Alfalfa County, Oklahoma
|Alfalfa County, Oklahoma|
Location in the state of Oklahoma
Oklahoma's location in the U.S.
|Named for||William H. "Alfalfa Bill" Murray, ninth Governor of Oklahoma.|
881 sq mi (2,283 km²)
867 sq mi (2,245 km²)
15 sq mi (38 km²),
6.4/sq mi (2/km²)
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
Alfalfa County is a county located in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of 2010, the population is 5,642. Its county seat is Cherokee. Alfalfa County was formed in 1907 from Woods County. The county is named after William H. "Alfalfa Bill" Murray, the president of the Oklahoma Constitutional Convention and ninth governor of Oklahoma.
Indigenous peoples inhabited and hunted in this area for thousands of years. By 1750, the Osage had become a dominant tribe in the area. About one third belonged to the band led by Chief Black Dog (Manka - Chonka). Before 1800 they made the Black Dog Trail starting east of Baxter Springs, Kansas and going northwest to their summer hunting grounds at the Great Salt Plains in present-day Alfalfa County. The Osage stopped at the springs for its healing properties on their way to hunting at the plains, which attracted migratory birds and varieties of wildlife. The Osage name for this fork of the Arkansas River was Nescatunga (big salt water), what European-Americans later called the Salt Fork. The Osage cleared the trail of brush and large rocks, and made ramps at the fords. Wide enough for eight men riding horses abreast, the trail was the first improved road in Kansas and Oklahoma.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 881 square miles (2,280 km2), of which 867 square miles (2,250 km2) is land and 15 square miles (39 km2) (1.68%) is water.
Major highways 
- U.S. Highway 64
- State Highway 8
- State Highway 8B
- State Highway 11
- State Highway 38
- State Highway 45
- State Highway 58
Adjacent counties 
- Harper County, Kansas (northeast)
- Grant County (east)
- Garfield County (southeast)
- Major County (south)
- Woods County (west)
- Barber County, Kansas (northwest)
National protected area 
As of the census of 2000, there were 6,105 people, 2,199 households, and 1,482 families residing in the county. The population density was 7 people per square mile (3/km²). There were 2,832 housing units at an average density of 3 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 89.42% White, 4.19% Black or African American, 2.74% Native American, 0.11% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 1.38% from other races, and 2.11% from two or more races. 2.90% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 96.7% spoke English and 2.1% Spanish as their first language.
There were 2,199 households out of which 26.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.30% were married couples living together, 5.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.60% were non-families. 31.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.86.
In the county, the population was spread out with 19.40% under the age of 18, 6.40% from 18 to 24, 28.70% from 25 to 44, 25.20% from 45 to 64, and 20.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 131.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 142.00 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $30,259, and the median income for a family was $35,000. Males had a median income of $24,067 versus $17,944 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,704. About 11.80% of families and 13.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.30% of those under age 18 and 9.60% of those age 65 or over.
|Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of January 15, 2013|
|Party||Number of Voters||Percentage|
|2012||84.7% 1,539||15.3% 278|
|2008||83.1% 2,023||16.9% 411|
|2004||82.4% 2,201||17.6% 470|
|2000||75.2% 1,886||23.3% 583|
Cities and towns 
NRHP sites 
The following sites in Alfalfa County are listed on the National Register of Historic Places:
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Burl E. Self, "Black Dog", Oklahoma Encyclopedia of History and Culture, accessed 5 November 2009
- "Full text of "Wah Kon Tah The Osage And White Man S Road"". Retrieved 2012-01-14.
- Louis F. Burns, "Osage", Oklahoma Encyclopedia of History and Culture, accessed 5 November 2009
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Archived from the original on 4 June 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-11.
- Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture - Alfalfa County
- Oklahoma Digital Maps: Digital Collections of Oklahoma and Indian Territory
||Barber County, Kansas||Harper County, Kansas|
|Woods County||Grant County|
|Major County||Garfield County|