Alfa Romeo GT

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Alfa Romeo GT
Alfa GT 20090801 front.JPG
Overview
Manufacturer Alfa Romeo
Production 2003–2010[1]
Assembly Pomigliano d'Arco, Italy[2]
Designer Bertone
Body and chassis
Class Sports car
Body style 2-door 5-seat coupé
Layout Front-engine, front-wheel-drive
Related Alfa Romeo 156
Alfa Romeo 147
Powertrain
Engine 1.8 L I4 petrol (Twin Spark)
2.0 L I4 petrol (JTS)
3.2 L V6 petrol
1.9 L I4 t/c diesel (JTDm)
Transmission 5-speed manual
6-speed manual
5-speed semi-automatic (Selespeed)
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,596 mm (102.2 in)[3]
Length 4,489 mm (176.7 in)
Width 1,763 mm (69.4 in)
Height 1,362 mm (53.6 in)[3]
1,355 mm (53.3 in) (V6)[3]
Curb weight 1,395–1,485 kg (3,075–3,274 lb)

The Alfa Romeo GT (Type 937) is a sports car produced by the Italian automaker Alfa Romeo between 2003 and 2010. A total of 80,832 units were produced.[4] The GT was introduced in March 2003 Geneva Motor Show and it came for sale in Italian markets January 2004.[citation needed] It was built at the Pomigliano plant, southern Italy, alongside the 147 and 159.[4]

History[edit]

Like the 147, the GT was based on the same platform used in 156, with the coupé body styled by Bertone.[5] Most mechanicals were taken directly from the 156/147[5] using the same double wishbone front suspension and MacPherson rear setup as those two cars. The interior is based heavily on that of the smaller hatchback 147 and shares many common parts. The GT shares the same dash layout and functions, the complete climate control system as well as having a very similar electrical system. Some exterior parts are taken straight from 147 with same bonnet, wing mirrors and front wings (from 147 GTA). The engine range included both a 1.8 TS and 2.0 JTS petrol engine, a 1.9 MultiJet turbodiesel, and a top-of-the-range 3.2 V6 petrol. Luggage capacity is 320 l and could be enlarged to 905 l.

The GT was positioned as a sports car in Alfa Romeo's range, and sat alongside the Brera (which was based on the newer mid-size Alfa 159 sedan/saloon car). Both cars can be viewed as successors to the 916-series GTV. Keeping two mid-sized sports coupés in production simultaneously is unusual and the two cars could be construed as being in competition with each other. If Alfa Romeo is viewed as the sporting arm of the larger Fiat group however the move makes more sense: with no sporting Fiat badged cars currently in production, the marketplace arguably had ample room for both these cars, each being tailored to a different niche. Historically Alfa's strategy of developing sporting cars from their conventional sedan/saloon car offerings has found much favour among traditional Alfisti, and ensured good sales.

In 2006 Alfa introduced a 1.9 JTD Q2 version with limited slip differential, and also added a new trim level called Black Line.[6]

In 2008 Alfa introduced the cloverleaf model as a limited edition complete with new trim levels, lowered suspension, body kit, 18 inch alloy wheels and only available in the colours black, alfa red, or blue. with engines 1.8 L and 2.0 L petrol and 1.9 L Multijet turbo diesel. These are effectively the run out models and as such are very well specified.

A few years before the production ended, other than a diversification of the editions for the Italian market, Alfa Romeo decided to issue some particular versions of the GT for foreign markets. The Special Edition 1.9 JTDm 16 (painted in a new red or white) was then assembled for the United Kingdom's Market, following specific orders from the British dealers; the Run Out Edition 2.0 JTS (only black), was built in a dozen of pieces, with a modified engine (a revised version of the Pratola Serra 2000 JTS) [7] and specific parts (audio system bose connected to the USB, multimedia and bluetooth devices - an integrated approach then used in the Giulietta - lowered absorbers, specific alfa romeo grey leather-red signed seats, bigger matt rear view mirrors) assembled only for the Dutch dealers.[8] For the Australian market [9] and the French market the GT was proposed in its Centenario shape [10] powered by the 1.9 JTDm diesel.

The Quadrifoglio Oro (60 pieces) Japan-exported version is the very end of the model's career.[11]

Appearance[edit]

The GT has been widely acclaimed for its attractive styling and purposeful good looks.[12][13] The design is by Bertone who have a long history of collaboration with Alfa Romeo, the most notable being the B.A.T series concepts of the 1950s. The general coupe shape resembles that of the 1980s Alfa Romeo Sprint but with clear design cues taken from more modern Alfa Romeo products. The GT wears 16-inch alloy wheels as standard, with 17-inch wheels as an option. There are 18-inch alloy wheels available, but the extra width pinches from the GT's 11.5 metres (37.7 ft) turning circle.

Engines[edit]

Rear view of an Alfa Romeo GT

The 240 PS (177 kW; 237 hp) 3.2-litre V6 offered good all-round performance but is prone to torque steer while the 1.9-litre JTD turbodiesel has proven to be a popular choice in comparison to the petrol 2.0-litre engine. The 3.2-litre V6 petrol unit was positioned as the 'sports' option with its large power output and distinctive Alfa Romeo exhaust note, unique to the Alfa V6 family of engines. The 1.8 Twin Spark petrol engine was lifted directly from the 156, it is a tried and tested unit giving respectable levels of power while still remaining economical. The 2.0L petrol has direct injection and is an improvement on the older 2.0L petrol unit found in the Alfa 156 on which the GT is based, with an increase of 15 PS (11.0 kW; 14.8 bhp) and better fuel consumption.

The 1.9 L direct injection diesel unit still is the most popular option, the high torque output at low revs gives more of a feeling of power at "normal" road speeds compared to the 2.0-litre petrol which requires much higher revs to produce its maximum power output and is best suited to being driven hard. This combined with the significant gain in fuel economy (see statistics below) make the diesel a popular choice. The economy of the diesel combined with the power and 6 speed gearbox make it a real GT car with a range of around 600 miles (970 km) per tank at motorway speeds.

Brakes and suspension[edit]

For stopping power, there are 284 mm (11.2 in) ventilated discs up front and 276 mm (10.9 in) at the rear. The most powerful version 3.2 V6 has 330 mm (13.0 in) ventilated discs at front.[14] The GT comes as standard with anti-lock braking system with electronic brakeforce distribution and hydraulic brake assistance.

Despite it being a two-door or coupé, the GT does not have a 2+2 seating configuration but is a five-seater.. This is because of the 156 heritage, sharing the chassis. Entrance to the rear of a GT is via foldable front seats. The GT is also in fact a 3 door with a hatchback allowing access to a large rear boot.

The latest technological advances were incorporated, such as VDC (Vehicle Dynamic Control) which is Alfa's version of ESP (Electronic Stability Program), ASR (Anti Slip Regulation) or Traction Control, EBD (Electronic Brake Distribution), ABS, Brake Assist and later the Q2 System. The Q2 system is Alfa's highly developed and efficient Limited-Slip Differential technology, for improved cornering (particularly in the wet) and power transfer to the wheels. This reduces wheel spin, torque steer and eliminates the understeer common to front-wheel drive cars.

Details like the wheel camber being set at a negative specification to improve cornering capabilities, as in a track vehicle, were included. Hardened and modified suspensions as opposed to the 156, thus sacrificing marginally on ride comfort for road holding. Extreme body-hugging, adjustable leather seats for minimal lateral movement during hard cornering. All of the above made the GT appealing to the performance-oriented customer.

However, Alfa Romeo integrated luxury with its 'caged panther' concept by ensuring the car was highly equipped, with standard features like power steering, trip computer, air conditioning, reverse assist, dual climate control, airbags (including 'curtain' airbags) with internal passenger sensors to decide remotely which airbags to deploy, side-mirror defrosters, and cruise control, plus options like seat warmers, leather interior, ten CD changer, satellite radio controls and windscreen sensors for automatic wiper activation.

The combined effect of these specifications created a highly developed, responsive and maneuverable vehicle at high speeds and in challenging conditions, making it safer and comfortable to drive every day at conventional speeds.[citation needed]

Engine specifications[edit]

Model Engine Volume Power Torque Top speed 0–100 km/h,s
0-62 mph,s
CO2 Notes
1.8 TS I4 1747 cc 103 kW (140 PS) @ 6500 rpm 163 N·m (120 lb·ft) @ 3900 rpm 200 km/h (120 mph) 10.6 202 g/km
2.0 JTS I4 1970 cc 121 kW (165 PS) @ 6400 rpm 206 N·m (152 lb·ft) @ 3250 rpm 216 km/h (134 mph) 8.7 207 g/km
3.2 V6 V6 3179 cc 177 kW (240 PS) @ 6200 rpm 289 N·m (213 lb·ft) @ 4800 rpm 243 km/h (151 mph) 6.7 295 g/km
1.9 JTDm I4 1910 cc 110 kW (150 PS) @4000 rpm 305 N·m (225 lb·ft) @ 2000 rpm 209 km/h (130 mph) 9.2 159 g/km
1.9 JTDm I4 1910 cc 125 kW (170 PS) @3750 rpm 330 N·m (240 lb·ft) @ 2000 rpm 216 km/h (134 mph) 8.2 164 g/km

References:[15][16]

Fuel consumption[edit]

Model Fuel cons. urban
(mpg–imp (l/100 km))
Fuel cons. extra-urban
(mpg–imp (l/100 km))
Fuel cons. combined
(mpg–imp (l/100 km))
1.8 TS 23.0 (12.1) 44.0 (6.4) 35.0 (8.5)
2.0 JTS 23.2 (12.2) 42.2 (6.7) 32.5 (8.7)
3.2 V6 15.2 (18.6) 32.5 (8.7) 22.8 (12.4)
1.9 JTDm 33.2 (8.2) 57.6 (4.8) 45.6 (6.1)
1.9 JTDm (170 PS) 32.5 (8.7) 58.9 (4.8) 45.6 (6.2)

References:[3][6][14]

Special versions for foreign markets[edit]

Approaching the end of its life, the GT was proposed in special versions intended for sale on some markets. In some cases, differences from the national versions were quite impressive.

The Special Edition (british market)[edit]

The Special Edition 1.9 JTDm was produced for the British market only, where it had to be preordered by the customer ("run out").[17] Its unofficial name was "quadrifoglio verde" (cloverleaf). It had leather interiors, Q2,.[18]

The Run Out Edition (Sport) (dutch market)[edit]

Gt Run Out Edition (sport) reimported to Italy

The Run Out Edition 2.0 JTS gasoline (black only) was assemble in a dozen of pieces [19] for the Dutch dealers only.[20][21] For what concerns the mechanical part, it mounted a revised 2000 JTS [22] powered 165 CV, while the car is lowered. This version had some specifications improved in respect to the top line; the audio system Bose was connected to a multimedia USB, integrated to the bluetooth blue&me. It has 18 inches alloy wheels, painted brake calipers, black instruments white lighted, black leather steering wheel, alloy pedals. Furthermore, the car is fitted with specific sized grey leather seats and interiors.[23]

The Centenario (Australian, South African and French markets)[edit]

The "100th anniversary limited edition" version [24] is intended for the Australian and South African markets;,[25] and coloured Rosso Alfa, Atlantic Blue, Black e Ice White. The “100th Anniversary Limited Edition” was produced in 130 pieces: 100 for the Australian market and 30 for the South African one. Following the overhauling in fashion in that market, that GTs are equipped with the 3.2 V6 with a manual 6 speed cluth. A centenario version is made for the French market.[26] It had a rear view camera, Blue&Me, 1.9 JTDm 16V 150 CV engine.

The Quadrifoglio Oro (japanese market)[edit]

The Quadrifoglio Oro was made in 60 pieces with specifications similar to the Dutch Run Out: 2000 JTS powered to almost 170 CV, sequential clutch, red instruments, alloy wheels, red paint.[27] This version ends the assembling of the last bodies of the GT.[28]

GT Cabriolet Concept[edit]

A GT Cabriolet concept car made by design house Bertone.

A softtop GT Cabrio Concept was made by Bertone in 2003, it came in public April 6, 2011.[29] The car was four-seat open version of the GT coupe, which Bertone hoped to get built in their own plant. The next generation Alfa open top car was instead built by Pininfarina using the Brera coupe as a base.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Enrique García (2010). "Alfa Romeo cesa la producción del GT". es.autoblog.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 2010-08-21. 
  2. ^ "MAIN FIAT GROUP AUTOMOBILES PLANTS IN THE WORLD". fiatgroup.com. Retrieved 2007-07-31. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Search results for "alfa romeo GT"". carfolio.com. Retrieved 2008-01-18. 
  4. ^ a b Luca Ciferri. "The car that Alfa should have built". Automotive News. Retrieved 2011-04-09. 
  5. ^ a b "2006 Alfa Romeo GT Coupe 3.2 V6". rsportscars.com. Retrieved 2007-07-31. 
  6. ^ a b "Alfa Romeo at the 2006 Paris International Motor Show". fiatautopress.com. Retrieved 2007-07-31. 
  7. ^ (Italian) Description of the engine evolution of the 2000 JTS up to the latest studies - partially adopted in the Run Out edition - for an update of the engine in case the production continued
  8. ^ (Dutch) Dutch Brochure showing the "Run Out Edition 2010" nicknamed GT Sport, too
  9. ^ Brochure Alfa GT Centenario for Austrialia
  10. ^ Scritto da: Dario Montrone - martedì 12 gennaio 2010 (1975-07-05). "Alfa Romeo GT assembled "Centenario" for the French market". Autoblog.it. Retrieved 2013-10-12. 
  11. ^ (Italian) Alfa GT Quadrifoglio Oro
  12. ^ "The Verdict: Alfa Gt". independent.co.uk (London). 2004-06-29. Archived from the original on 2007-11-20. Retrieved 2007-07-31. 
  13. ^ "Alfa GT a real thoroughbred". carsguide.news.com.au. Archived from the original on 29 August 2007. Retrieved 2007-07-31. 
  14. ^ a b "Technical specifications" (PDF). fiatautopress.com/download. Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-07-31. 
  15. ^ "Technical specifications Alfa GT 1.9 JTDM 16v 170 CV and Q2 system" (PDF). alfaromeopress.com/. Retrieved 2010-10-02. 
  16. ^ "Press release 04 November 2003". alfaromeopress.com. 2003. Retrieved 2012-06-07. 
  17. ^ Top Gear. "Alfa GT Cloverleaf news - Coming up clover - 2008 - BBC Top Gear". BBC Top Gear. 
  18. ^ Fabio Sciarra. "Alfa Romeo GT Quadrifoglio: nuova serie speciale per la Gran Bretagna". Autoblog.it. 
  19. ^ "Automotive Database". 
  20. ^ (Dutch) Brochure showing the "Run Out Edition 2010" aka GT Sport
  21. ^ http://www.biezeman.nl/prijslijst/gt-prijslijst.pdf
  22. ^ Descrizione dell'evoluzione del motore 2000 JTS
  23. ^ Andrea Zaliani. "Alfa Romeo GT". Autoblog.it. 
  24. ^ Dario Montrone. "Alfa Romeo GT: versione "centenario" per Australia e Sud Africa". Autoblog.it. 
  25. ^ Brochure Alfa GT Centenario
  26. ^ Dario Montrone. "Alfa Romeo 147 e GT in allestimento "Centenario" per il mercato francese". Autoblog.it. 
  27. ^ "Alfa GT Quadrifoglio Oro - SESSANTA PEZZI PER IL GIAPPONE - Quattroruote". Quattroruote.it. 
  28. ^ Dario Montrone. "Alfa Romeo GT: la versione Quadrifoglio Oro per il Giappone". Autoblog.it. 
  29. ^ Luca Ciferri. "The car that Alfa should have built". autoweek.com. Retrieved 2012-02-07. 

External links[edit]