Alfa Romeo GTA

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Alfa Romeo GTA
Alfa GTA.JPG
Alfa Romeo Giulia Sprint 1600 GTA Stradale
Overview
Manufacturer Alfa Romeo
Also called Giulia Sprint 1600 GTA
Production 1965-1969
Body and chassis
Class Sports car
Body style 2-door coupe
Layout FR layout
Powertrain
Engine 1.6 L Straight-4
Chronology
Predecessor Giulietta Coupé
Alfa Romeo GTA in competition.

The Alfa Romeo GTA is a coupé automobile manufactured by the Italian manufacturer Alfa Romeo from 1965 to 1971. It was made for racing (Corsa) and road use (Stradale).

Alfa Romeo Sprint GTA[edit]

In 1962, the successor for the very popular Giulietta series was introduced. This car was the Alfa Romeo Giulia, internally called the "Series 105". The coupé of the 105 series, used the shortened floorpan from the Giulia Berlina and was designed by Bertone. The name of the car evolved from Giulia Sprint GT to Giulia Sprint and to GTJ (Junior) and GTV (Veloce) in the late 1960s.

At the time, Alfa was very active in motorsport. Autodelta, the racing division of Alfa, developed a car for competition that closely resembled to the roadgoing model. These cars were named GTA instead of GT, the 'A' standing for "Alleggerita", Italian for lightweight. The GTA was produced first in 1965 as a 1600 (1570 cc) and later as a 1300 Junior version. The GTA automobiles were also manufactured in either street (Stradale) or pure race (Corsa) trim.

The GTA had aluminium outer body panels instead of steel, (the inner steel panels were also of thinner gauge, the inner and outer panels were bonded and pop-riveted together), magnesium alloy wheels, clear plastic side windows, an aluminium rear upper control arm, different door handles and quarter window mechanisms, and lightweight interior trim. The engine had a new double ignition cylinder head (called twin plug, later in the eighties the system was called twin spark) cylinder head with a Marelli distributor from a Ferrari Dino, 45 mm carburetors instead of 40 mm and magnesium camshaft cover, sump, timing cover and bell housing. The transmission gear ratios were closer than standard and the gears were machined for lightness and quicker shifting. Dry weight of the 1600 was approximately 1,640 pounds (740 kg). In stradale form this car boasted approximately 115 PS (85 kW; 113 hp) (up from 106 PS (78 kW; 105 hp)). In full race form this engine could produce up to 170 PS (130 kW; 170 hp). The 1600 GTA did not have a brake booster and had a thicker radiator than the standard vehicle. For homologation 500 cars were made for racing and road use.

GTA 1900 and GTA 2000[edit]

According to Maurizio Tabucchi (Maurizio Tabucchi is Alfa Romeo book author and consultant at Italian Vintage Automobile Association and at Alfa Romeo Italian Register[1]). the GTA 2000 was a kind of test mule for the GTAm engine. That is the GTAm motor with Lucas injection (208 hp @ 6500 rpm) that was fitted to a GTA 1300 Junior chassis. Tabucchi states that the first outing of these car was at the Tour de Corse in 1969 - this took place November 8–9, 1969. Wheels were 14x7 with Michelin PA2 or TA3 tires. Cars were entered by Autodelta and drivers were Pinto/Santonacci who suffered a puncture and suspension breakage at Guitera. The other team was Barayller/Fayel who suffered clutch breakage.

Tony Adriaensens also reports GTA 2000 race results, albeit later.

Circuit of Benguela, Angola April 10, 1970, Peixinho GTA2000 - 1st overall

Circuit of Cabinda, Angola April 26, 1970, Peixinho - 1st and Bandeira/Viera - 2nd both cars are described as GTA2000

São Paulo, Brazil, May 1–3, 1970, Zambello/Fernandez - 2nd, GTA2000

Interlagos, Brazil, August 9, 1970, Catapani - 1st overall, GTA2000

Nova Lisboa, Angola, August 9–10, 1970 - 6h Intercacionais do Huamba, Fraga/Resende - 2nd place,

Santos "Peras"/Flavio Santos car# 8 - 3rd place, both cars are described as GTA 1300 Juniors with 2 liter motor

There are some doubts whether the Brazilian cars were actually 2000cc, as both Zambello and Fernandez are reported to have won events in 1969 with a GTA1900 which is a different engine (1840cc), though it can not be ruled out that their car was upgraded to 2000cc for 1970. Regardless, given the dates of the events in Brazil, the Angolan and Brazilian cars are different.[citation needed]

GTA 1300 Junior[edit]

Alfa Romeo 1300 GTA Junior
Alfa Romeo GTA Junior
Overview
Production 1968–1975
Body and chassis
Body style 2-door coupe
Powertrain
Engine 1.3 L straight-4

The GTA 1300 Junior (1968–1975) had a 1300 cc engine that was based on the 1600 engine but with a short stroke crankshaft. The GTA Junior in stradale form did not have many of the light weight features of the 1600 GTA, such as the plastic windows, magnesium engine components and alloy wheels. At start the engine produced 96 PS (71 kW; 95 hp) but was soon raised to 110 PS (81 kW; 110 hp). Autodelta prepared fuel injected racing cars had 165 PS (121 kW; 163 hp). 450 GTA Juniors were produced.

GTAm[edit]

Alfa Romeo GTAm
Alfa Romeo GTAm of Tony Karanfilovski.jpg
Overview
Production 1970–1971
Body and chassis
Body style 2-door coupe
Powertrain
Engine 2.0 L straight-4

The GTAm (1969–1971) could produce up to 240 PS (180 kW; 240 hp) in the 2000 cc car—a car usually related to the GTA, but unlike the GTA derived from the GTV 1750 (US version). The 1750 GTAm (later called 2000 GTAm when the 2000 GTV was introduced) was created in 1969. There are two schools of thought about the "Am" moniker, neither one ever having been officially confirmed by Alfa Romeo: one expands Am to Alleggerita Maggiorata (Italian: lightened enlarged), the other America Maggiorata. The car had a full steel body modified with aluminium and / or plastic parts. Because of an increased minimum weight in 1971 (up from 920 to 940 kg), the GTAm's had less need for aluminium and / or plastic parts. The base for the GTAm was the 1750 GTV with a SPICA mechanical fuel injection system. The majority of the genuine GTAm's built by Autodelta have a chassis number starting with 105.51.XXXXXX. The European market 1750 GTV with dual carburettors from Dell'Orto or Weber carburetor and chassisnumbers starting with 105.44.XXXXXX was also used as a base. The same goes for the 2000 GTV and the 1300 GT Junior bodyshell that was lighter. Note that some racing teams and private workshops ordered the parts from Autodelta and other tuners and assembled the cars themselves on a new or existing bodyshell. The original 1750 engine block (actually 1779 cc) was used and by inserting a monosleeve instead of four individual cylinderliners, received 1985 cc and later to 1999 cc to participate in the 2000 cc class, explaining the "maggiorata" (enlarged). According to the sources, some 40 GTAm's were built by Autodelta and by private workshops. This number is difficult to verify as the GTAm's didn't have their own specific chassis number series. In the second revised edition of the book `Alleggerita` (written by Tony Adriaensens & Patrick Dasse), published in 2012 by Dingwort Verlag, you will find the most complete list available of GTAm's.[citation needed]

GTA-SA[edit]

Alfa Romeo GTA-SA
Overview
Production 1967–1968
Body and chassis
Body style 2-door coupe
Powertrain
Engine 1.6 L straight-4 supercharged

The Giulia 1600 GTA-SA (sovralimentato English: supercharged) (1967–1968) was very rare racing car, which was built only 10 copies. Car featured 1570 cc twinspark engine with two oildriven superchargers and it could produce up to 250 PS (180 kW; 250 hp) at 7500 rpm. The GTA-SA was built for FlA Group 5 racing in Europe and it won first place overall in the Hockenheim 100 mile endurance race in 1967 in the hands of the German driver Siegfried Dau.[2][3] In the Netherlands, Rob Slotemaker and Nico Chiotakis also drove GTA-SA.

Racing success[edit]

Kwech/Andrey 1966 Trans-Am Championship GTA
Kwech/Andrey 1966 Trans-Am Championship GTA

Both types, the GTA/ GTA 1300 Junior and the GTAm were very successful, and these cars were driven to numerous victories. In the opening season at Monza, they won the first seven places. Andrea de Adamich claimed the title in 1966.

In the USA the GTA’s first racing victory was in January 1966 at the “Refrigerator Bowl”, at the now defunct Marlboro Raceway in Maryland, with Monty Winkler and Pete Van der Vate at the wheel. The Autodelta GTA of Horst Kwech and Gaston Andrey won the Under 2 litre class of the inaugural Sports Car Club of America's Trans-Am championship in 1966. Horst Kwech also won the first SCCA National B-Sedan ARRC Championship in the same GTA in 1966. The GTA would also go on to win the 1970 championship.

Later on, the 1750 GTAm and the 2000 GTAm cars were driven to victory by Toine Hezemans, who won the 24 hours of Francorchamps with this car. These cars won hundreds of races before competition grew stronger in 1971. But the Giulia sometimes kept up with much bigger engined cars such as the 3 litre BMW CSL.

Technical data[4][edit]

GTA: Giulia Sprint GTA Giulia Sprint GTA (racing version) Giulia GTA 1300 Junior Giulia GTA 1300 Junior (racing version) GTA SA GTAm
Engine:  straight-4
Displacement:  1,570 cc (96 cu in) 1,570 cc (96 cu in) 1,290 cc (79 cu in) 1,290 cc (79 cu in) 1,570 cc (96 cu in) 1,985 cc (121.1 cu in)
Bore x stroke:  78 mm (3.1 in) x 82 mm (3.2 in) 78 mm (3.1 in) x 82 mm (3.2 in) 78 mm (3.1 in) x 67.5 mm (2.7 in) 78 mm (3.1 in) x 67.5 mm (2.7 in) 78 mm (3.1 in) x 82 mm (3.2 in) 84.5 mm (3.3 in) x 88.5 mm (3.5 in)
Power:  115 PS (85 kW; 113 hp) 164 PS (121 kW; 162 hp) 96 PS (71 kW; 95 hp) 180 PS (132 kW; 178 hp) 220 PS (162 kW; 217 hp) 240 PS (177 kW; 237 hp)
at rpm:  6000 7800 6000 9300 7800 7500
Compression:  9,7 : 1 10,5 : 1 9,7 : 1 11,0 : 1 10,5 : 1 11,0 : 1
Valves per cylinder:  2 2 2 4 2 2
Valve control:  Double overhead camshaft
Transmission:  5-speed gearbox
Brakes:  Disc brakes all around
Suspension front:  Independent suspension, wishbones, coil springs, anti-roll bar
Suspension rear:  Live Axle, trailing arms, coil springs, telescopic dampers
Body:  two-door, aluminum panels over steel monocoque two-door from steel
Weight:  820 kg (1,810 lb) 760 kg (1,680 lb) 920 kg (2,030 lb) 760 kg (1,680 lb) 920 kg (2,030 lb)
Top speed:  185 km/h (115 mph) 220 km/h (137 mph) 175 km/h (109 mph) 210 km/h (130 mph) 240 km/h (149 mph) 230 km/h (143 mph)
Construction:  1965–1969 1965–1969 1968–1975 1968–1975 1967–1968 1970–1971
Quantity:  500 193 300 10 40

Modern GTAs[edit]

The designation GTA is now used on the highest performance versions of Alfa Romeo road cars, such as the 147 and now discontinued 156. These cars are powered by V6 engines giving them the most power of the cars in the model range, however despite the GTA name, they are generally the heaviest cars in the range, due to having large engines and little if any weight saving employed in their construction. For example, the 147 GTA weighs 1,360 kg (2,998 lb).

147[edit]

The 147 GTA was introduced in 2002 as the top-end hatchback model for Alfa Romeo. It is powered by a 3.2 litre V6, derived from the 164 from the early 90s. It is a two-door hatchback that seats five, and is characterized by its wider wheel arches, teledial 17 inch wheels, and more aggressive grille design.

156[edit]

The 156 GTA was Alfa Romeo's sportiest version of the 156, and used the same 3.2 litre V6 as the 147 GTA, producing 250 PS (184 kW; 247 hp) and 300 N·m (220 lb·ft) of torque. This four-door saloon was available in sedan or wagon versions.

Mito[edit]

The Mito GTA prototype has a 1.75 litre, turbocharged straight-4, producing 240 PS (177 kW; 237 hp). However, due to the economic downturn in 2008/2009, the Mito GTA was postponed.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "About the Author". amazon.com. Retrieved 2012-01-17. 
  2. ^ "GTA-SA" (PDF). wrac.co.za. Retrieved 2009-04-22. 
  3. ^ "MHSTC/AvD 100 Meilen von Hockenheim". homepage.mac.com. Retrieved 2009-04-22. 
  4. ^ Alfa Romeo Jahrbuch Nr. 5, ISBN 3-89880-348-1

References[edit]

  • Adriaensens, Tony (1994). Alleggerita. Corsa Research vzw, Belgium. ISBN 90-801197-1-7. 
  • Adriaensens & Dasse, Tony & Patrick (2012). Alleggerita. Dingwort Verlag, Hamburg, Germany. ISBN 978-3-87166-065-8. 
  • Tipler, John (2003). Alfa Romeo Giulia Coupe Gt & Gta. Veloce Publishing. ISBN 1-903706-47-5. 
  • Tabucchi, Maurizio (1994). Alfa Romeo GTA. Giorgio Nada Editore, Italy. ISBN 88-7911-132-9. 
  • Tabucchi, Maurizio (2009). Alfa Romeo GTA "leggera e vincente". Giorgio Nada Editore, Italy. ISBN 978-88-7911-470-7. 
  • d'Amico & Tabucchi, Stefano & Maurizio (2007). Alfa Romeo Production Cars from 1910. Giunti/Giorgio Nada Editore, Italy. ISBN 978-88-7911-408-0. 
  • Fusi, Luigi (1978). Alfa Romeo All the cars from 1910. Emmeti Grafica, Italy. ASIN B001NF7RUC. 

External links[edit]