|United States Senator
from New York
January 3, 1981 – January 3, 1999
|Preceded by||Jacob K. Javits|
|Succeeded by||Charles Schumer|
|Born||Alfonse Marcello D'Amato
August 1, 1937
Brooklyn, New York, U.S.
|Spouse(s)||Katuria Elizabeth Smith|
|Alma mater||Syracuse University (B.S., J.D.)|
Alfonse Marcello "Al" D'Amato (born August 1, 1937) is an American lawyer and former New York politician. A Republican, he served as United States Senator from New York from 1981 to 1999. He subsequently founded a lobbying firm, Park Strategies.
Since he left office in 1999, no other Republican from New York has served in the US Senate.
Early life and family
D'Amato, of Italian heritage, was born in Brooklyn and raised on Long Island, in the small village of Island Park. He is the son of Antoinette (Ciofarri) and Armand D'Amato, an insurance broker. He is a graduate of Chaminade High School, Syracuse University, and Syracuse University College of Law. At Syracuse University, he was a brother at Alpha Chi Rho fraternity.
D'Amato married his first wife, Penelope, with whom he has four children, in 1960. Al and Penelope D'Amato separated in 1982 after 22 years of marriage. After a 13-year separation, their divorce became final in 1995. On July 18, 2004, he married Katuria Elizabeth Smith. They have one son, Alfonso Marcello D'Amato, born on February 5, 2008, and a daughter, Luciana Cioffari D'Amato, born on October 16, 2009.
Early political career
His political career started with the Nassau County Republican Party, and he held the appointive position of Public Administrator of Nassau County, where he was responsible for managing the assets of county residents who died without wills. He was first appointed and then elected Receiver of Taxes of Hempstead, New York. He left this office to become a town supervisor in Hempstead and in 1977 he was elected presiding supervisor. He was also vice chairman of the Nassau County Board of Supervisors from 1977 to 1980.
Despite being a rather obscure candidate, he defeated incumbent Sen. Jacob Javits by 56% to 44% in the 1980 Republican primary election, after Javits' 1979 diagnosis of generally fatal amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Javits nevertheless pursued the seat on the Liberal Party ticket, splitting the left-wing vote in ordinarily liberal New York with Democratic Congresswoman Elizabeth Holtzman and leading to D'Amato's 45% plurality victory.
United States Senate
D'Amato drew the nickname Senator Pothole for his delivery of "constituent services," helping citizens with their individual cases. While some New Yorkers meant the nickname as a pejorative, many others saw it as a positive affirmation of his attention to getting things done.
Senator D'Amato also holds the record for the second and seventh longest filibusters ever recorded in the United States Senate. He is remembered for his unique and rather comical filibusters. In 1986, a filibuster he conducted against a military bill lasted 23 hours, 30 minutes and he was known for reading the District of Columbia phone book during a filibuster. In 1992, D'Amato filibustered a bill that would have caused the loss of 750 jobs in upstate New York by singing "South of the Border (Down Mexico Way)".
Senator D'Amato is also remembered for presenting a poster of a "Taxasaurus Rex," which he then stabbed with an oversized pencil.
He was a member of the President's Commission on Aviation Security and Terrorism (PCAST), which was set up in September 1989 to review and report on aviation security policy in light of the sabotage of Pan Am Flight 103 on December 21, 1988.
While he was in office, he was chair of the Senate Committee on Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs, and was a member of the Senate Finance Committee. As a member of the former, he became a leading critic of the Clinton administration regarding the Whitewater scandal, and during 1995 and 1996 chaired the hearings-heavy Senate Special Whitewater Committee. As a member of the latter, he championed the cause of Holocaust survivors trying to recover relatives' funds from accounts in Swiss banks.
D'Amato was very influential in New York Republican politics, and widely considered the "boss" of the state GOP during his Senate years. For example, he played a leading role in recruiting George Pataki and securing him the Republican nomination in the gubernatorial race of 1994.
D'Amato was known for being fairly conservative, a reflection of strongly conservative Nassau County and Long Island. He strongly supported the conservative positions of his party on "law and order" issues such as capital punishment and harsh penalties for drug offenses. On some issues, he agreed with the opposition: in 1993, D'Amato was one of only three Republicans to vote in favor of allowing gays to serve openly in the U.S. military. In 1996, he was among the minority of Republicans to vote to extend federal protections against employment discrimination to gays and lesbians.
In the 1998 election, the Human Rights Campaign endorsed D'Amato for re-election over socially liberal Democratic Congressman Charles Schumer, citing his votes to allow homosexuals to serve openly in the military and for an anti-discrimation bill protecting homosexuals. On labor issues too, he frequently sided with Democrats. His 54% to 44% 1998 loss was attributed to a lack of support among moderate voters in New York City, site of opponent Charles Schumer's US Congressional district. His loss was also partially attributed to reports arising from D'Amato's use of the term "putzhead" (a Yiddish vulgarity) to refer to Schumer.
According to the New York Times, D'Amato was quite popular among his peers on Capitol Hill.
Controversies and friends
In April 1995, during a radio interview, D'Amato used a mock Asian accent to criticize Judge Lance Ito, who was at the time presiding over the O.J. Simpson murder trial. The Senator was widely criticized for the comments.
In October 1998, D'Amato was criticized for insulting Congressman Jerry Nadler. According to USA Today, D'Amato "referred to the heavyset Nadler as 'Congressman Waddler.' He also did a physical imitation of Nadler (D-NY) waddling like a duck." D'Amato subsequently apologized, saying, "It was a poor attempt at humor, and I was wrong, and I apologized to him."
D'Amato has been the subject of much controversy over local zoning laws in Lido Beach, New York (governed by the Town of Hempstead). His wife, who sat on the Town's zoning board, was forced to recuse herself after accusations arose over 'unfair' and 'unethical' treatment as D'Amato made what would have been illegal additions to his Lido Beach home. [dead link]
Later political involvements
2008 presidential race
On June 12, 2007, the former three-term Senator from New York endorsed one-time Senate colleague from Tennessee Fred Thompson for the Republican nomination for president in 2008. In explaining his endorsement of Thompson, former Senator D'Amato called Thompson "a real conservative," not a candidate who adopted conservative positions in preparation for an election. D'Amato added, "Fred Thompson is the kind of candidate our party can unify behind and support wholeheartedly." On January 22, 2008 after poor showings from Fred Thompson, D'Amato threw his support to John McCain for the 2008 Presidential Election, saying "If you want to win in November, John McCain is the man."
Poker Players Alliance (PPA)
D'Amato is chairman of the Poker Players Alliance (PPA), a nonprofit organization set up to help protect and fight for the rights of poker players in the United States. Part of the PPA's mission is to protect the right of poker players to play online.
He appeared on Howard Stern's Sirius-XM radio show on July 20, 2009, to promote the PPA.
- United States Senate election in New York, 1998
- United States Senate election in New York, 1992
- United States Senate election in New York, 1986
- United States Senate election in New York, 1980
- 1980 Republican Senatorial Primary
- Rivlin, Gary; Richtel, Matt (5 March 2007). "D'Amato Never Folds; Former Senator, a Poker Aficionado, Lobbies for Online Gambling". The New York Times.
- "Alfonse M. D'Amato". New York Times. Retrieved 12 November 2012.
- Bratskeir, Anne (October 16, 2009). "D'Amato and wife welcome baby daughter". Newsday. Retrieved May 19, 2015.
- Senator Alfonse D'Amato's entry in The Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, retrieved January 26, 2011
- Alfonse D’Amato, 1992 "U.S. Senate Filibusters: A History of Talk" The Daily Beast. April 20, 2010. Accessed January 25, 2013[dead link]
- Pillifant, Reid (January 6, 2012). "Anti-tax entrepreneur Marc Cenedella wants to run against Kirsten Gillibrand and pay for it, too". Capital New York. Retrieved May 19, 2015.
- Perez-Pena, Richard (November 5, 1998). "THE 1998 ELECTIONS: NEW YORK STATE – THE PARTIES; New Order for New York's G.O.P. and Democrats". The New York Times.
- Nagourney, Adam (October 21, 1998). "D'Amato Wins Endorsement Of Gay Group". New York Times. Retrieved May 19, 2015.
- Stanley, Alessandra (19 October 1992). "Senator Pothole's Ultimate Race; Al D'Amato Runs as the Big Guy for All Those Little Guys". New York Times. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
- Van Gelder, Lawrence (April 6, 1995). "D'Amato Mocks Ito And Sets Off Furor". The New York Times.
- Henneberger, Melinda (April 7, 1995). "D'Amato Gives A New Apology On Ito Remarks". The New York Times.
- "D'Amato accused of insulting Schumer". USA Today. March 5, 1999.
- Raymond J. Keating, "D'Amato could be right on Thompson," "Newsday," June 18, 2007, Newsay.com
- Al D'Amato Likes Fred Thompson-Giuliani Ticket
- "D'Amato explains his '08 pick," "New York Daily News": "The Daily Politics" June 13, 2007 NYdailynews.com
- Fouhy, Beth (June 13, 2007). "Clinton Gets Endorsement From Spielberg – The Huffington Post". Huffington Post.
- D'Amato, Alfonse (October 2007). "Report from the Chairman" (Press release). Poker Players Alliance.
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Appearances on C-SPAN
- Dems target Al D'Amato
- Al D'Amato
- Biographical information
|United States Senate|
Jacob K. Javits
|U.S. Senator (Class 3) from New York
Served alongside: Daniel Patrick Moynihan
|Party political offices|
|Chairman of National Republican Senatorial Committee
Donald W. Riegle, Jr.
|Chairman of Senate Banking Committee