Alfredo M. Bonanno
Alfredo Maria Bonanno (born 1937 in Catania) is a main theorist of contemporary insurrectionary anarchism who wrote essays such as Armed Joy (for which he was imprisoned for 18 months by the Italian government), The Anarchist Tension and others. He is an editor of Anarchismo Editions and many other publications, only some of which have been translated into English. He has been involved in the anarchist movement for over thirty years.
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In the 1960s a tendency within Italian anarchism which did not identify either with the more classical synthesist Italian Anarchist Federation or with the platformist inclined (GAAP - Anarchist Groups of Proletarian Action) started to emerge as local groups. These groups emphasized direct action, informal affinity groups and expropriation for financing anarchist activity. It is from within these groups that Bonanno emerged, particularly influenced by the practice of the Spanish exiled anarchist Josep Lluís i Facerias.
Magazine Do or Die reports that "Much of the Italian insurrectionary anarchist critique of the movements of the '70s focused on the forms of organisation that shaped the forces of struggle and out of this a more developed idea of informal organisation grew. A critique of the authoritarian organisations of the '70s, whose members often believed they were in a privileged position to struggle as compared to the proletariat as a whole, was further refined in the struggles of the '80s, such as the early 1980s struggle against a military base that was to house nuclear weapons in Comiso, Sicily. Anarchists were very active in that struggle, which was organised into self-managed leagues." A main theorizer of these ideas was Bonanno and his publication Anarchismo.
In 1993 Bonanno wrote For An Anti-authoritarian Insurrectionalist International in which he proposes coordination between Mediterranean insurrectionists after the period of the dissolution of the Soviet Union and civil war in the ex-Yugoslavia.
Bonanno was one of hundreds of Italian anarchists arrested on the night of June 19, 1997, when Italian security forces carried out raids on anarchist centres and private homes all over Italy. The raids followed the bombing of Palazzo Marino in Milan, Italy on April 25, 1997. On February 2, 2003 Bonanno was sentenced to 6 years in prison plus a €2000 fine (first degree 3 years, 6 months) for armed robbery and other crimes. These charges were related to the "Marini Trial", in which Italian anarchists were convicted of belonging to a subversive armed group whose ideological leader was Bonanno.
On October 4, 2009, Bonanno was arrested with Greek anarchist Christos Stratigopolous in Trikala, central Greece on suspicion of having carried out an armed robbery in a local bank. 46,900 euros in cash were found in the car. November 22, 2010 Bonanno was sentenced to 4 years and immediately released from prison (he spent about a year there and he was more than 70 years old that time), Stratigopolous was sentenced to 8 years 9 months with possible release at the end of 2011.
Regarding national liberation struggles, he said that anarchists:
...refuse to participate in national liberation fronts; they participate in class fronts which may or may not be involved in national liberation struggles. The struggle must spread to establish economic, political and social structures in the liberated territories, based on federalist and libertarian organisations.
Regarding the revolution, he said:
Another significant quote:
The man who acts is not the man with a destiny, but the man who has understood.
Perhaps this quote best exemplifies his philosophy:
Hurry up and say no, before a new repression convinces you that to say no is nonsensical and crazy and that you should accept the hospitality of an asylum.
Hurry up and attack the capital, before a new ideology makes it sacred for you.
Hurry up and refuse work, before a new sophist tells you: Work makes you free.Hurry up and play. Hurry up and arm yourself.
Some of Bonanno's published essays translated into English include:
- The Anarchist Tension
- And We Will Still Be Ready To Storm The Heavens Another Time: *Against Amnesty
- Armed Joy
- A Critique of Syndicalist Methods
- Destruction and Language
- For An Anti-authoritarian Insurrectionalist International
- From Riot to Insurrection: Analysis for an anarchist perspective against post-industrial capitalism
- The Insurrectional Project
- Let’s Destroy Work, Let’s Destroy the Economy
- Locked Up
- Propulsive Utopia
- The Theory of the Individual: Stirner’s Savage Thought
- Worker's Autonomy
- "Modern illegalism is commonly associated and championed by proponents of ‘insurrectional anarchism’ of which Bonnano [sic] is seen as a main theoretician.""Illegalism" by Freedom Press
- Miguel Amorós. "Anarquía profesional y desarme teórico. Sobre insurrecionalismo"
- "Vivir la Anarquía .Artículo en solidaridad con Alfredo Bonanno y Christos Stratigopoulos"
- "Insurrectionary Anarchy: Organising for Attack! " by Do or Die Issue 10. page(s) 258-266.
- For An Anti-authoritarian Insurrectionalist International by Alfredo Bonanno
- Alfredo M. Bonanno, Anarchism and the National Liberation Struggle, 1977
- Alfredo M. Bonanno, Armed joy