Alfred Fischer (architect)

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For other uses, see Alfred Fischer.

Alfred Fischer (29 August 1881 - 10 April 1950) was a German architect.

Born in Stuttgart, Alfred Fischer studied from 1900 to 1904 at the Stuttgart Technical University of Architecture under Professor Theodor Fischer (no relation). In 1904 he deferred the 1st State examination and from 1905/1906 worked in Berlin as an assistant for the urban design consultant Ludwig Hoffmann and from 1906 to 1908 with Paul Schultze-Naumburg. In 1909 he became a teacher at the College of Arts and Crafts in Düsseldorf (Kunstgewerbeschule Düsseldorf) under Wilhelm Kreis. From 1911 to 1933 he led the Essen Arts and Crafts School (later called the Folkwangschule). In 1921 he was awarded a professorship. In 1929 he was awarded an Engineering doctorate from the Hannover Technical University.

Fischer was a member of the German Architects Federation (Bund Deutscher Architekten - BDA) and an executive member of the Deutscher Werkbund (DWB). Apart from his teaching activity he worked freelance as an architect, for some years in partnership with the architect Richard Speidel.

After the change of power in 1933 to the Nazis, as an advocate of modern architecture (see Neue Sachlichkeit, modernism, Bauhaus) and modern training concepts, he experienced increasing difficulties with the school. He was given time off and soon after moved into premature retirement. Fischer left Essen and moved to Murnau.

The Ruhrgebiet has Alfred Fischer to thank for numerous buildings, important examples of regional architectural history and also a legacy of acknowledged contributions to industrial culture.

The title 'Alfred Fischer-Essen' has been given to him to distinguish him from the architect Alfred Fischer who was active at the same time in Karlsruhe. He died at Murnau am Staffelsee in 1950.



  • Fischer, Alfred (1950). Wohnhausform. Wege zur Gestaltung. Ravensburg. 
  • Busch, Wilhelm (1993). Bauten der 20er Jahre an Rhein und Ruhr. Cologne. 
  • Hendrich, Jörn-Hanno. "Alfred Fischer-Essen 1881-1950". Deutsches Architektenblatt 1997 (10): pp. 1454ff. 

External links[edit]

Translated from the German Wikipedia page de:Alfred Fischer (Architekt).