Alfredo Guzzoni

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Alfredo Guzzoni
Alfredo guzzoni.jpg
Born 12 April 1877
Died 15 April 1965(1965-04-15) (aged 88)
Allegiance  Kingdom of Italy
 Italian Social Republic
Service/branch  Royal Italian Army
National Republican Army
Commands held General Officer Commanding 6th Army, Sicily
Deputy Chief of the Supreme General Staff
Army Group Liguria
Battles/wars

Alfredo Guzzoni (12 April 1877 – 15 April 1965) was an Italian military officer who served in both World War I and World War II.

Early life[edit]

Guzzoni was a native of Mantua, Italy.

Italian Army[edit]

Guzzoni joined the Italian Royal Army (Regio Esercito Italiano ) and fought in World War I.

After the Second Italo-Abyssinian War, Guzzoni was appointed Governor of Eritrea. He served as governor from 1936 to 1937.

In 1939, Guzzoni had a prominent role in the Italian invasion of Albania and was Commander-in-Chief there in 1940.

In June 1940, after Italy entered World War II, Guzzoni commanded the Italian 4th Army during the invasion of France.

On 29 November 1940, Guzzoni succeeded Ubaldo Soddu as Under-Secretary of War and Deputy Chief of the Supreme General Staff.

In 1943, Guzzoni was General Officer Commanding the 6th Army on Sicily and commander of the Axis troops on Sicily during the Allied invasion of the island.

National Republican Army[edit]

Guzzoni completed the war as Commander-in-Chief of Army Group Liguria of the National Republican Army (Esercito Nazionale Repubblicano, or ENR). This was the army of the Italian Social Republic (Repubblica Sociale Italiana, or RSI). Formation of the ENR started in 1943 after Italy quit the war and once Italian dictator Benito Mussolini was rescued by the Germans. The RSI army was disbanded in 1945. Army Group Liguria included several German units and its Italian units were sometimes transferred to German formations.

See also[edit]

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