Alfred L. Yarbus
Alfred Lukyanovich Yarbus (Альфред Лукьянович Ярбус, 3 April 1914; Moscow – 1986) was a Russian psychologist (known there as Alfred Lukjanovic Jarbus) who studied eye movements in the 1950s and 1960s.
Yarbus pioneered the study of saccadic exploration of complex images, by recording the eye movements performed by observers while viewing natural objects and scenes. In this very influential work, Yarbus showed that the trajectories followed by the gaze depend on the task that the observer has to perform. The gaze tends to jump back and forth between the same parts of the scene, for example, the eyes and mouth in the picture of a face. If the observer was asked specific questions about the images, his/her eyes would concentrate on areas of the images of relevance to the questions. Yarbus also invented a suction cup, which can be attached by suction to the human eye to study visual perceptions in the absence of eye movements, a laboratory condition called retinal stabilization.
A. L. Yarbus, Eye Movements and Vision. New York: Plenum Press, 1967. (Translated from Russian by Basil Haigh. Original Russian edition published in Moscow in 1965.)
- "ЯРБУС, Альфред Лукьянович (Yarbus, Alfred Lukyanovich)" (in Russian). Russian Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 15 March 2012.
- Strategic Networks (an application of Yarbus's scanpaths to improve learning in the classroom)
- Yarbus revisited: task-dependent oculomotor behavior (a replication study)
- Yarbus lives: a foveated exploration of how task influences saccadic eye movement (a replication study)
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