Alfalfa County, Oklahoma
|Alfalfa County, Oklahoma|
Location in the state of Oklahoma
Oklahoma's location in the U.S.
|Named for||William H. "Alfalfa Bill" Murray|
|• Total||881 sq mi (2,282 km2)|
|• Land||866 sq mi (2,243 km2)|
|• Water||15 sq mi (39 km2), 1.7%|
|• Density||6.5/sq mi (3/km²)|
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
Alfalfa County is a county located in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 5,666. Its county seat is Cherokee. Alfalfa County was formed in 1907 from Woods County. The county is named after William H. "Alfalfa Bill" Murray, the president of the Oklahoma Constitutional Convention and ninth governor of Oklahoma.
Indigenous peoples inhabited and hunted in this area for thousands of years. By 1750, the Osage had become a dominant tribe in the area. About one third belonged to the band led by Chief Black Dog (Manka - Chonka). Before 1800 they made the Black Dog Trail starting east of Baxter Springs, Kansas and going northwest to their summer hunting grounds at the Great Salt Plains in present-day Alfalfa County. The Osage stopped at the springs for its healing properties on their way to hunting at the plains, which attracted migratory birds and varieties of wildlife. The Osage name for this fork of the Arkansas River was Nescatunga (big salt water), what European-Americans later called the Salt Fork. The Osage cleared the trail of brush and large rocks, and made ramps at the fords. Wide enough for eight men riding horses abreast, the trail was the first improved road in Kansas and Oklahoma.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 881 square miles (2,280 km2), of which 866 square miles (2,240 km2) is land and 15 square miles (39 km2) (1.7%) is water. It is part of the Red Bed plains. Great Salt Plains Lake and Great Salt Plains National Wildlife Refuge lie within the county. The major streams in the county are the Salt Fork of the Arkansas River and the Cimarron River.
- U.S. Highway 64
- State Highway 8
- State Highway 8B
- State Highway 11
- State Highway 38
- State Highway 45
- State Highway 58
- Harper County, Kansas (northeast)
- Grant County (east)
- Garfield County (southeast)
- Major County (south)
- Woods County (west)
- Barber County, Kansas (northwest)
National protected area
As of the census of 2010, Alfalfa County had a population of 5,642 people, down from 6,105 people in 2000. Most of the population (89.1%) self-identified as white. Black or African American individuals made up 4.7% of the population and Native Americans made up 2.9% of the population. Less than 1% of the population was Asian.
The median age of the population was 46 years and 18% of the county's population was under the age of 18. Individuals 65 years of age or older accounted for 20.2% of the population.
There were a total of 2,022 households and 1,333 families in the county in 2010. There were 2,763 housing units. Of the 2,022 households, 23.4 percent included children under the age of 18 and slightly more than half (56.3%) included married couples living together. Non-family households accounted for 34.1% of households. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.81.
The median income for a household in the county was $42,730, and the median income for a family was $56,444. The per capita income for the county was $24,080. About 7 percent of families and 11 percent of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.4 percent of those age 65 or over.
|Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of 15 January 2013|
|Party||Number of Voters||Percentage|
|2012||84.7% 1,539||15.3% 278|
|2008||83.1% 2,023||16.9% 411|
|2004||82.4% 2,201||17.6% 470|
|2000||75.2% 1,886||23.3% 583|
The following sites in Alfalfa County are listed on the National Register of Historic Places:
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 8, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Burl E. Self, "Black Dog", Oklahoma Encyclopedia of History and Culture, accessed 5 November 2009
- "Full text of "Wah Kon Tah The Osage And White Man S Road"". Retrieved 14 January 2012.
- Louis F. Burns, "Osage", Oklahoma Encyclopedia of History and Culture, accessed 5 November 2009
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved February 18, 2015.
- Everett, Dianna. Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. "Alfalfa County." .
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 18, 2015.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 18, 2015.
- Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 18, 2015.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved February 18, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
- "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Archived from the original on 4 June 2011. Retrieved 11 June 2011.
- Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture - Alfalfa County
- Oklahoma Digital Maps: Digital Collections of Oklahoma and Indian Territory
||Barber County, Kansas||Harper County, Kansas|
|Woods County||Grant County|
|Major County||Garfield County|