Alfa Romeo GTV and Spider

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This article is about the 916 series Alfa Romeo GTV and Spider. For the 1966- 1993 Alfa Romeo Spider, see Alfa Romeo Spider. For the Alfa Romeo Alfetta GTV, see Alfa Romeo Alfetta. For the Alfa Romeo GTV built between 1967 and 1976, see Alfa Romeo 105/115 Series Coupés.
Alfa Romeo GTV & Spider
Alfa Romeo Spider 2002.JPG
Alfa Romeo Spider
Overview
Manufacturer Alfa Romeo
Production 1993-2004
Model years 1995–2005 (GTV)
1995–2006 (Spider)
Assembly Arese, Milan, Italy (Alfa Romeo)
San Giorgio Canavese, Turin, Italy (Pininfarina, from 2000)[1]
Designer Enrico Fumia (Pininfarina)[2]
Centro Stile Alfa Romeo under Walter de Silva (interiors)[3]
Pininfarina (Phase 3)
Body and chassis
Class Sports car
Body style coupé
roadster
Layout Front-engine, front-wheel-drive
Platform Fiat Tipo 2
Powertrain
Engine 1.8 L TS 16V l4
2.0 L TS 16V I4
2.0 L JTS 16V I4
2.0 L V6 12V turbo
3.0 L V6 12V
3.0 L V6 24V
3.2 L V6 24V
Transmission 5 and 6-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,540 mm (100.0 in)
Length 4,285 mm (168.7 in)
4,299 mm (169.3 in) (Phase 3)
Width 1,780 mm (70.1 in)
1,776 mm (69.9 in) (Phase 3)
Height 1,318 mm (51.9 in)
1,315 mm (51.8 in) (Spider)
Curb weight 1,350–1,470 kg (2,980–3,240 lb)
Chronology
Predecessor Alfa Romeo Giulia Spider
Alfa Romeo Alfetta GT, GTV & GTV6
Successor Alfa Romeo Brera & Spider

The Alfa Romeo GTV (Gran Turismo Veloce) (English: Fast Grand Tourer) and Alfa Romeo Spider were two sports cars produced by the Italian manufacturer Alfa Romeo from 1995 to 2006. It is also known by Alfa Romeo's internal designation 916. The GTV is a 2+2 coupé, and the Spider is a two-seater roadster version of the GTV. Around 39,000 Spider and 41,700 GTVs were built from 1993 to 2004.

The GTV's name placed it as the successor to the long-discontinued Alfetta GTV coupé, whereas the Spider was effectively the replacement for the then 30 year-old Giulia Spider. The GTV was available until the launch of the Brera in 2005, while the Spider lasted another year until the launch of its Brera-based successor in 2006.

Alfa Romeo GTV is listed at no. 29 in Jeremy Clarkson's Top 100 Cars from 2001.

Design[edit]

Spider rear end

Both cars were designed by Enrico Fumia[4] at Pininfarina.[5] The GTV was planned to re-establish the sporty coupe tradition of Alfa Romeo for the 1990s. The design dates back to initial renderings of September 1987 and first clay models to complete 1:1 scale model in July 1988.[6] After Vittorio Ghidella (Fiat CEO) accepted the design, Alfa Romeo Centro Stile under Walter de Silva was responsible for the completion of the detail work and also for the design of the interiors, as Pininfarina's proposal was not accepted.[3] The Spider and GTV were based on the then-current Fiat Group platform, called Tipo Due (or Type 2),[5] in this case a heavily modified version with an all new multilink rear suspension. The front suspension and drivetrain was based on the 1992 Alfa Romeo 155 saloon. Chief engineer at that time was Bruno Cena. Drag coefficient was 0.33 for the GTV and 0.38 for the Spider.

It is a typical Italian design, with the Alfa Romeo grille with dual round headlights, recalling the Audi-based Pininfarina Quartz, another design by Enrico Fumia from 1981. It is low-slung, wedge-shaped with a low nose and high kicked up tail. The back of the car is "cut-off" with a "Kamm tail" giving improved aerodynamics. The Spider shares these traits with the GTV except that the rear is rounded. The Spider featured a folding soft-top with five hoop frame, which completely disappears from sight under a flush fitting cover. An electric folding mechanism was fitted as an option.

Details included a one-piece rear lamp/foglamp/indicator strip across the rear of the body, the minor instruments in the centre console angled towards the driver. At its launch, many journalists commented that Alfa had improved overall build quality considerably and that it came very close to equalling its German rivals.

Awards[edit]

1995, Autocar Magazine: "1995 Car of the Year".
1995, Car Magazine: "Best Designed Car".
1995, Car Magazine: Best Design Detail in production.
1995: "The World's most Beautiful Automobile" award.
"Engineer of the Year" for chief Alfa Romeo engineer, Bruno Cena.

History[edit]

GTV/Spider production figures*
Body 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 Totals
GTV 779 2,853 1,020 1,521 589 6,762
Spider 710 3,207 1,896 2,094 1,119 9,026
Totals 1,489 6,060 2,916 3,615 1,708 15,788

*At San Giorgio Canavese, stated by Pininfarina production records
The GTV was initially offered with 2.0 TS or 2.0 V6 Turbo, while Spider with 2.0 TS or 3.0 V6 12V.

The exterior design was finished in July 1988. Production began in late 1993 with four cars, all 3.0 V6 Spiders, assembled at the Alfa Romeo Arese Plant in Milan. In early 1994 the first GTV was produced, with 2.0 Twin Spark engine. The first premiere was then held at the Paris Motor Show in 1994.[7] The GTV and Spider were officially launched at the Geneva Motor Show in March 1995 and sales began the same year.[8]

1997 changes[edit]

In 1997 a new engine, a 24-valve 3.0 litre V6, was available for the GTV along with bigger, 305 mm (12.0 in) brakes and red four-pot calipers from Brembo. The console knobs were changed from round central to rectangle ones and to a three-spoke steering wheel. Some versions were upgraded with different front bumper mesh to bring the wind noise down to 74 dBA.

1998 facelift[edit]

In May 1998 the cars were revamped for the first time (Phase 2), mainly the interior was changed with new center console, painted letters on skirt seals, changed controls and switches arrangement and different instrument cluster. On the exterior main changes included chrome frame around the grille and color-coded side skirts and bumpers. A new engine was introduced, the 144 PS (106 kW; 142 hp) 1.8 Twin Spark, and others were changed: the 2.0 Twin Spark was updated with a modular intake manifold with different length intakes and a different plastic cover. Power output of the 2.0 TS was raised to 155 PS (114 kW; 153 hp). Engines changed engine management units and have a nomenclature of CF2. The dashboard was available in two new colours in addition to the standard black: Red Style and Blue Style, and with it new colour-coded upholstery and carpets. 3.0 24V got a six-speed manual gearbox as standard. The 2.0 V6 TB engine was now also available for the Spider.

2000 engine revamp[edit]

In August 2000 saw the revamp of engines to comply with new emission regulations Euro3. New engines were slightly detuned, and have a new identification code: CF3. 3.0 V6 12V was discontinued for the Spider and replaced with 24V Euro3 version from the GTV. 2.0 V6 Turbo and 1.8 T.Spark were discontinued as they did not comply with Euro3 emissions. For M.Y. 2001-2002 only 2 engines are left, 2.0 T.Spark and 3.0 V6 24V, until Phase 3 engine range arrives. Arese Plant was closing and, in October 2000, the production of GTV/Spider was transferred to Pininfarina Plant in San Giorgio Canavese in Turin. GTV/Spider were the last Alfa Romeos made at Arese plant.

2003 facelift[edit]

In 2003 arrived a new and last revamp (Phase 3), also designed in Pininfarina but not by Enrico Fumia. Main changes are focused on the front with new 147-style grille and different front bumpers with offset numberplate holder. Change in interior was minimal with different center console and upholstery pattern and colours available. Instrument illumination colour was changed from green to red. Main specification change is an ASR traction control, not available for 2.0 TS Base model. New engines were introduced: 165 PS (121 kW; 163 hp) 2.0 JTS with direct petrol injection and 240 PS (177 kW; 237 hp) 3.2 V6 24V allowing 255 km/h (158 mph) top speed.

In late 2004 production was ended at Pininfarina's plant. Some cars were still available for purchase till 2006.

Characteristics[edit]

Spider interior

Engines[edit]

For engines, the 1.8 16V (144 PS (106 kW; 142 hp)) and 2.0 16V Twin Spark (150 PS (110.3 kW; 147.9 hp)) were available along with a turbocharged 2.0 V6 12V that produced 202 PS (149 kW; 199 hp) or a 3.0 V6 in either 12 (192 PS (141 kW; 189 hp)) or 24 valves (220 PS (162 kW; 217 hp)) and finally a 3.2 V6 24 valve (240 PS (177 kW; 237 hp)).

The 2.0 V6, called V6 TB, was developed because of an Italian law that put an extra sales tax on cars with engines larger than two litres. It is basically a sleeved-down version of the three litre V6. The turbo was added for extra power while avoiding the tax. Both 12-valve engines have redline at about 6,500 rpm, while 16 and 24-valve engines have 7,000 rpm.

The 2.0 16V Twin Spark engine based on Fiat SuperFIRE-family block with Alfa Romeo designed cylinder head. It has variable inlet cam timing, giving 25 degrees of variation to improve torque and give a more linear power delivery. The 2.0 TS engine has two belt driven balance shafts to improve the smoothness of the engine, rotating at twice the engine speed. The 1.8 does not have any balance shafts. The TS was the best-selling version of the GTV and Spider. CF2 and CF3 engines have plastic valve cover and variable-length intake manifold.

The 3.2 V6 24V GTV 240 PS (177 kW; 237 hp) was fastest Stradale Alfa Romeo, capable of 0–100 km/h in just over six seconds and a top speed of 255 km/h (158 mph).

The last restyle of the GTV in 2003 also introduced the 2.0 JTS (165 PS (121 kW; 163 hp)) engine, which uses direct injection, in a similar way to a diesel engine. This engine uses only one spark plug per cylinder but retained variable-length inlet manifold and variable valve timing on intake camshaft.

Specifications[edit]

2.0L V6 12V Turbo
3.0L V6 24V engine
Model Engine Displacement Max. power output Peak torque 0–100 km/h,s
0-62 mph,s
Top speed CO2 emissions Years Note Engine code
1.8 TS I4 1,747 cc (106.6 cu in) 106 kW (144 PS) at 6,500 rpm 169 N·m (125 lb·ft) at 3,500 rpm 9.2 210 km/h (130 mph) 210 g/km 05/1998–08/2000 Euro2 AR 32201
2.0 TS I4 1,970 cc (120 cu in) 110 kW (150 PS) at 6,200 rpm 186 N·m (137 lb·ft) at 4,000 rpm 8.4 216 km/h (134 mph) 225 g/km 1995–05/1998 Euro1 AR 16201
2.0 TS I4 1,970 cc (120 cu in) 114 kW (155 PS) at 6,400 rpm 187 N·m (138 lb·ft) at 3,500 rpm 8.4 216 km/h (134 mph) 220 g/km 05/1998–08/2000 Euro2 AR 32301
2.0 TS I4 1,970 cc (120 cu in) 110 kW (150 PS) at 6,300 rpm 181 N·m (133 lb·ft) at 3,800 rpm 8.5 215 km/h (134 mph) 220 g/km 08/2000–2006 Euro3 AR 32310
2.0 JTS I4 1,970 cc (120 cu in) 121 kW (165 PS) at 6,400 rpm 206 N·m (152 lb·ft) at 3,250 rpm 8.4 220 km/h (137 mph) 220 g/km 04/2003–2006 Euro 4 937A1000
2.0 V6 TB V6 1,996 cc (121.8 cu in) 147 kW (200 PS) at 6,000 rpm 271 N·m (200 lb·ft) at 2,400 rpm
(280 N·m (207 lb·ft) with overboost)
7.4 235 km/h (146 mph) 260 g/km 1995–08/2000 Euro1/E2 AR 16202
3.0 V6 12V V6 2,959 cc (180.6 cu in) 141 kW (192 PS) at 5,600 rpm 260 N·m (192 lb·ft) at 4,400 rpm 7.3 225 km/h (140 mph) 265 g/km 1995–08/2000 Spider Euro1/E2 AR 16101
3.0 V6 24V V6 2,959 cc (180.6 cu in) 165 kW (225 PS) at 6,300 rpm 270 N·m (199 lb·ft) at 5,000 rpm 6.7 240 km/h (149 mph) 278 g/km 1997–05/1998 GTV Euro1 AR 16102
3.0 V6 24V V6 2,959 cc (180.6 cu in) 162 kW (220 PS) at 6,300 rpm 270 N·m (199 lb·ft) at 5,000 rpm 6.7 240 km/h (149 mph)[9] 278 g/km 05/1998–08/2000 GTV Euro2 AR 16102
3.0 V6 24V V6 2,959 cc (180.6 cu in) 160 kW (218 PS) at 6,300 rpm 265 N·m (195 lb·ft) at 5,000 rpm 6.8 238 km/h (148 mph) 278 g/km 08/2000–04/2003 Euro3 AR 16105
3.2 V6 24V V6 3,179 cc (194.0 cu in) 176 kW (240 PS) at 6,200 rpm 289 N·m (213 lb·ft) at 4,800 rpm 6.3 255 km/h (158 mph) 315 g/km 04/2003–2006 Euro3 936A6000

*performance values for GTV, unless otherwise stated
**top speed with aerokit +5 km/h (3 mph) for all, +10 km/h (6 mph) for 3.0 V6 24V

Fuel economy[edit]

Engine Combined Urban Extra-urban
1.8 TS 8.9 L/100 km (32 mpg-imp; 26 mpg-US) 12.9 L/100 km (21.9 mpg-imp; 18.2 mpg-US) 6.5 L/100 km (43 mpg-imp; 36 mpg-US)
2.0 TS 9.2 L/100 km (31 mpg-imp; 26 mpg-US) 13.3 L/100 km (21.2 mpg-imp; 17.7 mpg-US) 6.8 L/100 km (42 mpg-imp; 35 mpg-US)
2.0 JTS 9.2 L/100 km (31 mpg-imp; 26 mpg-US) 13.3 L/100 km (21.2 mpg-imp; 17.7 mpg-US) 6.8 L/100 km (42 mpg-imp; 35 mpg-US)
2.0 V6 TB 10.8 L/100 km (26 mpg-imp; 22 mpg-US) 16.6 L/100 km (17.0 mpg-imp; 14.2 mpg-US) 7.5 L/100 km (38 mpg-imp; 31 mpg-US)
3.0 V6 12V 11.0 L/100 km (26 mpg-imp; 21.4 mpg-US) 16.8 L/100 km (16.8 mpg-imp; 14.0 mpg-US) 7.6 L/100 km (37 mpg-imp; 31 mpg-US)
3.0 V6 24V 11.7 L/100 km (24 mpg-imp; 20.1 mpg-US) 16.8 L/100 km (16.8 mpg-imp; 14.0 mpg-US) 8.7 L/100 km (32 mpg-imp; 27 mpg-US)
3.2 V6 24V 13.2 L/100 km (21.4 mpg-imp; 17.8 mpg-US) 19.9 L/100 km (14.2 mpg-imp; 11.8 mpg-US) 9.3 L/100 km (30 mpg-imp; 25 mpg-US)

*factory data

Equipment[edit]

The GTV/Spider was equipped as standard with power steering, driver and passenger airbag, automatic air conditioning, front seatbelt pretensioners, Bosch ABS (with EBD from 1998), electric heated door mirrors, electric frameless windows with one-touch operation for the driver's side, height adjustable headlamps, front and rear foglights, third brake light, fire prevention system, reach and rake adjustable leather clad steering wheel, stitched leather gear knob, an automatic electric aerial, a stereo radio/cassette with six speakers and central locking with Alfa-CODE immobiliser, internal electric release for the bootlid and filler flap. The additional options were: alarm system, passenger-side airbag removal, electric heated seats (GTV only), metallic paint, iridescent paint (only with Lusso trim), leather MOMO seats (only with Lusso trim) and electric sunroof (GTV only). For the Spider some cars could be equipped with an electric hood folding mechanism.

The Lusso was a separate trim rather than an option pack and the standard car was renamed the "Turismo" from "Medio" in the UK. Medio and Lusso trims on phase 1 and 2 cars were available with almost any engine, except for Medio-only 1.8 L TS. Phase 3 cars were divided into Medio-only 2.0 L JTS and Lusso-only 3.2 L V6, also available was "Base" M.Y. 2003 2.0 L TS.

Blue Style and Red Style interiors were available with Lusso trim on Phase 2 and on all Phase 3 cars. Blue Style consisted of blue dashboard and white or blue leather MOMO seats, while Red Style had red dashboard with red or black leather MOMO seats. Rest of the equipment and options remain unchanged. With standard black dashboard there were 4 leather MOMO seat colours to choose from (excluding limited editions): black, red and tan. Also light-grey but only for Spider. On Phase 1 cars the leather MOMO seats were available in 3 colours: red, tan and white.

Technical[edit]

The car was produced in three distinct phases. The phase 1 cars had a black plastic grille in the nose of the bonnet, without the chrome edging.

All CF3 versions have three catalytic converters installed, two of them at the exhaust manifold. Previous CF1 and CF2 engines had only one catalytic converter.[10]

The fuel tank has a capacity of 70 litres (18 US gal; 15 imp gal). The battery is located in the passenger compartment, behind the seats, in the Spider, whereas it is located the boot in the GTV. The optional CD auto changer is located in the boot, and the fuel tank is ahead of the rear axle line, behind the rear seats for increased safety. The power assisted steering has a very high ratio, giving 2.2 turns lock-to-lock. The bonnet and bootlid are supported on nitrogen filled struts. A spacesaver spare wheel was supplied, and there was a no-cost option of an aerosol can of tyre repair sealant. This was a factory standard from 1998 as it increased the usable size of the very small boot to 155 litres (5.5 cu ft).

To save weight the bonnet was made from a composite material called KMC[11] (composed of polyester and fiberglass, and using epoxi adhesives also), while front wings were made in PUR plastic. At the time, the bonnet was the largest single composite moulding on a production car. When the bonnet is opened, two rectangular Hella headlamps are revealed with separate bulbs for dip and main beam, behind the four round holes in the bonnet. The bodyshell was galvanised with full plastic wheelarch liners and is therefore rustproof. Weight distribution for four cylinder engined car is 61% front/39% rear and for a V6 is 63% front/37% rear[12]

As would be expected, the GTV has a much more rigid chassis, up to 64% stiffer,[13] although considerable work was done on the Spider to reduce the traditional convertible problem of scuttle shake. Spider also features a reinforced A-pillars.

Wheels are 15 inch perforated steel as standard, 16 inch teardrop alloy wheels with 205/50 tyres were part of the Lusso option package. From Phase 2 and 3 16 inch teardrop alloy wheels became standard with factory option of 17 inch alloy wheels and 225/45 tyres.

Criticisms of the model have been that it is hard to park due to its large turning circle and low seating position, which mean that the end of the bonnet and corners are outside the driver's line of sight. The doors are very long and need plenty of space in a car park.

Kerb weight*
Phase 1 Phase 2 Phase 3
Body 2.0 TS 2.0 V6 TB 3.0 V6 12V 3.0 V6 24V 1.8 TS 2.0 TS 2.0 V6 TB 3.0 V6 12V 3.0 V6 24V 2.0 TS 2.0 JTS 3.2 V6 24V
GTV 1,370 kg (3,020 lb) 1,430 kg (3,153 lb) n/a 1,415 kg (3,120 lb) 1,350 kg (2,976 lb) 1,370 kg (3,020 lb) 1,430 kg (3,153 lb) n/a 1,415 kg (3,120 lb) 1,370 kg (3,020 lb) 1,370 kg (3,020 lb) 1,445 kg (3,186 lb)
Spider 1,370 kg (3,020 lb) n/a 1,420 kg (3,131 lb) n/a 1,350 kg (2,976 lb) 1,370 kg (3,020 lb) 1,430 kg (3,153 lb) 1,420 kg (3,131 lb) 1,415 kg (3,120 lb) 1,405 kg (3,097 lb) 1,405 kg (3,097 lb) 1,470 kg (3,241 lb)

*from: sales brochures, owners manuals and repair manuals

Suspension[edit]

The front suspension utilises a fairly conventional set-up that comprises MacPherson struts, offset coil springs, lower wishbones and an anti-roll bar.

The independent, multiple arm rear suspension comprises quadrilateral goemetry with an upper triangle, double lower arms, coil springs and anti-roll bar secured to a light alloy subframe which is, in turn, mounted onto the car's body. The design of this geometry, and the fine tuning of the bushes, is such that during initial stages of a turn, the centrifugal forces create a small 'rear wheel steer' effect in the opposite direction to the way the front wheels are being pointed. Then, as the centrifugal forces build up through the corner, the rear wheels start steering in the same direction as the front wheels. The result is a more positive 'attack' into the first stages of cornering and increased stability in the later stages. This multilink rear suspension was designed by Gianclaudio Travaglio.[6]

Brakes[edit]

Cars have disc brakes all round, while most versions had 284 mm (11.2 in) Lucas or ATE system ventilated-discs at the front, some Spiders (1.8 TS and 2.0 TS) had 257 mm (10.1 in) Altecna-system. 3.0 V6 24V GTV and Spider had 305 mm (12.0 in) Brembo-system ventilated-discs with 4-pot calipers painted red with white 'Alfa Romeo" lettering. All cars had 240 mm (9.4 in) Lucas-system solid-discs at the back.

GTV/Spider production figures[14]
Engine Body 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 Totals
3.0 12V Spider 30 925 955 619 591 325 293 0 0 0 0 3,738
2.0 TS Spider 32 4,684 5,918 4,009 3,309 2,717 2,589 2,497 1,676 382 229 28,043
2.0 TS GTV 37 4,400 6,383 3,907 2,909 2,182 1,212 1,972 598 222 0 23,822
2.0 V6 TB Spider 0 0 0 0 109 321 14 0 0 0 0 444
2.0 V6 TB GTV 4 1718 3431 1071 522 47 121 0 0 0 0 6,914
3.0 24V Spider 0 0 0 0 0 0 94 762 421 65 0 1,342
3.0 24V GTV 0 0 212 1,188 1,809 1,170 770 930 207 71 0 6,357
1.8 TS Spider 0 0 0 0 1,287 1,134 430 0 0 0 0 2,851
1.8 TS GTV 0 0 0 0 1,162 1,257 454 0 0 0 0 2,873
3.2 24V Spider 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 394 154 551
3.2 24V GTV 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 5 370 137 512
2.0 JTS Spider 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1,294 824 2,119
2.0 JTS GTV 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 812 368 1,181
Totals* 6,060 2,916 3,615 1,708
Totals** 103 11,727 16,899 10,794 11,698 9,153 5,977 6,161 2,912 3,611 1,712 80,747

*stated by Pininfarina production records
**stated by Robert Foskett: Alfa Romeo 916 GTV and Spider: The Complete Story

Limited editions[edit]

GTV Cup Edition

There were numerous limited edition GTV and Spider available. All can be categorized into 3 groups: Edizione Sportiva GTV 2001, Special Series 2001 and Limited Editions 2002. Almost all have the titanium-like finished center console without the Alfa Romeo script. All Special Series (except for some German-market Edizione Classica) cars have a silver numbered plaque on the side of the center console. All of the cars except for the first have unique version codes. All Spiders have electrically-operated hood. All cars are in Lusso-trim equipment. Total numbers for each limited edition vary from as little as 8 or 10 to 419 or 700.

GTV Cup 2001[edit]

The GTV Cup is a limited edition based on the 3.0 V6 version of the Alfa Romeo GTV, inspired by a one-model Alfa GTV Cup race series. It is a genuinely limited edition of only 419 cars,[15][16] produced in 2001. There were 180 3.0 V6 24V GTV Cups, out of which 155 RHD versions and 239 cars with 150 PS (110 kW; 148 hp) 2.0 TS were available in LHD only. 3.0 V6 cars were only in red while 2.0 TS cars were mostly silver with few examples in red. Limited edition plaques, that were made of silver, differed for the RHD and LHD versions, having red and black texts accordingly. Differences between standard car and the Cup version are factory standard rear spoiler, front spoiler, side skirts, wheel arch side vents and titanium-like finish 17-inch 'telephone dial' alloys;[17] mechanically it's the same as the regular 218 PS (160 kW; 215 hp) V6. Also the interior is different from standard model with leather-material upholstery. 2.0 TS GTV Cups have 4-pot Brembo callipers as have 3.0 V6 GTVs.

Edizione Sportiva GTV 2001[edit]

German-market GTV available as a limited edition "Edizione Sportiva".[18] Cars were only available with 2.0 TS or 3.0 V6 24V CF3 engines and produced in 2001. GTV Edizione Sportiva differed from the standard car by having black leather upholstery with red stitching, red carpets, front wings from Zender, Blaupunkt radio/navi with 10-CD changer in the boot, electric seats, 17-inch 'teledial' alloys and was available only in Nero Met. Edizione Sportiva was limited to 500 cars, but around 200 were made. This is the only limited edition to have the Alfa Romeo script on the center console and the only edition to lack the unique version code.

GTV Serie Speciale 'Elegant' 2001[edit]

GTV 'Elegant' was available in Blu Vela Met. or Nero Met. and had brown leather upholstery, darker than the standard tanned leather; and black carpets. Also there were additional leather strips underneath the door armrest, as have most limited editions. It also has a "Serie Limitata" numbered plaque on the titanium-like finished center console. Available with CF3 engines: 2.0 TS and 3.0 V6 24V.

Edizione Classica Spider 2001[edit]

Spider only, 2001 limited edition with either a 2.0 TS or 3.0 V6 24V engine. Sold only in Nero Met. with 17-inch high-gloss 'teledial' alloys and electric hood. Center console with limited edition numbered plaque and without the "Alfa Romeo" script.[18] The interior is light grey upholstery combined with black carpets, although German-market cars appear as regular cars with light grey carpets and regular center console.

Spider Serie Speciale 'Elegant' 2001[edit]

Spider, available in Giallo Ginestra or Grigio Chiaro Met. with Blue Style dashboard and matching blue leather Momo seats and carpets. Blue electric hood, high-gloss finished 'teledial' alloys and limited edition numbered plaque on the center console. Only 600 cars offered with 2.0 TS or 3.0 V6 24V but around 300 were made.

Motus GTV 2002[edit]

GTV only, Nero Met. exterior with two-part Zender kit, perforated black upholstery interior with red leather Momo seats, titanium-like finished center console without limited edition plaque, 17-inch alloys.[19] Other combination features Rosso Miro Pearl. exterior and perforated black leather interior. Available with 2.0 TS and Nero Met. also with 3.0 V6 24V.

Lux GTV 2002[edit]

Two different GTV editions. Grigio Chiaro Met. exterior and 'tango' leather interior with black carpets. Azzurro Nuvola Pearl. exterior and Black Leather interior. 2.0 TS only.

Edizione Sportiva Spider 2002[edit]

Spider Edizione Sportiva was equipped with side skirts and front wings from Zender, available only in Grigio Chiaro Met. with perforated black leather upholstery with red stitching. All limited-edition Spiders had titanium-like finished center consoles, without the "Alfa Romeo" sign and unlike serie speciales didn't have a limited edition plaque. All were offered with 17-inch alloys and electrically folded hood.

Edizione Elegante Spider 2002[edit]

Spider Edizione Elegante was available only in Nero Met. and had two-tone leather seats, either black-light grey or black-red with matching side panels upholstery, equipped with 2.0 TS or 3.0 V6 24V.

Lux Spider 2002[edit]

Three different Spider editions. Blue Lightning Met. exterior and 'tango' leather interior with blue electric hood. Grigio Chiaro Met. exterior and Black-Lys Grey Leather interior with black hood. Rosso Miro Pearl. exterior and Red-Black Leather interior with black hood. 2.0 TS only with Blue Lightning Met. available also with 3.0 V6 24V.

Spider Sport Limited Edition 2002[edit]

Spider available only in Nero Met. and Motus-like interior with black carpets, black upholstery and perforated red leather seats, equipped with 2.0 TS or 3.0 V6 24V.

Spider Elegant Limited Edition 2002[edit]

Spider available only in Grigio Chiaro Met. with two-tone interior: black-tango leather, equipped with 2.0 TS or 3.0 V6 24V.

Spider Elegant Limited Edition 2002[edit]

Spider available only in Blu Lightning Met. and Lys Grey Leather interior, equipped only with 3.0 V6 24V.

Edizione Nero Spider 2004[edit]

Phase 3 Spider only, available from March 2004, limited to 30 cars in Austria with total 150 cars. Black metallic with black/silver cloth interior 2.0 JTS engine.[18]

Spider Edizione 2004[edit]

Phase 3 Spider only, available in Rosso Miro Pearl. or Blu Reims Met. only with 2.0 JTS engine. Interior either Red or Blue Cloth or Black Leather. Limited to 350 cars total. Limited to Medio trim.[18]

Motorsport[edit]

Alfa GTV Cup[edit]

Main article: Alfa GTV Cup

Prototypes[edit]

Vivace[edit]

Main article: Alfa Romeo Vivace

Twin cars, coupé and spider, made as a preview of upcoming 916-series. Styled in 1986 by Diego Ottina at Pininfarina with cues from then-ready Alfa 164.

Proteo[edit]

Main article: Alfa Romeo Proteo

Alfa 164-based concept from 1991, designed by Walter de Silva with styling cues from then-ready GTV/Spider design.

Vola[edit]

Main article: Alfa Romeo Vola

Concept car styled by Leonardo Fioravanti in 2000, based on Spider chassis with 3.0 V6 12V engine.

Spider Monoposto[edit]

Main article: Alfa Romeo Monospider

References[edit]

  1. ^ "PRODUZIONE COMPLESSIVA" (PDF). pininfarina.it. Archived from the original on 2011-06-05. Retrieved 2007-08-03. 
  2. ^ "Production cars". fumiadesign.com. Archived from the original on 2012-10-16. Retrieved 2012-02-13. 
  3. ^ a b "Jaroslaw Borzdynski's interview with Enrico Fumia". bozhdynsky.com. 2012. 
  4. ^ "The Same, only Better - GTV", Car Magazine, May 1995 
  5. ^ a b "Alfa Romeo GTV (1995)". autozine.org. Archived from the original on 2007-05-27. Retrieved 2007-04-25. 
  6. ^ a b "Alfa Romeo Spider / GTV 916". alfa-models.com. Retrieved 2012-10-21. 
  7. ^ "Alfa Romeo". pininfarina.com. Archived from the original on 2011-05-21. Retrieved 2012-02-13. 
  8. ^ "Alfa Romeo GTV et Spider". salon-auto.ch. Archived from the original on 2010-10-26. 
  9. ^ "Technical specifications of 1997 Alfa Romeo GTV 3.0 24v". carfolio.com. Archived from the original on 2012-10-16. Retrieved 2007-08-11. 
  10. ^ "CF1/2/3 Engine Identification". alfaworkshop.co.uk. Archived from the original on 2012-10-16. Retrieved 2012-06-10. 
  11. ^ "Buyers Guide Alfa Romeo Spider & GTV 916". alfisti.net. Archived from the original on 2012-10-16. Retrieved 2007-06-05. 
  12. ^ "Vivid, Virile, Verde - GTV 3.0". Motor Australia. September. 1998. 
  13. ^ "Post Graduate - Spider 2.0 Twin Spark 16V", Autocar Magazine, August 2, 1995 
  14. ^ Robert Foskett: Alfa Romeo 916 GTV and Spider: The Complete Story. 2012. 
  15. ^ "Alfaowner.com GTV Cup List". alfaowner.com. Retrieved 2012-03-28. 
  16. ^ "Alfa Romeo GTV 3.0 V6". evo.co.uk. Archived from the original on 2010-10-28. Retrieved 2012-02-13. 
  17. ^ "Road Test - 2001 Alfa Romeo GTV Cup". carenthusiast.com. Archived from the original on 2012-10-16. Retrieved 2012-02-13. 
  18. ^ a b c d "Les Alfa Series Speciales". Archived from the original on 2012-10-16. Retrieved 2012-02-13. 
  19. ^ "Motus Edizione Speciale" (in Italian). Archived from the original on 2012-10-16. Retrieved 2012-02-14. 

External links[edit]