Alfa Romeo 8C Competizione

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Alfa Romeo 8C Competizione
Alfa Romeo 8C Spider
AR8C-Competizione.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Alfa Romeo
Production 2007–2009 (coupé)[1]
2008–2010 (roadster)[2]
Assembly Modena, Italy (Maserati)[3]
Designer Wolfgang Egger at Centro Stile Alfa Romeo
Body and chassis
Class Sports car
Body style 2-door coupé
2-door roadster
Layout Front-engine, rear-wheel-drive
Related Maserati Quattroporte V
Maserati GranTurismo
Maserati GranCabrio
Alfa Romeo Pandion
Powertrain
Engine 4.7 L (287 cu in) V8
Transmission 6-speed semi-automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,646 mm (104.2 in)[4]
Length 4,381 mm (172.5 in)[4]
Width 1,894 mm (74.6 in)[4]
Height 1,341 mm (52.8 in) (coupé)[4]
1,308 mm (51.5 in) (roadster)[5]
Curb weight 1,585 kg (3,494 lb) (coupé)[4]
1,675 kg (3,693 lb) (roadster)[5]
Chronology
Predecessor Alfa Romeo SZ

The Alfa Romeo 8C Competizione is a sports car produced by Italian automaker Alfa Romeo between 2007 and 2010. It was first presented as a concept car at the 2003 Frankfurt Motor Show and later released for sale for the 2007 model year. The name refers to the eight-cylinder (Cilindro in Italian) engine (8C) and Alfa Romeo's racing pedigree (Competizione, Italian for 'Competition'). Alfa received over 1400 orders for the 8C after the official announcement that the car would enter production.[6] However, only 500 customers ended up with the 8C Competizione and other 500 with 8C Spider.

2003 concept car[edit]

Rear view of 8C concept version.
Black 8C production version.

The 8C Competizione was introduced at the Frankfurt Motor Show in 2003. The lines of the twin seater are meant to echo the styling of Alfas of the 1950s and 1960s, and the "Competizione" name is a reference to the 1948 6C 2500 Competizione,[7] which competed in the 1949 and 1950 Mille Miglia race and came third both times. It was in the latter of these two races that the car was driven by Juan-Manuel Fangio and Augusto Zanardi. It won the 1950 Targa Florio. A 3.0-litre prototype was built but not produced. These 6C 2500 models were among the last vehicles with links to the pre-war cars.[8]


2007 production version[edit]

The only Alfa Romeo 8C Competizione displayed here at the 19 USJ City Mall, Malaysia

During the Mondial de l'Automobile 2006, Alfa Romeo announced the production of a limited series of 500 units of the 8C Competizione. The production version is very similar to the concept; the biggest difference to the exterior being the rear-hinged hood.[7] Other minor changes included the front lights, which used Xenon lamps, a standard wiper system, a mesh side vent, and the rims, which had a design that mimicked the cloverleaf logo. The car came standard in Alfa Red or Black. Pearl Yellow and the Special Competition Red were also available as an option.[9] Paint upon sample colors were also available for an additional charge. Therefore, the 8Cs where produced in a wide range of colors including, white, Maserati range: Fuji White, Blue Avio, Blue Oceano, Ferrari range: Blue Pozzi, Vinaccia (Aubergine), and special Alfa Romeo historic color Grigio Nuvolari.[10] The bodyshell is made of carbon fibre, produced by ATR Group. The carbon fibre body is fitted to a steel chassis, made by Italian company ITCA Produzione. The final assembly takes place at the Maserati factory in Modena, Italy.[11]

An 8C Competizione was featured on the main sculpture at the 2010 Goodwood Festival of Speed. One of the two remaining Alfa Romeo P2s was also part of the display.[12]

Powertrain[edit]

The car uses a modified Maserati platform and powertrain (Maserati 4200, GranTurismo) and features a Ferrari/Maserati derived 90-degree cross-plane[13] wet sump[14] lubricated 4.7-litre V8 assembled by Ferrari.[3] The top engine performance figures may be summarized as a maximum power of 331 kilowatts (450 PS) at 7000 revolutions per minute, a peak torque of 480 newton metres (354 lb·ft) at 4750 rpm (80% at 2500 rpm) with an engine redline of 7500 rpm and rev limiter of 7600 rpm.[15] The V8 engine has variable timing intake valves and compression ratio of 11.3.[16]

The six–speed transaxle gearbox has computerized gear selection by means of levers behind the steering wheel and may be used in Manual-Normal; Manual-Sport; Automatic-Normal; Automatic-Sport and Wet modes. The gearbox can shift in 175 milliseconds when using Sport mode.[17] The 8C also has a limited slip differential.

Performance[edit]

It is fitted with specially developed 20-inch tires: 245/35 at the front and 285/35 at the rear, fitted on perforated rims in fluid moulded aluminium. The 8C brakes have been called "phenomenal" by Road & Track magazine, with a stopping distance of 32 metres (105.0 ft), when travelling at an initial speed of 97 kilometres per hour (60 mph).[15] The official top speed is announced to be 292 kilometres per hour (181 mph) but it might be higher, with estimations that it could be around 306 kilometres per hour (190 mph) according to the Road & Track magazine.[18] An Alfa Romeo engineer also stated that it is faster than the announced top speed.[19]

8C at 2009 Goodwood Festival of Speed.
Specifications[4]
Top speed 292 km/h (181 mph)
0–100 km/h (0-62 mph) 4.2 seconds
1/4 mile (~400 m) 12.4 seconds @ 116.4 mph (187.3 km/h)[15]
Type V8
Displacement 4.7 L (4691 cc) (286.8 cu in)
Power 331 kW (450 PS; 444 hp) @ 7000 rpm
Torque 480 N·m (350 lb·ft) @ 4750 rpm
Lateral Acceleration
(200 feet (61 m) skidpad)
1.02 g[15]
CO2 emissions
377 g/km

Production numbers, markets and notable owners[edit]

Original production numbers
Country Number of cars
USA 90
Italy 80
Germany 80
Japan 70
France 40
United Kingdom 40
Switzerland 35
Others 65
Total 500

The 8C was built in a limited production run of 500 units, and Alfa Romeo originally earmarked the entire production among several specified markets (see table).[20] The entire production of 500 cars quickly sold out. The 8C marked Alfa Romeo's return to the American market in 2008, after withdrawing in 1995. The first 8C was delivered to an Italian customer in October 2007. The first American-market 8C was seen in November 2008, wearing "001 USA" registration plates.[21] The car was purchased by film director and stock exchange magnate James Glickenhaus, also known for being the owner of the bespoke Enzo-based Ferrari P4/5.[22] The 8C's production run was completed by the end of 2008.[23] One of the first 8C's delivered in Europe and the first in The Netherlands was delivered to Dutch Prince Bernhard Lucas Emmanuel.[24] Fiat CEO Sergio Marchionne owns both an 8C Competizione and an 8C Spider.[25] Fiat President and owner John Elkann also owns an 8C Competizione in a special livery called Blu Oceano, which is part of the Maserati color range.[26]

To buy a model of Alfa's newest creation, customers faced a starting price in Italy of 165,000 Euros while in the UK it retailed at £120,000.[27] However, where the price was significantly marked up was in the US market where the 8C retailed at $259,000.[28]

Racing version[edit]

The possibility of an official racing version of the 8C was first hinted at in 2006, within the computer game SCAR - Squadra Corse Alfa Romeo, developed by Black Bean Software in collaboration with the automaker. A racing version of the car was included. Alfa Romeo later announced that they were preparing to race the 8C in events such as Le Mans, Daytona and Sebring.[29] It is expected that race version chassis will be made by Dallara.[30] As of 2009, the 8C has not been raced by a factory-sponsored team.

8C Spider[edit]

2005 Spider concept[edit]

At the 2005 Pebble Beach Concours d'Elegance, Alfa Romeo unveiled the 8C Spider, a roadster version of the Competizione coupé. The Spider concept was built by Carrozzeria Marazzi.[31] Production of the 8C Spider was confirmed by Sergio Marchionne on September 25, 2007. It was announced that the Spider would be built in a 500 unit production run and would cost around $227,000 (€165,000) more than the coupe version.[20]

2008 production version[edit]

The production version was unveiled at the 2008 Geneva Motor Show.[32] Production of the 8C Spider began in 2009, in Modena, with Maserati in charge of building the cars. As previously announced, 500 cars were built, each priced at €199,000 (£174,000) excluding taxes. 35 of 500 Spiders went to the United States.[33] In the United States the 8C Spider started at a price of $299,000.[34] In the October 2011 issue of Evo (magazine) the 8C Spider won the title of the 'Best Sounding Car'.

Alfa Romeo claims that the 8C Spider's top speed is 290 kilometres per hour (180 mph), which makes it slightly slower than the coupé version. The brakes on the Spider are Brembo carbon-ceramic units.[35] The Spider has a two-layer electrically operated fabric roof. The windshield frame is made of carbon fibre to try to maintain a 50/50 weight distribution.[33]

At the 2008 British Motor Show

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References[edit]

  1. ^ "Alfa Romeo 8C Spider". autocar.co.uk. Retrieved 2009-07-16. 
  2. ^ "Für diese Autos war 2010 Schluss". auto.t-online.de. Retrieved 2011-03-05.  (German)
  3. ^ a b Frankel, Andrew (2007-10-21). "Alfa Romeo 8C Competizione". driving.timesonline.co.uk (London). Retrieved 2007-11-18. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f "Fahrbericht Alfa 8C Competizione — AUTO BILD 42/2007 — 23.10.2007". autobild.de. Retrieved 2010-10-19.  (German)
  5. ^ a b "Alfa Romeo 8C Spider". automobilismo.it. Retrieved 2009-07-18.  (Italian)
  6. ^ "Alfa Romeo 8C Spider: Price, specification, photo Alfa Romeo 8C Spider, wallpaper, reviews owners". FiveCar.net. 2012-03-31. Retrieved 2013-02-12. 
  7. ^ a b "Alfa 8C Competizione". evo.co.uk. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 2007-09-17. 
  8. ^ "Alfa Romeo 6C 2500 Competizione". ultimatecarpage.com. Archived from the original on 7 August 2007. Retrieved 2007-09-17. 
  9. ^ "We Drive the Alfa 8C Competizione". nextautos.com. Retrieved 2009-04-21. 
  10. ^ "Elenco colori extraserie 8C Competizione". Autopareri.com. Retrieved 2013-02-12. 
  11. ^ "05.03.2008 ALFA 8C SPIDER PRESENTED IN GENEVA". italiaspeed.com/2008/motor_shows/geneva. Archived from the original on 8 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-03-06. 
  12. ^ AUSmotive.com 2010 Goodwood Festival of Speed Retrieved 2010-07-01.
  13. ^ "Alfa Range Brochure" (PDF). alfaromeo.co.uk. Retrieved 2009-04-22. 
  14. ^ "2009 Alfa Romeo 8C Competizione - First Drive Review". caranddriver.com. Retrieved 2010-04-03. 
  15. ^ a b c d "Alfa Romeo 8C Competizione". roadandtrack.com. Retrieved 2010-10-19. 
  16. ^ "Alfa Romeo 8C Competizione". autozine.org. Retrieved 2010-10-19. 
  17. ^ "2009 Alfa Romeo 8C Competizione Preview". jdpower.com. Retrieved 2010-10-19. 
  18. ^ "Road Test: 2008 Alfa Romeo 8C Competizione". roadandtrack.com/article. Archived from the original on 29 November 2007. Retrieved 2007-12-02. 
  19. ^ Mr.Domenico Martino (engineer) (2008-01-21). Me in Alfa Romeo 8C Competizione ... (Motion picture). 9FFturboS. Retrieved 2008-01-23. "192 this is just we declare, the car is faster..." 
  20. ^ a b "Alfa Romeo 8C Competizione goes on sale". motorauthority.com. Retrieved 2010-05-02. 
  21. ^ "First Alfa Romeo 8C Competitzione Sold In US Parked At New York Train Station?". jalopnik.com. Archived from the original on 6 December 2008. Retrieved 2008-11-08. 
  22. ^ "The Alfa Romeo 8C is Really Here!". velocetoday.com. Archived from the original on 2010-11-15. Retrieved 2008-11-13. 
  23. ^ "ALFA ROMEO 8C COMPETIZIONE ON THE ROAD.". autodesign.socialblog.us. Archived from the original on 10 December 2008. Retrieved 2008-12-13. 
  24. ^ "Spotted: Alfa 8C Competizione". Gtspirit.com. 2008-04-02. Retrieved 2013-02-12. 
  25. ^ "Chrysler's CEO on '60 Minutes:' 'The fear has gone'". Content.usatoday.com. 2012-03-26. Retrieved 2013-02-12. 
  26. ^ "Alfa Romeo 8C Competizione (Topic Ufficiale - 2006)". Autopareri.com. Retrieved 2013-02-12. 
  27. ^ "Alfa Romeo 8C Competizione Review". Autocar. Retrieved 2013-02-12. 
  28. ^ August 2009 BY MARK GILLIES PHOTOGRAPHY BY ALBERTO ALQUATI. "2010 Alfa Romeo 8C Spider – Review – Car and Driver". Caranddriver.com. Retrieved 2013-02-12. 
  29. ^ "Alfa To Race 8C Competizione in '08". indiacar.com. 2006. Retrieved 2012-06-07. 
  30. ^ "Racing news". italiaspeed.com. Retrieved 2007-04-25. 
  31. ^ "Alfa Romeo 8C Spider prototipo". marazzicar.com. Archived from the original on 14 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-03-15. 
  32. ^ "19.02.2008 PRODUCTION ALFA 8C SPIDER TO DEBUT IN GENEVA". italiaspeed.com/2008. Archived from the original on 28 February 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-19. 
  33. ^ a b "Alfa Romeo 8C Spider shows that Alfa's bets keep getting better". autoweek.com. Retrieved 2009-07-18. 
  34. ^ "2010 Alfa Romeo 8C Spider First Drive". Motor Trend. 2009-07-21. Retrieved 2013-02-12. 
  35. ^ "Geneva preview: Alfa Romeo 8C Competizione Spider". channel4.com. Archived from the original on 2008-04-12. Retrieved 2008-03-11. 

External links[edit]