Alfred James Dobbs (1882 – 27 July 1945) was a British Labour Party politician and trade unionist. He is most notable for being the Member of Parliament (MP) who served the shortest term since the Second World War — just one day.
Dobbs was born in Wellingborough, Northamptonshire. He served as a Rushden Urban District Councillor between 1906–10 and a Leeds City Councillor from 1923 to 1929, then as Alderman in Leeds 1929-36. Dobbs was Leader of Labour Group on Leeds City Council between 1931-36 as well as a magistrate.
Dobbs worked as National Organiser for the National Union of Boot and Shoe Operatives 1936-45. He was well-known at senior levels of the Labour Party, a member of the National Executive Committee 1936-45 and Chair of the Labour Party 1942-43.
He was elected as MP for Smethwick in the Labour landslide of 1945, defeating the Conservative incumbent, Roy Wise. However, having been elected on 26 July 1945, Dobbs was killed in a car accident the next day, 27 July 1945. Attempting to avoid a child, Dobbs' car was in collision with a military vehicle in Doncaster, and he was killed instantly. His passenger, Mrs. Elsie Marshall, died later in hospital. Although there have been occasions when MPs were elected posthumously, Dobbs has the dubious honour of having served the shortest term since World War II.
He was succeeded as MP for Smethwick by Labour's Patrick Gordon Walker, who held the seat for the next 19 years.
- Craig, F. W. S. (1983) . British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3rd edition ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs [self-published source][better source needed]
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
|Member of Parliament for Smethwick
Patrick Gordon Walker
|Chair of the Labour Party