Alfred R. Kelman
|Alfred R. Kelman|
May 17, 1936 |
Bronx, New York
|Occupation||Television producer, Television director|
Alfred R. Kelman (born May 17, 1936) is an American film and television documentary producer and director best known for his work on "The Body Human" and the 1984 television version of "A Christmas Carol" starring George C. Scott.
His career began in the early days of live television (1962) at the local level as a director for the Westinghouse Broadcasting Company, WBZ-TV Boston. Subsequently, an Oscar nominee (1966) for his documentary film The Face of a Genius, an autobiographical study of America’s famed playwright, Eugene O’Neill. It marked the first time in the history of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences that a film originally produced for television was recognized by the Academy as a nominee for Best Documentary Feature. Fully restored as a 35mm print by UCLA Film & Archive and The Motion Picture Academy, the film was honored in the annual UCLA Festival of Preservation, screened before a live audience of the 35mm print at the Billy Wilder Theater in Los Angeles. March 14, 2013.
A mass communications graduate scholar (1959) studying public opinion at Boston University under the aegis of WGBH, a Senior Research Fellow at the MIT Center for International Studies, he also served as a principal of MEDCOM (1968), a publicly traded company and pioneer of the learning industry in the dissemination of medical knowledge to physicians and the public. As Producer. Director & Co-Creator of the groundbreaking CBS documentary series, THE BODY HUMAN (1977), a cinematic exploration of the relationship between biochemistry, medicine and human behavior, he opened the door to LIFELINE, the first non-fiction series, e.g., the practice of medicine, ever carried in prime time by the NBC television network.
Kelman is the unprecedented 3-time winner of the Directors Guild of America Award for Outstanding Documentary Feature and a 7 time Emmy wiinner for “Lifeline” and “The Body Human.” One of the few documentary film makers who moved from non-fiction to a 25 year career (1980-2005) as a Producer of movies and mini series for television inclusive of the 3 American commercial networks ABC, CBS, NBC, as well as the pay cable channel HBO. Whether in fiction or non-fiction his work has been characterized by the ever-elusive search for truthful depictions of history and/or reality.
Kelman's earliest success was in producing and directing The Face of Genius, the life of Nobel Prize–winning playwright Eugene O’Neill, nominated for an Academy Award in 1966. marking the first time in Oscar history that a film originally produced for television was recognized by the Academy as a nominee for Best Documentary Feature.
A first generation American born in the Bronx, New York and raised in Boston, Massachusetts, he is the son of Lawrence and Laura Kelman, Jewish immigrants from Poland. As a teenager in the late 1950s Kelman was a child of the live television era. Hollywood, in the early 50’s as a filmmaking center found its audience for movies tilting drastically in the direction of live television drama. Influenced by the thoughts of comedian Jackie Gleason in a “Look” magazine article describing the excitement of live television not only as entertainer but the necessity for television directors to emulate the instinctive skills akin to the performance of an athlete. Kelman, though he played high school and college baseball, knowing he did not have the makings of a major leaguer, was drawn to a career in live television.
Attending Boston University (1954–1958) he served as Production Manager of the college radio station WBUR, a breeding ground for future broadcasters and a professional teaching staff in the tradition of famed radio documentary writer and dramatist Norman Corwin. Kelman graduating cum laude was awarded a graduate scholarship to study Communications Research for an M.S. degree while plying his trade at all levels of production in the early days of live black and white television under the guidance of the professionals operating the pioneer educational station WGBH. Kelman’s Master’s thesis, The Role Of Television in the 1958 Massachusetts Gubernatorial Campaign, was described by George D. Blackwood, PhD, (Boston University Professor of Political Science & Chairman, Citizenship Project), as an innovative contribution to the understanding of the power of this new media to influence public opinion. Kelman continued his study of popular culture and mass communications (1960–1962), holding appointments as a Senior Research Fellow at the MIT Center for International Studies leading to Assistant Professor, Oregon State University serving as Research Director under Title VII of the National Defense Education Act for The Study of New Media authenticating or repudiating the feasibility of state-wide televised instruction.
Returning to Boston (1962) Kelman was hired by WBZ-TV Boston (one of five flagship stations comprising the historic Westinghouse Broadcasting Company soon to be identified as Group W - KDKA Pittsburgh, KQED San Francisco, KYW, Philadelphia, WJZ Baltimore) as a live television producer-director working what was known at the time (pre video tape), a 8 x 6 live shift, i.e., 8 hour day, 6 days a week @ $95.
Immediately following the announcement of the assassination of President Kennedy, Kelman spearheaded the national remote coverage of all events emanating from the Kennedy compound in Hyannisport, MA. As an interesting footnote to broadcast history, it brought the talent of "pool" news reporter Jim Jensen to the attention of the nation, resulting in an unprecedented 30-year career at the CBS flagship station, WCBS-TV, New York.
After the Selma to Montgomery Alabama riots (1965) Rev Dr Martin Luther King, Jr (a graduate of Boston University School of Theology) chose Boston for his next rallying cry for racial freedom. In a march stretching over 20 miles through the streets of Greater Boston, crowds estimated in the hundreds of thousand, blacks and whites hand in hand, in racial harmony. Kelman, assigned to produce documentary coverage of this seminal event was granted a private interview with Dr King. The Kelman interview formed the heart of the documentary Martin Luther King in Boston.
That year as a WBZ- TV Producer/Director as well as Head of Public Affairs programming, Kelman formed a career alliance with a young teaching physician from Harvard Medical School, Robert E. Fuisz, M.D. Fuisz worked closely with Kelman to realize his vision to proivde medical information to the public with an early morning series, Medical Knowledge For Man, 60 half hours. The format featured Fuisz as a physician and was distributed across the spectrum of Group W stations.
At that time, Group W, as the US participant for the pioneering documentary series "Intertel," selected Kelman to represent the broadcast conglomerate (KDKA Pittsburgh; KPIX San Francisco; WJZ Baltimore; WBZ Boston; with its partneers on an international exchange program between The Canadian Broadcasting Company, Channel 7 Australia and the BBC's commercial counterpart, Redifussion London. There he was assigned to its historic weekly documentary series “This Week.”
While in London, Kelman received word that he had been nominated for the Academy Award for Outstanding Feature Documentary for his production at WBZ-TV Boston (1965), The Face of Genius, the life of Eugene O'Neill narrated by Jason Robards. “Variety” (1966) dubbed it “…a masterful job of welding script, film, stills and music into a first-rate production.”
Upon his return to the United States, Kelman and News Director Edward Fouhy spearheaded Group W’s coverage of the 1966 national presidential election between Democratic candidate Texas Senator Lyndon Johnson and Republican Senator Barry Goldwater. In association with future Political Scientist Samuel Popkin, then a PhD candidate at the MIT Center for International Studies and the U.S. computer company Control Data Corporation described in the 1960s as building “…the fastest computers in the world by far,” WBZ-TV election coverage was recognized by the industry as a pioneer broadcaster in the earliest use of percentile returns to project winning candidates for public office. Group W then assigned Kelman to work in association with The Brookings Institution and The Operation Government Committee of the US Congress producing and directing the definitive behind the scenes statement to date on the nature of government operations, 30 half hours, Congress, the Presidency and the Courts.
And then came the fall during the summer of 1967, NYC. Welcome to the fading world of Scopitone films, a forerunner of music videos. The Scopitone machine developed in France, all the rage during the early discothèque club era, was basically a 16mm magnetic striped film jukebox projecting images on a big screen adjacent to a dance floor and bar. Kelman directed over 30 titles, one a day for 30 days, lavishly produced on location from Coney Island to the Catskills, from Manhattan to Brooklyn, from rooftops to swimming pools, subway stations, bridges, construction sites, penthouses, night clubs, dance studios… Audio playback synchronization system, hand held Éclair 16mm, magnetic stripe 16mm stock, e.g. to name a few, The Tokens “The Lion Sleeps At Night,” Mamie Van Doren “Lollypop” Lou Monte “Martha, Martha,” Billy Daniels “That Old Black Magic,” Tommy Edwards “Please Love Me Forever,” Bene King “There Is A Rose In Spanish Harlem.” The project ended in disaster. Films were never released and therein lay another tale.
Next stop, the burgeoning knowledge industry in 1968 Kelman was a principal in a publicly held corporation (Medcom, Inc.) founded by Robert E Fuisz, M.D., specializing in medical education and allied health personnel training. Kelman’s motivational documentaries designed to close the knowledge gap between the practicing physician and the patient remain in circulation: The Hyperactive Child, The Case For Population Control, Ashes to Ashes, Drug of Choice, 3 Times A Day, Aldosterone: Story Of A Hormone, The Transplanters & Christian Barnard, Schizophrenia. Kelman remained a member of the corporate Board and a key management executive until the sale of Medcom in 1983 to a Fortune 500 company.
In 1976 Fuisz & Kelman partnered with Thomas W. Moore, then President of Tomorrow Entertainment and former President for 12 years during the golden age of ABC-TV, (1958-1970), to form The Tomorrow Entertainment/Medcom Co. Thus was executed with the blessing of Richard Salant, President of CBS News, first prime time non-fiction dramatic information series under the aegis of CBS Entertainment, The Body Human. conceived by Thomas W. Moore, Co-Creators Robert E Fuisz, M.D & Alfred R Kelman, Produced & Directed by Alfred R Kelman, Written by Robert E Fuisz, M.D
Concurrently in 1979, out of experiences from shooting the annual seven-year non-fiction CBS Special The Body Human, grew the beginning of prime time reality television for NBC, Lifeline, 13 hours of real life medical drama..
In 1982 Fuisz & Kelman partnered with NBC Exec William F Storke, forming Entertainment Partners and 7 years on in association with Bernard Sofronski CBS Exec in charge of special drama; amounting to a 20-year stretch for Kelman of movies and mini-series for television (see Filmography).
Years later,1992/93 Kelman, as an independent producer, became a direct participant in an unprecedented media feeding frenzy over the shooting by teenager Amy Fisher of the wife of her adulterous lover. The judge dubbed her “Lethal Lolita” setting bail at $2,000,000. Unable to raise bail, a series of legal entanglements ensued over whether her defense attorney, Eric Naiburg, had the right to sell her story in exchange for bail. Advised by counsel that anyone held on bail had a constitutional right to bail. Kelman and his producing partner of KLM Films, Inc, Philip Levitan of Nashville with the expert assistance of agent Ron Yatter (a former executive with The William Morris Agency) became personal guarantors, obtained the rights to Amy Fisher's first hand account of her story resulting in the NBC movie of the week, Amy Fisher: My Story, the only time in the history of television that all 3 networks, ABC, CBS, NBC aired a motion picture docudrama on the same subject within weeks of one another. The full story of Amy Fisher is excellently depicted as a sociological work by Sheila Weller, author “Amy Fisher: My Story.”
Retrospectively, a career covering over 50 years, the gross budget for Kelman’s productions, i.e., money spent above and below the line put on the screen, is estimated in the high range of 8 figures.
During the last few years (2003–2009) Kelman was preoccupied serving in the public sector. A resident of Sagaponack, N.Y., a 350 year old hamlet within the municipal jurisdiction of Southampton, N.Y at the eastern end of Long Island, that found itself under intense pressure from neighboring homeowners to split off a 3 mile stretch of ocean front to form a privately incorporated village. Kelman, a principal organizer of the successful opposition was ultimately elected a Trustee under the laws of the State of New York (2005) and dubbed a founding father of the Incorporated Village of Sagaponack, the historic boundaries of the hamlet remaining intact.
Currently he is at work on a screenplay trilogy based upon autobiographical experiences, “Hayfever, “ “At Water’s Edge, “ and “Swan’s Way.” Most recently March of 2013 Kelman’s early production “The Face of Genius” Academy Award Nominee Best Documentary Feature 1965 was honored with a special 35mm screening by the UCLA Festival of Preservation before a live audience at The Billy Wilder Theater Los Angeles including a Q & A session conducted by noted film historian and critic Paul Malcolm. It is now in release as a digitized special edition for students of University Schools of Drama world-wide as well as available for screening at the national Eugene O'Neill Theater Center.
Alfred R Kelman was married in 1970 to Janice Marguerite Legg of London, England. Their son, Nic Kelman, is a novelist and screenwriter.
B.S. Boston University, cum laude.WGBH Graduate Scholarship (1958) - M.S. Boston University, Communications Research (1959) - Collection for The Study of New Media, American Heritage Center, University of Wyoming (1979) - Distinguished Alumni Award, School of Public Communication, Boston University (1983) Royal Charity Premiere, A Christmas Carol, The Odeon Cinema, Leicester Square, London, in the gracious presence of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth (1984) - Deputy Chairman, Emeritus UK East Sussex & Romney Marsh Foxhounds - Proclamation of Appreciation, Village of Sagaponack, N.Y. (2009) = UCLA Festival of Preservation screening of "The Face of Genius" before a live audience, Q & A follow up, Billy Wilder Theater, Los Angeles, (2013)
Academy Award Nominee, Best Documentary Feature The Face of Genius (1966) ' Directors Guild of America, Outstanding Directorial Achievement' The Body Human: The Magic Sense (1979) The Body Human: The Body Beautiful (1982) The Body Human: The Journey Within (1984)
Emmy Award The Body Human, CBS, Outstanding Documentary Achievement The Miracle Months (1977) The Magic Sense (1979) The Body Beautiful (1980) The Bionic Breakthrough (1981) The Loving Process (1983) The Living Code (1983) The Journey Within (1984)
Special Emmy Award Lifeline NBC (1979)
George Foster Peabody Award The Body Human: The Red River CBS (1978)
Producer and Director filmography
The Face of Genius (1965) Group W Lifeline NBC 13 episodes (1978–79) The Body Human: CBS The Miracle Months (1977) The Vital Connection (1978) The Red River (1978) The Magic Sense (1979) The Body Beautiful (1980) The Facts for Boys (1980 The Facts for Girls (1980) The Sexes (1979) The Sexes II (1980) Becoming A Woman (1981) Becoming A Man (1981) The Bionic Breakthrough (1981) The Loving Process (1981) The Living Code 1983 The Journey Within 1984
To Catch A King (1984 HBO) Robert Wagner and Teri Garr, Directed by Clive Donner (“What’s New Pussycat”) Written by Roger O Hirson
A Christmas Carol (1984 CBS) George C Scott, Directed by Clive Donner, adapted from the original Charles Dickens story by Broadway Playwright Roger O Hirson (“Pippin”)
The Last Days of Patton (1986 CBS) with George C. Scott, Directed by Delbert Mann (Academy Award “Marty”)
The Ted Kennedy, Jr. Story (1986 NBC) with Craig T. Nelson and Susan Blakely, Directed by Delbert Mann
A Special Friendship (1987 CBS) with Tracy Pollan and Akosua Busia, Directed by Fielder Cook (“A Big Hand For The Little Lady”1987)
Napoleon & Josephine: A Love Story (1987 ABC) six-hour mini series with Armand Assante and Jacqueline Bisset, Directed by Richard Heffron
The Plot To Kill Hitler (1990 CBS) with Brad Davis Madolyn Smith Ian Richardson, Directed by Lawrence Schiller (“Peter The Great”) Director of Photography Freddy Francis (3 time Academy Award winner)
Labor of Love: The Arlette Schweitzer Story (1993 CBS) with Ann Jillian, Directed by Jerry London (“Shogun” “Chiefs”)
Amy Fisher: My Story (1993 NBC) with Noelle Parker Ed Marinaro, Directed by Bradford May
“Look” Magazine “Jackie Gleason” 1952 - Alumni Boston University Baseball 1958 - Letter to Kelman from George Blackwood Ph.D, Sept 19, 1959 - Center for International Studies, M.I.T. 1959 - Oregon State System of Higher Education “Televised Junior College Instruction State of Oregon, 1959-1962” - WBZ-TV archive tapes 1985 Group W Westinghouse Broadcasting - Motion Picture Academy of Arts & Sciences - “Variety” 1966 - Academy of Television Arts & Sciences - University of Wyoming American Heritage Center - Village of Sagaponack Proclamation 2009 -