  9. ^ Åhman, Michael, ed. (1999). Bilkatalogen 2000 (Swedish edition of German Auto Katalog). Solna, Sweden: Auto Motor & Sport Sverige AB. pp. 178–179. 

External links[edit]