Alfred Rosenheim

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Alfred Faist Rosenheim
Alfred F. Rosenheim.jpg
Born (1859-06-10)June 10, 1859
St. Louis, Missouri
Died September 9, 1943(1943-09-09) (aged 84)
Los Angeles, California
Nationality American
Buildings Hellman Building
Second Church of Christ Scientist
Eugene W. Britt House
Doheny House

Alfred Faist Rosenheim, F.A.I.A. (June 10, 1859 – September 9, 1943) was an architect born in St. Louis, Missouri and a Fellow of the American Institute of Architects. He was one of the leading architects in Los Angeles, California in the early part of the 20th Century. His major works include the H.W. Hellman Building, the Hamburger Department Store, Second Church of Christ Scientist and the Eugene W. Britt House.

Education and early career[edit]

Rosenheim was born in St. Louis, Missouri, to German parents. After attending public schools in St. Louis, he studied in Frankfurt am Main, Germany from 1872 to 1875. When he returned from Germany, Rosenheim was a student at Washington University in St. Louis from 1876 to 1879. He next attended the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, from 1879 to 1881.[1]

Rosenheim began his career as a draftsman working for Charles K. Ramsay of Boston from 1881 to 1883. In early 1884, he joined the practice of Major Francis D. Lee, then the leading architect in St. Louis. When Major Lee died in 1885, Rosenheim took over the practice. In 1894, he formed a partnership with T.C. Link and William B. Ittner that lasted until 1897. From 1897 to 1899, he worked in a partnership with his younger brother, Samuel F. Rosenheim, with Alfred working in Boston and Samuel in St. Louis. During this time, the Rosenheim firm designed Farragut Chambers, a ten-story apartment house in Washington, D.C., and various structures in Boston and Worcester, Massachusetts. In 1899, Rosenheim returned to St. Louis, where he remained until 1903.[1]

Hellman Building[edit]

Hellman Building

In 1902, Rosenheim received a commission from Herman W. Hellman to design the Hellman Building, which was to be the largest steel-frame building in Los Angeles. He moved to Los Angeles in February 1903 to personally oversee its construction, which continued until November 1904.[1] The impressive eight-story structure located in the heart of the city's new financial district established Rosenheim's reputation in the young city. The Architect and Engineer of California wrote that the building "universally is considered the finest architectural monument in Los Angeles," built at an unprecedented cost of $1 million.[1] The structure was built with a full steel skeleton frame, concrete floors and metal partitions.

Other works[edit]

Hamburger Dept. Store

Following his work on the Hellman Building, Rosenheim was hired by A. Hamburger & Sons Co., to design and oversee the construction of their gigantic Hamburger Department Store, a five-story building at the corner of Broadway and Eighth Street. The Hamburger Department Store later became the downtown May Co. Building.[2] Additional commissions followed in Los Angeles, where Rosenheim built his practice and remained for the rest of his life.

Another landmark Los Angeles building designed by Rosenheim is the Second Church of Christ, Scientist, a large domed church built in 1907 in the West Adams district. He also designed Clune's Broadway Theater, the Majestic Theater (on the east side of Broadway between Sixth and Seventh Streets),[3] the Chapman block (at the southeast corner of Fifth and Los Angeles streets),[4] and the buildings occupied by the Farmers & Merchants Bank and the Security-First National Trust and Savings Bank.[2]

Clune's Broadway Theater, as shown in the Los Angeles Times, July 17, 1910

Rosenheim also designed many palatial homes for the city's wealthy, including a home for Edward L. Doheny in Beverly Hills, the Reeves residence in West Adams, the Eugene W. Britt House in West Adams, and the Judson C. Rives mansion in Westchester Place.[5] The brick mansion he designed as his own residence in 1910, located at 1120 Westchester Place, was considered "one of the finest homes in Los Angeles."[6][7]

Rosenheim's last major commission was the Hollenbeck Junior High School in 1937. The Hollenbeck school was a departure for Rosenheim, considered "modern" by many at the time. Rosenheim was reluctant to acknowledge the school as modern and wrote the following in the April 1939 issue of The Architect and Engineer:

"I do not consider the buildings particularly 'modern' although the administration and assembly hall units may possess something akin to the so-called 'contemporary' style. Personally, I do not hesitate to express the fervent hope that 'modernistic' architecture is not a permanent trend. I have a strong feeling that the bulk of modern work we see the country over has very little claim to architectural beauty. In fact I am inclined to doubt whether it can strictly be regarded as architecture. ... But whatever one chooses to call the style of my Hollenbeck School, it seemed to appeal to the Board of Education and its architect."[8]

Arts Commission scandal and later life[edit]

Rosenheim became a Fellow of the A.I.A. in 1889 and served as the President of its Southern California chapter. After several years serving as the Secretary of the Los Angeles Municipal Arts Commission, Rosenheim was removed following a widely publicized scandal in 1921. After the commission rejected a proposal by a jeweler to erect an ornamental clock on the sidewalk, Rosenheim offered, for a fee of $250, to prepare drawings that he could "safely guarantee" would be approved by the commission. The Rosenheim-drafted plans were then approved at a special meeting of the commission held in Rosenheim's office on a Saturday morning.[9] Rosenheim insisted he had done nothing improper, but the City Council unanimously voted to remove him,[10] and the local branch of the American Institute of Architects recommended a term of suspension from its ranks.[11][12]

Rosenheim died of heart disease at California Hospital in 1943 at age 84.[2] He was survived by his wife, Ruth.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "The Work of Alfred F. Rosenheim". The Architect and Engineer of California. March 1907. 
  2. ^ a b c d "A.F. Rosenheim, Architect, Dies". Los Angeles Times. 1943-09-10. 
  3. ^ "The Majestic Theater: A Big and Splendid New One Planned for Broadway Between Sixth and Seventh Streets". Los Angeles Times. 1905-08-20. 
  4. ^ "Mammoth Block for East Fifth: Wealthy Orchardist to Erect Fine Improvement; Project, Halted by Primaries, Now to Go Ahead; Building to Have Eight Acres of Floor Space". Los Angeles Times. 1911-12-10. 
  5. ^ "Beautiful Brick Mansion Recently Completed in Westchester Place: Imposing Mansion; New Westchester Place House Fine Example of Italian Brick Work. Grounds Now Being Landscaped". Los Angeles Times. 1914-05-10. 
  6. ^ "Westchester Place Residence of Local Architect". Los Angeles Times. 1910-02-13. 
  7. ^ "Buys a Fine Home Here". Los Angeles Times. 1918-12-15. 
  8. ^ Alfred F. Rosenheim, F.A.I.A. "Half Century of Architectural Practice". April 1939. 
  9. ^ "Rosenheim To Face Charges: Art Commissioner Takes Fee for Job Before Board; Pledged Approval of Body of Which He is Secretary; May Unseat and Cause Him to Be Prosecuted as Well". Los Angeles Times. 1921-02-21. 
  10. ^ "Ask Next Move in Clock Case:Council Asks if Rosenheim Can be Prosecuted; Art Commission Head Reveals Committee's Methods; Says Fired Secretary Voted to O.K. Own Plans". Los Angeles Times. 1921-02-26. 
  11. ^ "Suspension Only Recommended in Rosenheim Case". Los Angeles Times. 1921-04-06. 
  12. ^ "Rosenheim Off Institute Roll: American Architects Suspend Former Art Secretary; Action Taken Pending Full Inquiry into Charges; Committee Will Investigate Asserted Fee Taking". Los Angeles Times. 1921-04-05.