Alfred Haighton

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Alfred Haighton
Born Coenraad Alfred Augustus Haighton
(1896-10-26)October 26, 1896
Rotterdam
Died April 19, 1943(1943-04-19) (aged 46)
Beekbergen
Citizenship Dutch
Occupation Businessman
Known for Fascist politician and collaborator with Nazism
Political party
Verbond van Actualisten, Fascistische Jongeren Bond, National Socialist Dutch Workers Party, Zwart Front

Coenraad Alfred Augustus Haighton (26 October 1896 in Rotterdam – 13 April 1943 in Beekbergen) was a millionaire businessman and the leader of the Netherlands' first fascist movement.

Fascism[edit]

From a privileged background, Haighton was well educated, studying in Los Angeles and producing a thesis on Arthur Schopenhauer, although he was also physically disabled for his entire life.[1] Haighton's father had been a highly successful businessman, making a fortune in particular from his lottery insurance business LOTISICO.[1] He died early and as such Alfred Haighton inherited the highly profitable business, allowing him to devote much of his time to politics. He soon became close to H.A. Sinclair de Rochemont and in 1924 the two set up the Verbond van Actualisten, a group which looked for inspiration to Italian fascism.[1] The group broke down in 1927 and Haighton then put his money into a journal, De Bezem and eventually his own movement, the Fascistische Jongeren Bond. This movement was deplted in 1932 when his close ally Jan Baars broke from him to set up the General Dutch Fascist League (ANFB).[1]

Nazism[edit]

Haighton had become a strong anti-Semite and as such led the followers he had left into the National Socialist Dutch Workers Party (NSNAP), although once again his abrasive personality meant that the relationship was not to last.[1] He dropped out of politics for a spell before joining Arnold Meijer's Zwart Front, although he declined to join the National Front when this group absorbed the Zwart Front in 1940.[1] Officially a member of the NSNAP again he took little role in active politics and instead concentrated on his anti-Semitic writing and literary pursuits.[1]

Literature[edit]

In 1938 Haighton purchased the literary journal De Nieuws Gids, a work that held a high reputation amongst the Dutch artistic set. Under Haighton however the once respected journal became intensely partisan, presenting a highly pro-Nazi Germany line.[2] Writers such as Jan Eekhout, a staunchly pro-Nazi novelist noted for his use of archaic and dialect Dutch words as part of an attempt to construct rustic literature, were featured and widely praised under Haighton.[3]

The Dutch literary establishment reacted negatively to Haighton's stewardship of the magazine, to the point that by 1943 De Nieuws Gids had only 98 registered subscribers.[2] Haighton died suddenly that same year.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Philip Rees, Biographical Dictionary of the Extreme Right Since 1890
  2. ^ a b Jeroen Dewulf, Spirit of Resistance: Dutch Clandestine Literature During the Nazi Occupation, Camden House, 2010, p. 50
  3. ^ Egil Törnqvist, Europe, The Nordic Countries, Rodopi, 1998, pp. 193-194