Alfred Byrne

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For his son, see Alfred P. Byrne.

Alfred Byrne (17 March 1882 – 13 March 1956), also known as Alfie Byrne, was an Irish nationalist politician, who served as both an MP in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and as a Teachta Dála (TD) in Dáil Éireann. As Lord Mayor of Dublin he was known as the "shaking hand of Dublin".

He was born in Dublin in 1882. He was the son of a docker, who died when Alfred was only thirteen years old. Byrne worked as a theatre programme seller and barman before buying his own pub, The Vernon in Talbot Street, Dublin. He entered politics at the age of twenty-seven, being elected to Dublin Corporation for North Dock ward with a large majority.

Byrne became an Alderman on Dublin Corporation in 1914. He was a member of the Dublin Port and Docks Board, a significant position for a politician from the Dublin Harbour constituency. In the records of the Oireachtas his occupation is given as company director.

He was elected MP for Dublin Harbour in a by-election on 1 October 1915, as an Irish Parliamentary Party candidate.

Byrne's constituent Philip Shanahan had legal problems following the Easter Rising. Shanahan consulted the lawyer and Nationalist politician Timothy Healy. Byrne attended this conference between Shanahan and his Parliamentary colleague. Healy commented:

The rapid decline of the Irish Parliamentary Party and the rise of Sinn Féin, even in the formerly immensely safe Dublin Harbour constituency, followed the Rising. Byrne was defeated by the same Philip Shanahan of Sinn Féin in the 1918 general election.

Byrne continued his political career in independent Ireland. He was elected as an independent TD for the Dublin Mid constituency in the election to the Third Dáil in 1922.[1]

From 1923 to 1928, he represented Dublin North. He was an elected a member of Seanad Éireann, for a six year term, in 1928. He vacated his Dáil seat on 4 December 1928. He resigned from the Seanad on 10 December 1931. Byrne returned to the Dáil in 1932 and sat there until his death in 1956. He represented Dublin North (1932–1937) and Dublin North–East (1937–1956).[2]

He was elected the Lord Mayor an unprecedented nine times without a break from 1930 until 1939. He also served as the Lord Mayor in 1954 and 1955. The by-election caused by his death, was won by his son Patrick Byrne. Two other sons Alfred P. Byrne and Thomas Byrne were also TDs for various Dublin constituencies.

Alfie Byrne died in Dublin in March 1956 and his funeral attracted thousands, especially from the ranks of the poor in the inner city and docklands whose cause he championed through a long and colourful career.

In 2012 the Alfie Byrne Collection, a vast quantity of personal and professional correspondence and documentation, went on display in The Little Museum of Dublin.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mr. Alfred Byrne". Oireachtas Members Database. Retrieved 11 April 2012. 
  2. ^ "Alfred Byrne". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 11 April 2012. 
  • Who's Who of British Members of Parliament: Vol. II 1886-1918, edited by M. Stenton & S. Lees (The Harvester Press 1978)

External links[edit]

Civic offices
Preceded by
Position suspended
Lord Mayor of Dublin
1930–1939
Succeeded by
Kathleen Clarke
Preceded by
Bernard Butler
Lord Mayor of Dublin
1954–1955
Succeeded by
Denis Larkin
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
William Abraham
Irish Parliamentary Party Member of Parliament for Dublin Harbour
1915–1918
Succeeded by
Philip Shanahan
Oireachtas
Preceded by
Philip Shanahan
Independent Teachta Dála for Dublin Mid
1922–1923
Succeeded by
Constituency abolished
Preceded by
New constituency
Independent Teachta Dála for Dublin North
1923–1928
Succeeded by
Thomas F. O'Higgins
Preceded by
New constituency
Independent Teachta Dála for Dublin North
1932–1937
Succeeded by
Constituency abolished
Preceded by
New constituency
Independent Teachta Dála for Dublin North–East
1937–1956
Succeeded by
Patrick Byrne