Alfredo Chavero

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Alfredo Chavero (1841-1906) was a Mexican archaeologist, politician and dramatist.

Biography[edit]

He has made many investigations relative to Mexican antiquities, and written Historia Antigua de Mexico, also several works on Aztec archaeology, especially on old monuments. While making excavations in the pyramids of Cholula, he discovered some idols that are now in the National Museum of Mexico.

He became a member of the Mexican Congress in 1869, and supported Presidents Benito Juárez, Sebastián Lerdo de Tejada, Manuel González, and Porfirio Díaz in succession, notwithstanding their different policies. On 25 June 1879, the government of Diaz ordered the execution of nine citizens of Vera Cruz who were suspected of conspiracy. This act was severely criticised, and great indignation was shown against Mier y Terán, who had executed the order, and against Diaz. Chavero, then grand master of a masonic lodge, and expelled Mier y Terán from the brotherhood, and suspended Diaz from his masonic rights. This action gave Chavero great popularity. In congress Chavero also made a strong speech against Mier and Diaz, but afterward became one of his adherents. Chavero was elected senator in 1886, and was professor in the mining and law schools of Mexico.

He is the author of the dramas “La Reina Xochitl” and “La tempestad de un beso,” “Quetzalcoatl,” “Los amores de Alarcón,” “La hermana de los Ávilas,” “El mundo de ahora,” and others. His books relative to Father Sahagún and to the Sun Stone are often referred to.

He donated the Chavero Codex of Huexotzingo to the National Museum of Mexico in 1906.[1]

Works[edit]

  • Discurso pronunciado en los funerales del C. Benito Juarez presidente de los Estados-Unidos Mexicanos (1872).
  • Estudio sobre la Piedra del Sol (1875) y (1877-1903).
  • Calendario azteca: ensayo arqueológico por Alfredo Chavero (1876).
  • Biografía de Sahagún (1877).
  • Sahagun. Estudio por Alfredo Chavero (1877).
  • Bienaventurados los que esperan. Comedia en tres actos y en prosa (1878).
  • Quetzalcóatl. Ensayo trágico en tres actos y en verso (1878).
  • Los amores de Alarcon. Poema dramático en tres actos y en prosa (1879).
  • Xóchitl. Drama en tres actos y en verso" (1879).
  • ¡El huracán de un beso! Drama en dos actos y en prosa, precedido de una introducción, original de Alfredo Chavero (1886).
  • Explicaciones del Códice Aubin (1890).
  • Explicaciones sobre el Lienzo de Tlaxcala (1892).
  • Explicaciones sobre el Códice Borgia (1900).
  • Apuntes viejos de bibliografía mexicana (1903).
  • Obras del Lic. Don Alfredo Chavero, miembro de número de la Academia Mexicana de la Lengua y correspondiente de la Española. Tomo I: Escritos diversos (1904).
  • Discurso pronunciado el 24 de septiembre de 1904 en el Congreso de Artes y Ciencias de la Exposición Universal de San Luis Missouri" (1905).
  • Calendario de Palemke: signos cronográficos. Primera parte (1906).
  • Edición de Historia chichimeca de Fernando de Alva Ixtlilxóchitl (1821-1822).
  • Edición de Historia de Tlaxcala de Diego Muñoz Camargo (1892).

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Chavero Codex of Huexotzingo". World Digital Library. 1578. Retrieved 2013-12-28. 

References[edit]