Alfeld

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For the town in the district of Nürnberger Land, see Alfeld, Bavaria.

Alfeld
Alfeld town hall, behind St. Nicolai
Alfeld town hall, behind St. Nicolai
Coat of arms of Alfeld
Coat of arms
Alfeld   is located in Germany
Alfeld
Alfeld
Coordinates: 51°59′19″N 9°49′37″E / 51.98861°N 9.82694°E / 51.98861; 9.82694Coordinates: 51°59′19″N 9°49′37″E / 51.98861°N 9.82694°E / 51.98861; 9.82694
Country Germany
State Lower Saxony
District Hildesheim
Government
 • Mayor Bernd Beushausen (SPD)
Area
 • Total 72.86 km2 (28.13 sq mi)
Elevation 145 m (476 ft)
Population (2012-12-31)[1]
 • Total 19,253
 • Density 260/km2 (680/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 31061
Dialling codes 05181
Vehicle registration HI, ALF
Website www.alfeld.de

Alfeld is a town in Lower Saxony, Germany. It is located on the Leine river in the district of Hildesheim and on the German Timber-Frame Road.

History and main sights[edit]

The town was founded in 1214. Sights in Alfeld include the town hall (1586) with its octagonal tower, the church Saint Nicolai and the Fillerturm, a medieval watchtower and the Fagus Factory of 1911, a fine example of early modernist architecture by Walter Gropius. More famous are the Seven Hills (German: Sieben Berge) in the north and the Lippoldshöhle ("Lippold's cave"), where a legendary robber-knight is said to have lived.

Culture[edit]

The assertion that the popular fairy tale of Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs was born in Alfeld is false. Even though the miners who mined ore In the Seven Mountains believed in the existence of dwarfs, it is more likely that the cradle of the fairy tale is to be searched in France. The version the brothers Grimm heard and wrote down, as they travelled through the Seven Mountains, on the so-called Märchenstrasse (Street Of Fairytales) is just one of many.

Economy[edit]

Marktstraße

The biggest employer of the city is the SAPPI (South African Pulp and Paper Industry) factory with its big chimney, which has become one of Alfeld's landmarks. Even more famous than SAPPI is the Fagus Werk, rebuilt in 1910-1915 after the blueprints of architect Walter-Gropius, what is said to be trend-setting for modern architecture.

Popular culture[edit]

Old Latin school, today museum

Alfeld is a strategically important town fought for repeatedly by both NATO and Soviet forces in Tom Clancy's novel Red Storm Rising.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns – Sister cities[edit]

Alfeld is twinned with:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]