Alfa Romeo Pomigliano d'Arco Plant

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Aerial view, 2010

The Alfa Romeo Pomigliano d'Arco plant, commonly known as the Alfasud Pomigliano and renamed in 2008 as "Giambattista Vico" in memory of the Neapolitan philosopher,[1] is a car factory, situated in the town of Pomigliano d'Arco, and partly in Acerra. The factory is nowadays owned by the Fiat S.p.A. Designed in 1968 by Alfa Romeo, the factory began car production in 1972. Today the plant has about 6,000 employees. The last Alfa Romeo model produced in Pomigliano was the Alfa Romeo 159 in 28 October 2011,[2] the factory was converted to build the new Fiat Panda.[3]

History[edit]

The first plant[edit]

In 1938 the Istituto per la Ricostruzione Industriale commissioned the Alfa Romeo to build a large plant for the production of aircraft engines coupled with a small airport. The choice fell on Pomigliano d'Arco, and thanks to the work of the engineer Ugo Gobbato it gave birth to a technologically advanced Aeronautical Center, able to produce engines for the technologically advanced era. The industrial complex completed just before the outbreak of World War II was one of the largest and most modern in Europe. To improve the living conditions of employees, residents in the area, there was built from scratch an entire neighborhood with about six hundred homes[4] each of which had a small garden, while for foreigners it was built a hotel about seven hundred people.

In 1942 began series production of Daimler engines, the most commonly used by German companies. In 1943 the complex was completed with two other aerospace centers of production, for "complete structures" and "light alloys". Shortly after, two bombs destroyed the cities along the Alfa Romeo factory.

Reconstruction[edit]

The production of aircraft engines did not start until 1952, when the reconstruction and establishment of the city was done.

Meanwhile Finmeccanica had founded, in part of the Aeronautical Center, the Officine di Costruzioni Aeronautiche e Ferroviarie Aerfer. Initially there was produced railway vehicles and trolleybuses then the '"Aerfer" also worked on commission for the production of parts for fighter jets for the Air Force and NATO. Just the experience of construction of these parts, since the second half of the fifties, the Pomigliano began to be based development and construction of new prototypes for fighter aircraft, whose projects were financially supported by the United States.

The birth of the Alfasud[edit]

At the end of the sixties Alfa Romeo had two factories in Italy: the first built in 1910 in Portello, a suburb of Milan, the second was the Alfa Romeo factory in Arese opened in 1963, in the province of Milan. In this period the Italian Government, the owner of IRI and then of Alfa Romeo decided to implement some measures to encourage the development of southern Italy and stem the emigration of many young people who moved to the north in search of work. So, with the opposition of the then President of Alfa Giuseppe Luraghi, it financed the construction of a new factory for the production of cars next to the existing facility "Alfa Romeo Avio" Pomigliano d'Arco. Thus was born the great project called "Alfasud".

The plant for car manufacturing was made very quickly. In 1967 was started the design of the plant and the new car model (the ' Alfasud ), both under the technical responsibility by engineer Rudolf Hruska, one of the most important engineers of the era, former "right hand" of Ferdinand Porsche and consultant to Fiat, Simca and Abarth.

The management of the operation, led by Hruska, was made completely independent by creating Alfasud S.p.A., based in Pomigliano d'Arco, which operated in the establishment and completion of the design of the new model, in a formally independent from the so-called "Alfanord" in Arese.

On 15 January 1968, after dozens of projects proposed and discussed, the general plan was submitted on for building the plant Alfasud Pomigliano d'Arco, which included the construction of new plants and beginning production in January 1972 .

The 'Construction Industry Neapolitan Vehicles Alfa Romeo - Alfasud S.p.A. was born on 17 January 1968 with shareholders Alfa Romeo (88%), Finmeccanica (10%) and IRI (2%). For the project were allocated just over 300 billion lire largely funded by the Cassa per il Mezzogiorno and Banco di Napoli.

The laying of the cornerstone took place on 28 April 1968, in the presence of Prime Minister Aldo Moro.

Despite several delays, due to the many strikes by organized workers, Hruska was able to complete the work and begin production, with only three months late, in April 1972 .

From the 1980s to today[edit]

In 1982 the ' Alfasud S.p.A. changed its name to "INCA Investments."

In 1986, Finmeccanica was forced to sell Alfa Romeo shares to Fiat for financial reasons and therefore the plant became part of Fiat Group.

Under new management, following the merger between Lancia and Alfa Romeo, the factory was renamed "Plant Alfa-Lancia Pomigliano d'Arco".

Following the corporate restructuring of 2007 the Fiat Group auto business become Fiat Group Automobiles S.p.A., Alfa turned into Alfa Romeo Automobiles S.p.A. as a result, in 2008, the factory was renamed to "Fiat Group Automobiles - Giambattista Vico plant."

On July 19 of 2010 Fiat sells ownership of the factory and its workers' contractual relationship to the subsidiary factory Pomigliano Italy.

The first car[edit]

The first car produced at the plant, was the Alfasud. That was the first front wheel drive Alfa Romeo production car, until then all the cars produced by Alfa were rear-wheel drive. The Alfasud was presented in 1971 at the Turin Motor Show. It was a hatchback with a tail fastback four-door (tailgate came only in 1982 ). The commercialization of the first series gave enormous fruits, because sales in those years amounted to about seventy thousand vehicles.

List of cars produced to date[edit]

Image Brand Model Production start Production end Production number
Alfasud orange.jpg Alfa Romeo Alfasud (first serie) 1972 1980 642,528
MHV Alfa-Romeo Alfasud Giardiniera 02.jpg Alfa Romeo Alfasud Giardinetta 1975 1980 5,097
Alfasud Coupe Bianca.JPG Alfa Romeo Alfasud Sprint 1976 1988 121,184
Alfasud.jpg Alfa Romeo Alfasud (second serie) 1980 1984 203,904
Trentatre 1986.jpg Alfa Romeo 33 (first serie) 1983 1990 989,324 (1983–1995)
Alfa Arna.JPG Alfa Romeo Arna (only mechnics) 1983 1987 53,344
Alfa Romeo 33 Break.jpg Alfa Romeo 33 Sportwagon (first serie) 1984 1990
Fiat Tipo.jpg Fiat Fiat Tipo 1989 1990[2]
Autobianchi Y10 Roma.jpg Autobianchi Autobianchi Y10 1987 1995[2]
Alfa Romeo 33 1.3 VL 1991.jpg Alfa Romeo 33 (second serie) 1990 1994
Alfa Romeo 33 SportWagon rear.JPG Alfa Romeo 33 Sportwagon (second serie) 1990 1994
Alfa Romeo 155 front 20070321.jpg Alfa Romeo 155 1992 1997 191,949
Alfa Romeo 145 001.JPG Alfa Romeo 145 1994 2000 221,037
1995 Alfa Romeo 146.JPG Alfa Romeo 146 1995 2000 233,295
Alfa Romeo 156 front 20080303.jpg Alfa Romeo 156 (first serie) 1997 2003 331,877
Alfa 156 Sportwagon rear 20080403.jpg Alfa Romeo 156 Sportwagon (first serie) 2000 2003 36,220
Alfa 147 Wikipedia.jpg Alfa Romeo 147 (first serie) 2000 2004 580,000 (both series)
Alfa-Romeo-156-Giugiaro.jpg Alfa Romeo 156 (second serie) 2003 2005 312,000 (incl. SW)
Alfa Romeo 156 Sportwagon Facelift.JPG Alfa Romeo 156 Sportwagon (second serie) 2003 2005
Alfa GT front.jpg Alfa Romeo GT 2003 2010 80,832
Alfa Romeo 147 front 20080719.jpg Alfa Romeo 147 (second serie) 2004 2010
159 alfa.jpg Alfa Romeo 159 2005 2011 240,000 (incl. SW)
Alfa Romeo 159 SW rear 20080620.jpg Alfa Romeo 159 Sportwagon 2006 2011
Fiat Panda 1.2 8V Lounge (III) – Frontansicht (1), 25. Februar 2012, Düsseldorf.jpg Fiat Fiat Panda 2011

Coordinates: 40°55′36″N 14°24′05″E / 40.926756°N 14.401279°E / 40.926756; 14.401279

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Fiat, il cambiamento e Giambattista Vico". archivio.denaro.it (in Italian). Retrieved 2011-09-03. 
  2. ^ a b c "Fiat di Pomigliano: riapre la fabbrica, ma a ottobre addio all'Alfa". metropolisweb.it (in Italian). Retrieved 2011-09-04. 
  3. ^ "La nuova Fiat Panda ora è Made in Italy". omniauto.it (in Italian). Retrieved 2011-09-04. 
  4. ^ Alan Guido Mantoan. "Alfa Romeo in Southern Italy (1938-1943)." (PDF). gla.ac.uk. Retrieved 2011-09-04.