Alfonso López Pumarejo

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This name uses Spanish naming customs: the first or paternal family name is López and the second or maternal family name is Pumarejo.
Alfonso López Pumarejo
Alfonso López Pumarejo.jpg
16th President of Colombia
In office
August 7, 1942 – August 7, 1946
Preceded by Eduardo Santos
Succeeded by Mariano Ospina Pérez
14th President of Colombia
In office
August 7, 1934 – August 7, 1938
Preceded by Enrique Olaya Herrera
Succeeded by Eduardo Santos
7th Colombia Ambassador to United Kingdom
In office
June 5, 1959 – November 20, 1959
President Alberto Lleras Camargo
Preceded by Carlos Alberto Sardi Garcés
Succeeded by Virgilio Barco Vargas
1st Colombia Ambassador to United Nations
In office
1946–1948
President Mariano Ospina Pérez
Preceded by Office created
Succeeded by Roberto Urdaneta Arbeláez
Personal details
Born (1886-01-31)January 31, 1886
Honda, Tolima,
United States of Colombia
Died November 20, 1959(1959-11-20) (aged 73)
London, England, United Kingdom
Nationality Colombian
Political party Liberal
Spouse(s) María Michelsen Lombana (1911-1949)
Olga Dávila Alzamora (1953-1959)
Children María López Michelsen
María Mercedes López Michelsen
Alfonso López Michelsen
Pedro López Michelsen
Fernando López Michelsen
Alma mater London School of Economics
Occupation Economist, journalist, diplomat, politician
Religion Roman Catholic

Alfonso López Pumarejo (January 31, 1886 – November 20, 1959) was a two-time Colombian president and political figure, as a member of the Colombian Liberal Party. He served as president of Colombia for the first time between 1934 and 1938 and again between 1942 and 1945.

Biography[edit]

33 Wilton Crescent
Blue plaque, 33 Wilton Crescent

Alfonso López Pumarejo born in Honda (Tolima), his father Pedro Aquilino López Medina was a great businessman and great mentor of this city. Alfonso López Pumarejo went on to study at the London School of Economics. His son, Alfonso López Michelsen, was president of Colombia between 1974 and 1978.

He was elected president in 1934 almost unopposed, and as the second participant of the so-called Liberal Hegemony in Colombia, his initial government platform became known under the name "Revolución en Marcha" (Marching Revolution), as it attempted to implement far reaching social and political reforms. Several radical changes were promoted during his first administration, as the government supported the creation of labor unions and also passed the Law 200 of 1936, which allowed for the expropriation of private properties, in order to promote "social interest".

These actions earned López Pumarejo the backing of important rural and labor sectors, in addition to that of the Colombian Communist Party, but they likewise divided his previous political allies, some of which called for moderation. The election of his successor Eduardo Santos took place in 1938.

After being re-elected in 1942, the second administration of López Pumarejo faced a stronger opposition in Congress and by both the more conservative and more radical sectors within the president's own Colombian Liberal Party which resulted in the interruption of previous reforms.

When Colombia joined the Allies in declaring war against Axis Germany in July 1943, López Pumarejo strongly supported the decision and simultaneously declared that the government should take into account that the United States would always place its own interests ahead of anything else, implicitly indicating that these may not necessarily coincide with those of Colombia.

To permit López Pumarejo to travel to the United States and care for his sick wife, María Michelsen de López, Darío Echandía assumed the acting presidency of the country from November 17, 1943 to May 16, 1944. This turn of events also prevented the development of further reforms, as López himself was temporarily removed from the political arena.

After his return to the country, further political conflicts led to a failed military coup attempt in 1944, and López Pumarejo finally resigned in early 1945.

In 1946, he was head of the Colombian delegation to the United Nations.

Alfonso López Pumarejo died on November 20, 1959 in London, to which he had travelled as Colombia's ambassador to the United Kingdom. He had lived at 33 Wilton Crescent in Belgravia, Knightsbridge in London for sometime.

Political offices
Preceded by
Enrique Olaya Herrera
President of Colombia
(1st Term)

1934–1938
Succeeded by
Eduardo Santos Montejo
Preceded by
Eduardo Santos Montejo
President of Colombia
(2nd Term)

1942–1945
Succeeded by
Alberto Lleras Camargo