Alfold

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For other uses please, see Alfold (disambiguation).
Alfold
Alfold - geograph.org.uk - 1104250.jpg
Old tile-hung cottages and Crown Inn
at the centre of Alfold
Alfold Churchyard - geograph.org.uk - 1105524.jpg
Looking towards the stocks
Alfold is located in Surrey
Alfold
Alfold
 Alfold shown within Surrey
Area  15.1 km2 (5.8 sq mi)
Population 1,059 (Civil Parish)[1]
   – density  70/km2 (180/sq mi)
OS grid reference TQ037341
Civil parish Alfold
District Waverley
Shire county Surrey
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town CRANLEIGH
Postcode district GU6
Dialling code 01403
Police Surrey
Fire Surrey
Ambulance South East Coast
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Guildford
List of places
UK
England
Surrey

Coordinates: 51°05′46″N 0°31′11″W / 51.096°N 0.5197°W / 51.096; -0.5197

Alfold is a village and civil parish in Surrey, on the West Sussex border, in England and is a dispersed or polyfocal village in the Green Belt which is buffered from all other settlements. The Greensand Way runs north of the village along the Greensand Ridge and two named localities exist to the north and south of the historic village centre which features pubs, a set of stocks and a whipping post.

Alfold Crossways here has a Country Park, recreational ground and a garden centre whereas Alfold's centre has a village store and the Anglican parish church

Etymology[edit]

'Alfold' meant the 'old fold' or clearing enclosure for cattle,[2][3] which is apt as it is in a much-wooded area of The Weald (meaning forest in Old and Middle English).

History[edit]

Early glass making evidence of which can be seen in Sidney Wood appears to provide the oldest trace of land use in the village[3][n 1]

Alfold is not mentioned in the Domesday Book. This is probably because Alfold appears to have been an unrecorded, southern outpost in the multi-village estate of Bramley since pre-conquest times. The earliest mention of Alfold, in the 13th century, records that it was attached to Shalford Manor. A charter of William Longespee, son of the Earl of Salisbury, records that the advowson, with the Manor of Shalford, is given to John, son of Geoffrey Earl of Essex, who died in 1256.

Four manors existed, namely Wildwood now represented by Great and Little Wildwood Farms and Wildwood Copse and Moat, was formerly possessed by the lords of Albury and Stoke D'Abernon, the D'Abernons and their successors. In the 13th century they had land in Alfold and in a deed of 1313 John D'Abernon's wood called le Wylwode is mentioned. Markwick and Monkenhook over their history have been held by Waverley Abbey, Viscount Montagu and the Earl of Onslow; and Sydney alias Hedgecourt or Rickhurst lies partly in Dunsfold held by the Sydney family then Dorrington family.

Alfold Park, formerly with a moat (as did Wildwood Farm), belonged to the manor of Shalford and contained 300 acres however lost its park before John Speed's map was made[3] in the reign of James I.

After gunpowder's invention, charcoal was extensively burnt in the parish for gunpowder works in Dunsfold, Cranleigh, and Sussex.[3]

The parish comprised 2,726 acres (1,103 ha) of which only 72 acres (29 ha) in 1848 were common or waste, and

...abounded with oak, ash, and elm: in parts there is a bed of stone, which is used for repairing roads, but is not hard enough for building. The Arun and Wey Junction canal passes through. The living is a rectory, valued in the king's books at £6. 11. 2. [ land tax liability], and in the gift of the Sparkes family: the tithes have been commuted for £355, and the glebe comprises 14 acres.[4]

A Baptist chapel was erected in 1883, and an elementary school in 1876.

Significant other homes mentioned in 1911 were Sydney Manor and Sachel Court; Sachel Court was owned by Thomas Smith Wharrie, an engineer in Scotland and Director of British Mutual Banking Company Ltd.[3][n 2]

Landmarks[edit]

St Nicholas's Church

The compact village has a red telephone kiosk, stocks and whipping post with very old paving and the following listed buildings:

  • St Nicholas's Church (Grade I) [5]
  • Alfold House (Grade II*) [6]
  • Alfold Stores/The Magnolias (Grade II*) [7]
  • Carrier/Cherry Tree cottages [8]
  • Rosemary Croft [9]
  • Church Cottage and Great Nicholas Church Room [10] and
  • Crown Cottage.[11]

Localities[edit]

Alfold Crossways[edit]

Sir Roger Tichborne pub, Alfold Bars

Also sometimes mistakenly recorded as Alford Crossways this hamlet or locality has more buildings in northern part of the village, around the crossroads of the A281 (Guildford-Horsham road) and the traditional Arundel Road to the village centre. Here there are the following:

  • Wildwood Country Park
  • A Garden Centre
  • A recreation ground
  • Medieval moated site and associated pillow mound, Wildwood Copse, Scheduled Ancient Monument [12]
  • Orchard Cottage [13]
  • Waggoners Cottage [14]
  • Great Wildwood Farmhouse with Haybarn [15]
  • Caters Croft/Welby Cottage [16]
  • Little Pound/The Pound [17]

Alfold Bars[edit]

This smaller also generally less old, southern part of the village has only one listed building, the Sir Roger Tichbourne Inn, see Tichborne baronets and Tichborne, Hampshire for Roger's family history.[18]

Demography and housing[edit]

2011 Census Homes
Output area Detached Semi-detached Terraced Flats and apartments Caravans/temporary/mobile homes shared between households[1]
(Civil Parish) 185 131 28 44 52 9

The average level of accommodation in the region composed of detached houses was 28%, the average that was apartments was 22.6%.

2011 Census Key Statistics
Output area Population Households % Owned outright % Owned with a loan hectares[1]
(Civil Parish) 1,059 449 39.6% 28.1% 1510

The proportion of households in the civil parish who owned their home outright compares to the regional average of 35.1%. The proportion who owned their home with a loan compares to the regional average of 32.5%. The remaining % is made up of rented dwellings (plus a negligible % of households living rent-free).

Notes and References[edit]

notes
  1. ^ Malden states "In Sydney Wood were glass-houses, of which the only relic is the name Glass House Fields. A glasshouse is marked in Speed's map. Aubrey (17th century) saw the graves of French glass-makers in the churchyard, but the industry was extinct in his time, so the French were not refugees after the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes, as stated by Brayley."
  2. ^ http://www.scottisharchitects.org.uk/architect_full.php?id=205835 Scottish Architects profile]
references
  1. ^ a b c Key Statistics; Quick Statistics: Population Density United Kingdom Census 2011 Office for National Statistics Retrieved 21 November 2013
  2. ^ recorded as Aldfold, Awfold (17th century) per H.E. Malden below
  3. ^ a b c d e H.E. Malden (editor) (1911). "Parishes: Alford". A History of the County of Surrey: Volume 3. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 24 October 2012. 
  4. ^ Samuel Lewis (publisher) (editor) (1848). "Aldingham - Alfreton". A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 24 October 2012. 
  5. ^ St Nicholas's Church English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1352752)". National Heritage List for England. 
  6. ^ Alfold House English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1044391)". National Heritage List for England. 
  7. ^ Alfold Stores/The Magnolias English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1044392)". National Heritage List for England. 
  8. ^ Carrier/Cherry Tree cottages English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1044390)". National Heritage List for England. 
  9. ^ Rosemary Croft English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1044393)". National Heritage List for England. 
  10. ^ Church Cottage and Great Nicholas Church Room English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1044394)". National Heritage List for England. 
  11. ^ Crown Cottage English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1044396)". National Heritage List for England. 
  12. ^ Medieval Moated Site and Pillow mound English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1013034)". National Heritage List for England. 
  13. ^ Orchard Cottage English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1044425)". National Heritage List for England. 
  14. ^ Waggoners Cottage English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1189462)". National Heritage List for England. 
  15. ^ Great Wildwood Farmhouse with Haybarn English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1189475)". National Heritage List for England.  English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1352730)". National Heritage List for England. 
  16. ^ Caters Croft/Welby Cottage English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1352729)". National Heritage List for England. 
  17. ^ Little Pound/The Pound English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1352751)". National Heritage List for England. 
  18. ^ The Sir Roger Tichbourne Inn, Alford Bars English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1273581)". National Heritage List for England. 

External links[edit]